Most Serene Republic of Genoa
Serenissima Repubblica di Genova Serenìscima Repùblica de Zêna
Timeline: 1983: Doomsday

OTL equivalent: Liguria without the province of Sanremo
Flag Coat of Arms
Flag of St. George Coat of arms of the republic
Location of Most Serene Republic of Genoa
Location of the Republic of Genoa in salmon, claimed territory in red, but under control of Monaco

Motto
Respublica superiorem non recognoscens (Latin)
("Republic that recognizes no superior")

Anthem "Basso di Genova"
Capital
(and largest city)
Genoa
Other cities Savona, Rapallo, Albenga, Sarzana and Lerici
Language
  official
 
Italian
  others Ligurian, French, English and others
Religion
  main
 
Catholicism
  others Atheism, Judaism and others
Ethnic Groups
  main
 
Italian
  others Alpines, Americans and others
Demonym Genoese, Ligurian
Government Unitary oligarchic corporative Republic
  legislature Major and Minor Council
Doge of the Republic Marco Bucci
First Secretary of State Giovanni Toti
Area 4,292 km²
Population 1,389,785 
Established 1099
Independence from Italy
  declared June 21, 1984
Currency Genovino
Organizations Italian Peninsula Alliance and League of Nations

The Most Serene Republic of Genoa (Serenissima Repubblica di Genova / Serenìscima Repùblica de Zêna) is a state in Northwestern Italy, it controls most of the ex-region of Liguria and the islands of Gorgona, Capraia and the Pontine archipelago. 

History

Pre-Doomsday

Before 1100, Genoa emerged as an independent city-state, one of a number of Italian city-states during this period. The Republic of Genoa extended over modern Liguria and Piedmont, Sardinia, Corsica and had practically complete control of the Tyrrhenian Sea. Through Genoese participation on the Crusades, colonies were established in the Middle East, in the Aegean, in Sicily and Northern Africa. The collapse of the Crusader States was offset by Genoa’s alliance with the Byzantine Empire, which opened opportunities of expansion into the Black Sea and Crimea. Genoa's political zenith came with its victory over Pisa at the naval Battle of Meloria in 1284, and over Venice, at the naval Battle of Curzola in 1298. However, this prosperity did not last.

In 1768, Genoa was forced to also cede Corsica to France. With the shift in world economy and trade routes to the New World and away from the Mediterranean, Genoa's political and economic power went into steady decline. In 1797, under pressure from Napoleon, Genoa became a French protectorate called the Ligurian Republic, which was annexed by France in 1805. Although the Genoese revolted against France in 1814 and liberated the city on their own, delegates at the Congress of Vienna sanctioned its incorporation into the Kingdom of Sardinia, in 1848 the Genoese revolted against the power of the Savoyard monarchy, with the goal of restoring the republic, the rebellion was suppressed with might and brute force by the Bersaglieri. In 1860, Giuseppe Garibaldi set out from Genoa with over a thousand volunteers to begin the campaign.

Doomsday and After

Like the other members of NATO, Italy was hit on Doomsday by several strikes. The only one in the vicinity of Genoa was on the base at La Spezia, in easternmost Liguria.

In the aftermath of Doomsday, Genoa suffered some fallout from strikes in southeastern France, as well as the strikes on Milan and La Spezia. However, it was fairly small amounts, though the regional authority did lose its power over both the eastern and western edges of Liguria due to refugees.

Yet in the months after Doomsday, even after seizing the goods on the ships left in the port of Genoa, the government still had to deal with food shortages, and famine was barely avoided over the winter of 1983-1984. The resulting instability led to a fairly shaky government, which always seemed to be in danger of falling. Still, after hearing nothing from a higher authority, the leaders of the Ligurian region declared a new "Republic of Genoa" to govern the area, on June 21st, 1984.

The next winter, as food from the area had actually stayed after the harvest, went much better, and all had the food they needed, though it was definitely not going to make any overweight. By 1986, the government had managed to stabilize itself once again, though it's authority, while technically extending through much of Liguria, was in practice only worth much within the region right around Genoa itself.

