The Kingdom of England is a member of the Commonwealth of British Nations. It was formerly the center of the United Kingdom of Great Britain, the Netherlands, and Ireland. The Kingdom replaced the Second English Commonwealth in 1906, which in turn had replaced the Republic of Great Britain and Ireland after Scotland and Ireland seceeded.
Republic of Great Britain and Ireland
The short-lived Republic of Great Britain and Ireland was declared in 1893 in the aftermath of the Third Global War. Ruinous hyperinflation and impossible reparations demands generated anger directed at the central government. It was felt that Britain's imperial ambitions were to blame, and the government fell. Many were angry that, though the Prime Minister and other ministers of state, as well as much of Parliament, had paid for leading the nation into war, King Albert himself remained on the throne. In 1893, an angry mob forced the King to abdicate. He fled to Philadalphia, in the North American Confederation, which openly accepted him. A regency was declared, which soon gave way to the declaration of a new republic when the English Liberty Party (better known by the common abbreviation Englibs') won parliamentary elections.
The new Republic centralized administration, abolishing the Scottish and Irish parliaments. This led the latter to secede from Britain. With France and Rhineland threatening war, they were forced to accept their secessions. The Republic was renamed the Second English Commonwealth.
Ireland became a republic, while Scotland became a monarchy, with Queen Mary III and King Louis I (second in line to the Rhinelandish throne) as co-monarchs.
Second English Commonwealth
The Republic of England, which included Wales, was the successor state to the Republic of Great Britain and Ireland. It was dominated by the English Liberty Party, which became the sole legal party.
The Restored Kingdom (Regency)
In 1912, the English staged a referendum on restoring the monarchy, which won by a landslide. The Party ensured, however, that there would be debate over who the proper king was. The major contendors being King Albert of the Commonwealth of British Nations, King Louis of Scotland, or whether England should adopt a new dynasty. The leader of the Englibs, John Cartwright, was proclaimed Regent, ostensibly until the proper king was acknowledged.
The Englibs removed, one by one, the old Parliamentary restrictions on the Crown's power, making Cartwright into a totalitarian dictator, aiming to restore English might.
In 1914, Wales rebelled, declaring itself the sovereign Kingdom of Wales. Cartwright reluctantly permitted Wales to secede, knowing that England was not yet strong enough to go to war again. Wales became part of the United Kingdom of Scotland and Wales.
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