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The Ethnic Groups of Socialist Siberia

Ethnic Groups

Photo Name Republic or Territory Info
Komi peoples Komi Russia They may have been much more widespread in the past. Scandinavians knew of prosperous Bjarmians who were settled in the area of modern Arkhangelsk. A medieval Komi state was known as Principality of Great Perm. Their northernmost subgroup is also known as the Komi-Izhemtsy (from the name of the river Izhma) or Iz'vataz.
Altaikai Altai Russia The Altay were originally nomadic, with a lifestyle based on hunting / trapping and pastoralism, but many of them settled as a result of Russian influence. Some remain Shamanists, while others have converted to the Orthodox (the Altai mission took shape under Saint Makarii Glukharev, Apostle to the Altai.) In 1904, a religious movement called Ak Jang or Burkhanism arose, perhaps in response to Russian colonization.
Khakas Khakas Russia The Khakas, or Khakass, are a Turkic people, who live in Russia, in southern Siberia. They speak the Khakas language, which belongs to the family of Turkic languages. They have dark skin and eyes and coarse dark hair and beards. Their face is wide, the cheekbones are not very prominent. The Khakass tend to be short, with the average male height being 162-164 cm. In some Khakass groups characteristics of the Finno-Ugrian ethnic groups are discernible.
Manchus dressed as royal family Manchu Manchuria The Manchu people are a Tungusic people who originated in Manchuria. During their rise in the seventeenth century, with the help of the Ming dynasty rebels (such as general Wu Sangui), they came to power in China and founded the Qing Dynasty, which ruled China until the Xinhai Revolution of 1911, which established a republican government in its place.
Tuvan People Tuvan Russia and Mongolia Tuvans have historically been cattle-breeding nomads, tending to their herds of goats, sheep, camels, reindeer, cattle and yaks for the past thousands of years. They have traditionally lived in yurts covered by felt or chums covered with birch bark or hide that they relocate seasonally as they move to newer pastures.
Baikalburyats Buryats Russia and Mongolia Buryats share many customs with their Mongolian cousins, including nomadic herding and erecting yurts for shelter. Today, the majority of Buryats live in and around Ulan-Ude, the capital of the republic, although many live more traditionally in the countryside. They speak in a dialect of Mongolian language called Buryat
Yakut1 Yakuts Russia

The northern Yakuts were largely hunters, fishermen and reindeer herders, while the southern Yakut raised cattle and horses.

Uyghur Uyghur Uyguristan The Uyghur are a Turkic ethnic group living in Eastern and Central Asia. Today Uyghurs live primarily in the Uyghur Socialist Republic in Socialist Siberia. An estimated 80 % of Siberia's Uyghurs live in the southwestern portion of the region, the Tarim Basin.
Taopriest Han


and Manchuria

Han Chinese are an ethnic group native to China and, by most modern definitions, the largest single ethnic group in the world. Many migrate to the Socialist Union after Doomsday destroyed the Old PRC.
HuiChineseMuslim3 Hui Uyghuristan The Hui people are a Chinese-descended ethnic group, typically distinguished by their practice of Islam.
Uyghur Tajik Pamiris Uyghuristan Pamiris are Tajiks that originally lived in China, but after Uyghuristan was annexed they became part of Socialist Siberia.
Kyrgyz Manaschi, Karakol Kyrgyz


and Russia

Kyrgyz are predominantly Muslims. Islam was first introduced by Arab traders who travelled along the Silk Road in the seventh and eighth century. Some Kyrgyz in Siberian China follow Tibetan Buddhism.
Dongxiang minority student Dongxiangs Uyghuristan The Dongxiang are Siberian Muslims of Mongol descent mixed with various ethnic groups in the region.
Oiraty Oirats


Mongolia, and Manchuria

Oirat is the common name of several pastoral nomadic tribes of Mongolian origin whose ancestral home is in the Dzungaria and Amdo regions of western Mongolia and also western China.
Xibe Xibe Uyghuristan The traditional dress of the Xibe was similar to the traditional dress of the Manchus. Nowadays almost all the Xibe wear Western clothing and the traditional clothing is worn by elders during festivals.
Tujia women Tujia Uyghuristan Tujia are an ethnic minority in Uyghur Republic, the rest of them live in the lawless zones in China and on the Dragon State.
Daur Daurs Uyghuristan and Mongolia Many Daurs are shamanists. Each clan has its own shaman in charge of all the important ceremonies in the lives of the Daur. However, there are a significant number of Daurs who have taken up Lamaism (Tibetan Buddhism).
Tibetan Tibetan Uyghuristan Tibetan people live in northern Uyghuristan being an ethnic majority in Uyghuristan, many have returned to Tibet since Tibet's Independence.
Hmong Hmong Uyghuristan Hmong people were singled out for retribution when the Pathet Lao took over the Laotian government in 1975, and tens of thousands fled to Thailand seeking political asylum.
4580zhuang Zhuang Uyghuristan
Salar-nationality Salar Uyghuristan The Salar's ancestors were migrating Oghuz Turks who intermarried with Han Chinese,Tibetans, and Hui. They are a patriarchal agricultural society and are Muslims.
Russian Russian All Republics The Russian people (русские, russkiye) are an ethnic group of the East Slavic peoples, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries. They are one of the 2 only ethnic group of the Union that has a Soviet republic before Doomsday.
408px-AlutiiqDancer Alutiiq Alaska They traditionally lived a coastal lifestyle, subsisting primarily on ocean resources such as salmon, halibut, and whales, as well as rich land resources such as berries and land mammals. Alutiiq people today live in coastal fishing communities, where they work in all aspects of the modern economy, while also maintaining the cultural value of subsistence.
Inupiat-eskimo-girls-in-traditional-parkas 2119 Inupiat Alaska The Inupiat people are the Inuit people of Alaska's Northwest Arctic and North Slope boroughs and the Bering Straits region, including the Seward Peninsula. Barrow, the northernmost city in the United States, is in the Inupiaq region. Their language is known as Inupiaq.
Yu'ip Yup'ik Alaska Yup'ik, with an apostrophe, denotes the speakers of the Central Alaskan Yup'ik language, who live in western Alaska and southwestern Alaska from southern Norton Sound to the north side of Bristol Bay, on the Yukon-Kuskokwim Delta, and on Nelson Island.
Siberian-eskimo-Nabogatova- Siberian Yupik Russia Siberian Yupik reside along the Bering Sea coast of the Chukchi Peninsula in Siberia in the Russian Far East and in the villages of Gambell and Savoonga on St. Lawrence Island in Alaska.
AleutDancers6 lg Aleuts Alaska The homeland of the Aleuts includes the Aleutian Islands, the Pribilof Islands, the Shumagin Islands, and the far western part of the Alaska Peninsula. During the 19th century, the Aleuts were deported from the Aleutian Islands to the Commander Islands by the Russian-American Company.
Nenets Child Nenets Russia

They bred the Samoyed dog to help herd their reindeer and pull their sleds, and European explorers later used those dogs for polar expeditions, because they have adapted so well to the arctic conditions. The Nenets gave the Polar Bear a special place in their religious life. Tundra wolves can be a source of considerable economic loss, as they prey on the reindeer herds which are the livelihood of some Nenets families. Fish was a major component of the Nenet's diet.

They had a shamanistic and animistic belief system which stressed respect for the land and its resources. They had a clan-based social structure. The Nenets shaman is called a Tadibya.

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