The Margraviate of Erlangen-Erlangen, Erlangen, is a small constitutional monarchy in Central Europe. Clockwise from north it bordered by Bayreuth, Eckental, Nuremberg and Wurzburg. It is a member state of the Holy Roman Empire. The capital is Erlangen and the population is around 167,000.
The Head of State is Margrave Charles Alexander.
The official language is German.
It uses the Nuremberg Taler (NBT).
Obscure, until bought by Emperor Wenceslaus in 1396, it was added to the Crown of Bohemia. Sigismund II later granted it to his daughter Katherine and her new husband, the otherwise landless, Eberhard of Neu-Kyburg.
Tasked with restoring the area's fortunes following the Hussite Wars, the Erlangen Neu-Kyburgers almost immediately argued with Nuremberg, siding with Bayreuth in most disputes. It remained Catholic during the Reformation and followed Bayreuth's lead in its ill-fated war against Nuremberg during the first few years of the Fifty Years War. Unlike Bayreuth however it was never forced to swap sides and avoided a devastating occupation by Svealand and, in turn, Bavaria, a fate which befell its northern neighbour.
In 1743 it was split into Erlangen-Erlangen and Erlangen-Eckental and both states have lapsed largely into well-run obscurity, overshadowed by Nuremberg.
Erlangen is a constitutional monarchy governed by a small Diet. There are elections on a wide franchise every three years.