Early French history began with the conquests of Gaul by Julius Caesar which led to the spread of Roman culture to the region that would become modern day France. This Roman culture would changed the Germanic peoples already living in the regions and who would later relocate to the region. After the fall of the Roman Empire, the Frankish people united under powerful leaders, notably including Charles Martel, Clovis, and Charlemagne.
After the conquest of England by William of Normandy, the Kingdom of France, under the Capetians, and the Kingdom of England had a number of conflicts which would persist until the later nineteenth century. Notable among these conflicts were the Hundred Years' War of the late medieval era.
In the late 18th century, the French bourgeoisie fought a rebellion based upon the American Revolution of the United States. Ultimately, the French Revolution would end up with the creation of the French Empire under Napoleon I, a powerful military general who created the largest French empire in Europe to date. After the Napoleonic Wars deposed the militaristic Napoleon, France returned to monarchy before returning back to republic and then another Imperialist Bonaparte empire, under Napoleon III.
After the creation of the Third French Republic, France's primary foe shifted to the east - Prussian Germany. In 1870's Franco-Prussian War, the German military tacticians thoroughly boThe Kingdom of France went on to become a major power in Western Europe and became republican in the late 18th Century during the Revolution. One result of this Revolution was the Napoleonic Wars, which saw the greatest extent of French power. After the Napoleonic Wars, the nation of France underwent a humiliating defeat at the hands of the German Empire in the 1870s.
Part of NATO, APTO, UNSC. Colonial Power.
Government and Politics
- Fourth Republic
- Vincent Auriol (1947-1954)
- René Coty (1954 - 19??)
- Fifth Republic
- Charles de Gaulle (19?? - 19??) [Ended by Algiers Coup]
- Sixth Republic
- Raoul Salan (19?? - 19??)