A suprising visit

Over the next couple of years, the government out of Genoa managed to re-institute its authority over central Liguria once again. But in 1988, naval vessels, professing to belong to a "Sicilian Republic," arrived in the harbor entrance. The commander of this small fleet of vessels, while outnumbered by what ships Genoa had operational, still demanded that they submit themselves to his authority. His fleet being naval vessels, not what were still effectively merchant ships, he did not think he would be refused - and if not for a few sound minds in the higher echelons of the Genoa government, they would have agreed. As such, they refused, dumbfounding the Sicilian commander. Knowing that he was faster and better armed than the Genoans, he remained in the region, blocking off what little trade there was to be had firing at ships in the harbor, and even occasionally lobbing shells at the city itself. Unable to do much about it themselves, they spent the winter months of 1988-1989 forming a defense league with the Venetians, Sammarinesi, Tuscans, Subalpines and what intact parts of Northern Italy were left, backed up by the Alpine Confederation. Not only was this league successful in stopping the Sicilian advance and forcing them back in Italy itself, but it also meant the expulsion of the Sicilians from the Venetian islands, and allowed Alpine heavy artillery to be moved to Genoa, where it was used to drive off the Sicilians once and for all.

A ceasefire was soon offered by the Alpine Confederation, and it was accepted by the Sicilians. Alpine soldiers stayed behind in Genoa, helping to repair damage and to man new defense batteries for the harbor. Troops were also set aside for defense purposes in general within the republic. The officers in charge of these troops eventually became the commanders of the two Alpine military bases and naval units located in Liguria; one located in Sarzana and the other near Santo Stefano d'Aveto, shortly after a bilateral deal was signed between the government of Genoa and the Alpine ambassador, the treaty stated that Genoa would allow the deployment of foreign troops into his territory for giving assistance to the Armata and in return the Alpine Confederation would provide equipment, traning and economical aid to the republic.

Still, the damage and chaos caused by the Sicilians hurt the republic greatly. Any control in the Western part of Liguria was lost. Monaco annexed what was the province of Sanremo in 1989, Genoa to this day still claim the ex-province as Genoese and refuse to open negotiations with Monaco until a referendum is approved by Montecarlo. This aside, the damage and havoc prevented Genoa from expanding much into the surrounding region, like Venice has been able to do, leaving them with the territory of what was the region of Liguria.

The grudge that they have borne against Sicily since the late 1980s has been a primary motivator in recent years, and thanks to the Alpine and SAC investments and land-lease the Geonese were able to create a small but well equipped navy, with land and ground forces in it.

Recently, however, their involvement in the Italian Peninsular Alliance, and to thei involvement of the republic in the Second Sicilian War, in which they recaptured the Tuscan archipelago for Tuscany, landed troops on the mainland to help the Tuscan Army, and supported the ADC invasion of Sardinia in June. They were also responsible for freeing the main settlements of New Rome at Santa Marinella, in an amphibious operation, during mid-November.

Government

The government of Genoa consists of a unicameral legislature, the National Council, which, in the spirit of the old republic, contains both representatives of the larger merchants and companies active in the city, and representatives elected by the people, in a roughly 5:1 ratio in favor of the people. This is headed by the Consul, who is the leader of the largest coalition.

The legislature elects from itself a Doge, who is the chief executive of the republic. While they remain a member of the body, they generally abstain from votes after their election to the position. A Doge can serve as many terms at the position as they are able.

Most merchant representatives are fairly conservative in how they vote on economic matters - in many cases, they are directed in how to vote by their employers. They are normally allowed to vote their own minds on other matters, however. This creates an unusual setting where economically, Genoa is one of the most conservative states there is - but also one of the more liberal ones socially. Most of these representatives are considered to be aligned in some way with one political party or another as a result, though they are not counted as such. There are currently a dozen of these representatives.

The elected representatives on the Council, some sixty members in all, are elected from a combination of proportional districts, and single member constituencies. Forty of them come from the four proportional districts, and twenty from the constituencies. Vote-splitting tends to mean that the constituencies often elect more conservative candidates, and the proportionately elected members tend to be more left-wing. In the last elections to the Council, on April 11th, 2012, eight parties received seats:

  • Christian Democracy - Christian Democrats and Centrists, 6 seats
  • Genovesi Republican Party - Left-Wing Republicans, 4 seats
  • Genovesi Socialist Party - Socialists and Genovesi Nationalists, 14 seats
  • Italian Communist Party - Communists and Italian Nationalists, 10 seats
  • Italian Social Movement - Fascists and Italian Nationalists, 6 seats
  • Ligurian Union - Conservatives and Ligurian Nationalists, 15 seats
  • Monarchist Alliance - Conservatives and Monarchists, 5 seats
  • Rainbow Greens - Greens, 1 seat

Of special note in this was the new seat won by the Monarchist Alliance, in the city of Savona. Prince Amedeo, Duke of Aosta, the claimant to the defunct Italian throne and a recent candidate in the election for the Greek throne, was the candidate there, and won handily. He is thought to have benefited from his position on Sicily, which he fled the city of Florence ahead of when they invaded the north of Italy in the late 1980s.

