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General Congress
Общий Съезд
Obshchy Syezd
XXX Convocation
Coat of Arms of Alaska (Russian America)
Type
Type Bicameral
Houses Senate (Upper House)
State Duma (Lower House)
Leadership
Chairman of the Senate Boris Sashin (DMS)
Chairman of the State Duma Irakly Kantorov (Evergreens)
Structure
Seats 487
(126 Senators)
(361 Deputies)
Senate of Alaska (Russian America)
Senate
Political Groups

      DMS (65)
      Evergreens (54)
      Dougs and Tories (7)

State Duma of Alaska (Russian America)
State Duma
Political Groups

      DMS (176)
      Evergreens* (166)
      Dougs and Tories (19)

Elections
Voting System MNTV (Senate)
FPTP, IRV (State Duma)
Last Election March 24, 2018
Next Election March 27, 2021
Elections
Таврический дворец (с водонапорной башни)
General Congress Building
New Archangel, Sitka, Alaska

The General Congress (Russian: Общий Съезд, Obshchy Syezd), colloquially abbreviated as Obsyezd (Обсъезд), is the federal legislature of Alaska. The body is bicameral, comprised of the Senate (upper house) and the State Duma (lower house).

History

The predecessor to the General Congress was established in 1905 as part of the October Manifesto, which gave Russian America a degree of autonomy within the Russian Empire. The first elections resulted in a majority of seats being won by reformists and republicans, causing tensions with Nicholas II of Russia (who dissolved the body within a year). For the next decade, tensions between the democratic body and the autocratic Tsar would continue.

The most significant piece of legislation passed by this early parliament was its unilateral declaration of Alaska's independence on March 8, 1917. Throughout the Alaskan Wars, the early parliamentary system would gradually reform into a more Americanized body of two equal chambers.

The first session of a unified General Congress began in 1931, with the ninth session (1955-1958) being the first to include all areas of modern day Alaska.

Composition

Senate

The Senate (Сенат, Senat) is the upper house. This chamber is currently comprised of 126 senators (сенаторы, senatory). This chamber was modeled after the United States Senate, whereby all of the governorates have equal representation (regardless of their population or national prowess). As it currently stands, each governorate is guaranteed seven seats.

Senators are elected to serve a nine-year term, and timed so that a third of the chamber is up for election every three years (with anywhere from one to three seats being contested across all governorates). For elections determining three seats, multiple non-transferable vote (MNTV) is used; while first-past-the-post voting (FPTP) is used for single seat elections.

At the beginning of each legislative session, one of the sitting senators is elected by the chamber to serve as the Chairman of the Senate (председатель Сената, predsedatel Senata). For all intense and purposes, the chairman is almost always one of the leading members of the majority political party (though this is not a requirement). The current Senate Chairman is Boris Sashin of the Movement for Peace and Freedom, with Kiril Shumer of the Evergreens as the minority leader. The Chairman of the Senate is next in line for presidency, should the incumbent be unable to continue serving the office (be it death, impeachment, resignation, etc.).

State Duma

New b-76

Chamber of the State Duma.

The State Duma (Государственная Дума, Gosudarstvennaya Duma) is the lower house. This chamber is currently comprised of 361 deputies (депутаты, deputaty). This chamber was modeled after the United States House of Representatives, in which all sets are proportionally given to the governorates based on their population (though all are guaranteed at least one seat to start). The number of seats are determined following the completion of the decennial census, with any changes taking effect the following election cycle. Based on the number of seats they are allocated, the governorates are than partitioned into as many congressional districts (съездовские округа, syezdovskiye okruga), with each having (as close as possible) the same population as the others.

Seats of the State Duma (Russian America)

Current Seating Allocation.

All seats of the State Duma are up for election every three years, with those taking place in-between presidential elections being called midterm elections (среднесрочные выборы, srednesrochnyye vybory). Alaskans of each congressional district vote for a single member using first-past-the-post voting or (in some governorates) ranked voting.

At the beginning of each session, one of the sitting deputies is elected to the position of Chairman of the State Duma (председатель Государственной Думы, predsedatel Gosudarstvennoy Dumy), which is colloquially known as the Speaker (спикер, spiker) to distinguish them from the Chairman of the Senate. For all intense and purposes, the chairman is almost always one of the leading members of the majority political party or (as is the case since 2018) an electoral fusion of multiple parties. The current speaker is Irakly Kantorov of the Evergreens (which is currently in a fusion party with the Party of Dougs and Tories), with Aleksandr Atamanenko of the Movement for Peace and Freedom leading the opposition.

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