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Equality of Nations is an alternate history where in the Racial Equality Proposal, having (as in OTL) passed a clear majority of 11/17 to be included in the Covenant of the League of Nations, becomes part of that covenant rather then dismissed by Wilson who knew that such a clause would hinder the likelihood of Congress ratifying the Accords (in OTL Congress did not ratify the accords even without the clause though in this timeline people of our present will consider this clause the main factor in the ratification failing). The clause reads as follows;

The equality of nations being a basic principle of the League of Nations, the High Contracting Parties agree to accord as soon as possible to all alien nationals of states, members of the League, equal and just treatment in every respect making no distinction, either in law or in fact, on account of their race or nationality.

It was proposed by Japan's delegate, Danshaku (Baron) Makino Nobuaki. In OTL the lack of this clause being adopted is considered a factor in Japan, which had been an Allied power in the first world war, joining the Axis. Japan used 'Anti-Colonialism' and 'Co-Prosperity' to build support for the war effort with Japan presenting itself to its public as liberators - such as in Vietnam which was a French colonial territory at the time. It also made the international situation, to the militarist of Japan, seem one where the west would always have its way; where politics would always be slanted in favor of the great European powers and their colonial efforts. All of which was expressed further when Japan did not expel Jewish refugees from Manchuria and utilized the political slogan Hakkō ichiu.

Interpreting the Clause

  • Alien - belonging to a foreign country or nation; a foreigner, especially one who is not a naturalized citizen of the country where they are living.
  • Distinction - a difference or contrast between similar things or people; the separation of things or people into different groups according to their attributes or characteristics.
  • Nationality - the status of belonging to a particular nation; an ethnic group forming part of one or more political nations; for example 'The British Nation consists of the British Isles, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, and the United States of America. All but one of these nations is united under the Commonwealth of Nations.'
  • Race - each of the major divisions of humankind, having distinct physical characteristics; a group of people sharing the same culture, history, language, etc.; an ethnic group.

Laws Threatened or Impacted by the Clause

  • America's Constitutional Stipulation that the President of the US must be a Natural Born American Citizen, as in someone naturalized in the US. This is threatened by the 'alien nationals' aspect of the clause.
  • Apartheid and Segregation-type legislation would be forbidden by the League.
  • Laws putting special restrictions on members of a specific race or nationality would be forbidden, for example Nazi Germany's law forbidding Jews from owning firearms or laws restricting persons from marrying one another due to race.

With this stated, one can quickly see the issue - nations with such laws are unlikely to join the League and nations with a popular movement to enact such laws may willingly leave the League at any time.


I suspect that with the adoption of this clause Belgium, Great Britain (maybe), Portugal, and the United States of America (four of the original 17 nations at the Paris Peace Conference) do not (at least initially) join the League of Nations (South Africa surely won't). Thus certain early meetings of the League are carried out without those nations voting. Those that do ratify the document adjust accordingly leading to increased immigration and emigration between the member states and hastening Universal Suffrage in those nations. This of course leads to people who would not have otherwise met meeting and to some people who would have been born not being born and people not born in OTL being born.


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