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|“||Send us your ambassadors: and thus we shall judge whether you wish to be at peace with us or at war...if you make war on us, the Everlasting God, who makes easy what was difficult and makes near what was far, knows that we know what our power is||”|
—-Mongke Khan Fourth Khan of the Mongol Empire, writing to King Louis IX of France
The Kingdom of France (French: Royaume de France), also known as France, was a former kingdom in Western Europe. From its capital in Paris, France was the largest united realm prior to the Second Great Invasion of the Mongols in 1285
Dating back to the empire of Charlemagne, France was led by central monarchs who relied on a vassal system stretching from Aquitaine in the southwest to the Tartar Channel in the northeast.
|Kingdom of France|
Royaume de FranceTimeline: Knightfall
OTL equivalent: France
1621 - 1627
Munjoie Saint Denis!
(and largest city)
|Other cities||Lyon, Toulouse, Rheims|
|Regional Languages||Langues d'oïl, Langues d'oc|
|Ethnic groups||Frankish, Occitan|
|Legislature||Conseil du Roi
(Empowered with legislative abilities in 1254)
|-||Treaty of Verdun||August 10, 843|
|-||Règlement Royale||Mid- 1300s|
Human history of France began with the arrival of Neanderthal man hundreds of millennia ago, spans to the barbaric period of the Gauls, includes the conquest by Julius Caesar, incorporates the Frankish kingdoms following the fall of Rome. From there, it extends into the history of the Kingdom itself, with the early history, the Mongol invasion of Europe, wars with England, and finally fracturing.
Mongol Invasions of Europe and the Tartar Yoke (1243 - 1300 )
Following the Saintonge War of 1242 and during the continued Mongol Invasion of Europe, Pope Innocent IV called the First Council of Lyon. France was obliged to aid the Holy Roman Empire in a greater struggle for Europeans to resist the Mongol Invasions led by Batu Khan and Subutai. Fighting in Germany in a war of attrition cost the French Monarchy dearly in funds and in lives. Even in occasions of European victory entire French Levies were often decimated by swift and precise horse archers.
In the first Invasion of Europe, France was raided by Mongolian scouting parties but was not directly threatened with invasion until 1246. The French under King Louis IX participated in the Battle of Mainz, on the Rhine River. French Speaking soldiers likely made up at least half of the 50,000 casualties on the Eurpoean side
Survival of Religious Minorities
The governmental system of the Kingdom of France is largely based upon the manorial, feudal system that dominated Western Europe in the Middle Ages. The balance of power between the King and his vassals was often contested and the cause of a number of conflicts.
Ultimately, through the accumulation of a large number of royal holdings, kings have been able to maintain the ultimate authority over the realm in most cases. The exception is the Duchy of Aquitaine, which is held by the Plantagenet dynasty, and therefore is loyal to the King of England over the French king.
The history of vassals within the Kingdom of France is an intricate one. At the start of the Kingdom, the King operated as both King and Count of Île-de-France. Many of the French vassals would go on to become kings in their own right and attain greater power elsewhere. In this regard, the early French Kingdom is analogous to the Holy Roman Empire's status.
During the reign of Louis VI, however, royal power picked up substantially. This trend was continued with the marriage of Eleanor of Aquitaine and Louis VII, but quickly ended when Eleanor divorced Louis VII in favor of Henry II of England. At this juncture in time, a vassal actually challenged the King for control over the crown and all of France.
Following the Battle of Bouvines and the utter failure of King John of England's reign as well as teh Albigensian Crusade, the Crown became the dominant force in France. This trend would continue until...
The peerage of the Kingdom of France was established by Louis VII during the first peak of royal control. The vassals to the Crown are (listed in order of precedence):
- Ecclesiastical vassals
- Archbishopric-Duchy of Reims
- Bishopric-Duchy of Laon
- Bishopric-Duchy of Langres
- Bishopric-County of Beauvais
- Bishopric-County of Châlons
- Bishopric-County of Noyon
- Lay vassals
- Duchy of Aquitaine (or Duchy of Guyenne)
- Duchy of Burgundy
- County of Flanders
- County of Champagne
- County of Toulouse
Ecclesiastical vassals did not have an actual fief to govern; instead, the vassal rules over an episcopal see. All of these sees are located near Rheims, except for Langres, which is in Champagne.
Still quite fragmented: Breton, Occitan, Metropolitan, Orleanaise, etc.
Language isn't (never will be?) united
Medeival Inquisition for the Cathar heretics
- This is the OTL English Channel, called the Tartar Channel by the English themselves who witnessed raids both at land and sea from France.