Adolf Lüderitz bought an area from Chief Frederiks for his settling expedition to colonize. The size of the land conceded however was disputed. The trial kept on for 5 years depleting Chief Frederiks of his savings and forcing him into debt. A few unfortunate investments also forced Adolf Lüderitz into debt. The two men filed for bankruptcy soon after. Both got imprisoned as was the law for bankruptcies. In a tragic twist of fate they've found themselves in the same prison, sharing the same cell. Though the two men eventually forgave each other, the press uncovered this affair becoming a huge national issue over the next few months.
This divided the public on two sides. On the one side were the those who advocated for two basic rights as they claimed them to be, the right to a defense attorney appointed by the state if you don't have the financial capability to pay him by yourself to ensure fair trials and the right for a fresh start after going bankrupt, introducing modern bankruptcy procedures and the notion of debtors discharge for not repayed claims after he has defaulted and he is completely devoid of all his assets, as well as avoiding imprisonment over it. They were called Fundamentalists and their support came mainly from the more liberal parts of the society and the lower class, the middle class and the rural interests. The oppoments of this proposals proclaimed that it is common sense that the nation would experience an economical catastrophe yet unprecedented were they to instite this law. Their oppoments accused them of playing with people's fears. They were called were called the Rationalists and their support came mainly from the more conservative and reactionary parts of the society, the upper class and the banking system. The people's support for the Fundamentalists was overwhelming and the Volksraad finally passed a resolution instituting the Fundamentalists "basic rights" with very thin majority.
Several people questioned the constitutionality of the reform, same even going further stating it was unconstitutional. An appeal made by a group of digruntled rationalists to the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Fundamentalists with a very thin majority in the Fundamentalists v. Rationalists case.