England, officially the Kingdom of England is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland on the British Isles. The only other nation that shares a land border with another sovereign state is the Kingdom of Scotland on their north. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west. With an area of 130,279 square kilometers.
Englnad is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The current monarch is King Simon I, who has reigned since 2012. England's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial center with an urban area population of 10 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Liverpool, and Newcastle.
England also consists of Wales, Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey, and the Bailiwick of Jersey which all have representatives in the English Parliament.
The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, then the conquest of Ireland in 1603. English control of Ireland was short lived, following Irish victory in their War of Succession in 1641. The English would have one of the largest colony empires in the world which it would reach it's prime in the 1920. English influence can be observed in the language, culture and political systems of many of its former colonies
England was one of the world's first industrialized country and one of the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. England still hold influence on the world stage through it's economy, cultural, military, science, and politics.