The governing coalition of the Union and the Socialists retained control over the government, though they managed to lose twelve seats between them. As a result, they had to bring Christian Democracy and the Monarchist Alliance into their coalition - and both of them held conditions. The Alliance wanted the Prince to be named Doge when the new session opened, and Democracy wanted a formal invitation for the Pope to take up residence in the city issued. Both were agreed to, with the prince being named Doge on May 1st, along with the invitation - which the Pope politely declined.

The next election is scheduled to be held on April 11th, 2016.

Military

The Republic of Genoa, like for his government has taken inspiration to the old Genoese Republic for setting up the military forces that have the task of defending by sea, air and land the republic.

Unlike a traditional apporach where the armed forces are subdivided between the army, navy and air force, Genoa took a singular approach on how to model their armed forces, the Armata Genovese or as it ufficially called Armâ Zenéize is the combained military forces of the Republic, it has only one branch and that is the navy, in it the Armata has ground and air forces, called respectively "Fòrsa de tæra Zenéize", the land component of the navy and the second best equipped, but the largest in terms of men, and the "Fòrsa de âia Zenéize", the air component of the navy, but almost neglected by the Genoese government for their dependency on the navy, but still compared to other nations the air force is equipped with standard 80s aircrafts and second hand airplanes.

The equipment issued to the Armata is pretty old by 2020 standards, but it does the job well enought to be considered sufficent for equipping the military; The navy use as their standard service rifle the Beretta AR70 rifle, issued to the Italian Navy and Air Force before Doomsday, the rifle has never been updated since 1983, but is on par with the firepower of the Subalpine Federation, Venice and Tuscany in terms of main armaments, they use also other old weapons that were issued by the Italian Army like the Beretta BM59 battlerifle, MAB38 SMG and others, but this are mainly given only to reservists or troops who stay behind the frontline or in the national territory. The air force instead still use FIAT G.91 jet fighter of the 60s and 70s, Augusta A.101G , A.102 and A.105 helicopters for resque missions or for the deployment of small squads, also there are a couple of F-104S Starfighter, the Genoese government is interested in modernizing the air force and has place an order for a banch of Panavia Tornado for air testings, and lastly there is the navy itself, the jewel of the Republic of St. George and one of the largest navies in the Italian Peninsula among the various states; over the years it was the navy that recived most of the war budgets from the government and it was always the first to be modernized, as 2020 is equipped with three submarine classes, two cruisers classes, one light cruiser class and four corvettes classes, his flagship is the Andrea Doria helicopert cruiser.

Economy

Most of the economy of Genoa has to deal with its position as a port. While relatively few goods actually enter the port, it is the best-equipped port remaining in its area of the Mediterranean.

Besides this, extensive trade in both wines, and in mineral products from inland, does occur.

Recently, economic growth has been stagnating, as naval expansion uses up more and more of state funds.

International Relations

The Superba maintain a wide range of embassies and enjoy diplomatic relationships with many countries in Europe, Oceania, and America, the first contact with an outside source was with the Subalpine Federation, in 1985 a squad of Alpini crossed the old border between Piedmont and Liguria for discending into Genoa and seeing if there was any authority there, alongiside the road the soldiers encountered many inhabitated villages and cities that weren't fall into anarchy, when the Alpini arrived at Genoa they discover that the municipal authority didn't fall, after been greeted and brifely expanined each other what happen in Piedmont and Liguria the Alpini returned back to Cuneo in a few weeks. In the same year a radio broadcast picked up a signal that came from Venice, the autorithies assume that Venice had still some form of government since they said to be the municipal council of the city, since then Venice, Subalpine and Genoa njoyed mutual relations based on trust, cooperation and fear of the Sicilian government in Palermo.

Some years later on Genoa would open relationships with the countries of South America and Australia, now called ANZC, and they would help the Italian governments by giving military equipment, government fund investments to key projects and infrastractures and also many more, during the 2nd Sicilian War Genoa recived further aid in the form of help from the ADC, the Celtic Alliance send several military units to fight alongside the Italian Peninsular Alliance, alongside jet squadrons, meanwhile Northern Germany send medical teams that assised both injured soldiers and the civilian population.

Still, even with all this Genoa has no relations with several countries, including the Sicilian Republic, Monaco, Virginia, and others, there a particularely hateful relationship with Monaco over the issue of Seborga and the province of Imperia, who Genoa claim as their own and rightfully their, among those who support the Genoese Republic in this issue there is Venice, who consider the territory occupied by Monégasque tro and in return Genoa support the Istrian issue on the side with Venice, arguing that Istria is rightful Venetian land.

The Republic is also a member of the League of Nations and a founding member of the Italian Peninsular Alliance, also they are considering if joining the Atlantic Defence Community or not.

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