Deutsches KaiserreichTimeline: Differently
Gott mit uns
"God with us"
Location of Germany in Europe
(and largest city)
|Official languages||German and Teedish|
|Government||Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|-||Unification||17 January 1871|
|-||Total|| 357,386 km2
137,988 sq mi
Germany, officially the German Empire, is a country in Central Europe. It borders Denmark to the north, the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Belgium and France to the west, Switzerland to the south, Austria-Hungary to the south and east and Poland to the east. It is bounded by the North Sea on the northwest, the Baltic Sea on the northeast and the Alps, Lake Constance and the High Rhine to the south.
The Empire is a decentralized federation of 16 constituent provinces and covers an area of 357,386 km² (137,988 sq mi), making it Europe's 7th- and the world's 59th-largest country. With 83 million inhabitants, it is the most populous country in Europe if Russia is excluded, and the 19th most populous country in the world. Its capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while Frankfurt serves as its financial capital. Other major cities include Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, and Stuttgart.
Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented before AD 100. During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation. After the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, the German Confederation was formed in 1815. The German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights.
In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified (except Switzerland and Austria) into the Prussian-dominated German Empire. After a defeat in the Great War that it had started and a costly victory over a civil rebellion in 1918–19, the powers of the German monarch were greatly reduced and the country was forced to obey the Versailles Treaty and emancipate all its overseas colonies. In the 1930s, Adolf Hitler started a political, religious, social and artistic movement, including a zonal language, that created a strong sense of union between Germany and other Germanic nations in Europe, initiating an era of cooperation. In 1940, Germany under Wilhelm III invaded northern Poland with the intent of connecting its main territory to its exclave Danzig, but lost this conflict and much territory after western European powers intervened. The post-war Treaty of Gdańsk officially prohibited Germany from declaring war, making its armed forces strictly self-defensive.
In the 1950s, a weakened Germany shifted from an era of undue imperialistic ambitions to an economic and cultural boom. Literature and art, as well as technological and scientific development, flourished during that period. The country became the world's top exporter of automobiles, while many German films became international favorites.
During the Cold War, Germany sided with the capitalist powers, as did other Western European nations.
Today a highly developed country with a very high standard of living, Germany upholds a social security and universal health care system, environmental protection, and a tuition-free university education.
- Social Democratic Party of Germany (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands): Moderate left-wing party which promotes green energy and healthcare for all. They just lost the premiership.
- German Centre Party (Deutsche Zentrumspartei or just Zentrum): A party composed of not-too-left social democrats and not-right-enough Christian democrats, they currently hold the Secretary of State position.
- Christian Democratic Union of Germany (Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands): A moderately conservative party which promotes parliamentary monarchy, they just took the Premiership.
- Hitlerist Unification Party (Hitleristische Vereinigungspartei): This is the radical right party which promotes Germanic unification around Germany. They had the Minister of Finance from 1966 until 1969.
- Communist Party of Germany (German: Kommunistische Partei Deutschlands): This is the socialist party, which promotes anti-royalist sentiment and a more free state. They lost relevance in the 1950s and regained that relevance in the 2000s. They had the premiership from 1923 until 1928 and then again from 2001 until 2004.
- National Socialist German Workers' Party: A far-right fascist party. Banned in Bavaria.
The German Empire, as a federal state, consists of 20 partly sovereign federated states (German: Land (state), plural Länder (states); commonly informally Bundesland / federated state, plural Bundesländer / federated states, formerly known as Staaten), most with their own Monarchs. There are many different types of states, though the differences are mostly cosmetic. The current states were formed following the Polish-German War, as smaller states were merged, exclaves and enclaves were smoothed out, and Prussia was divided. Rulers of abolished states were allowed to keep their titles as members of the German Peerage.
A Kingdom is, of course, a monarchy ruled by a king. The official names for the Kingdoms in German is Königland, a portmanteau of Königreich, the German word for Kingdom, and Land. The Kingdoms of Bavaria, Württemberg, and Saxony were largely unchanged, though Bavaria did lose the Circle of the Rhine. Hannover was a historical Kingdom annexed by Prussia in 1868, were it remained a province until 1943. It was decided to merge the province with the Principality of Schaumburg-Lippe and most of the Duchy of Brunswick (the rest were given to Anhalt). Since Ernst Agustus, the Duke of Brunswick was the Great-Grandson of the previous king, he was crowned King, overruling his renunciation of all claims to the throne. Brandenburg was formed from the province of the same name, minus Berlin and a bit of land. Though some wanted Wilhelm III to be king, in the end, it was decided to give the crown to his second son, Louis Ferdinand. As part of this arrangement, Louis, now know as Friedrich I would be demoted in the line of succession, and thus did not inherit the German throne following the death of his older brother, Wilhelm IV.
A Grand Duchy is a state run by a Grand Duke. The name used in the context of the Federal Grand Duchies is Großherzogland, a portmanteau of Großherzogtum and Land. The Grand Duchy of Baden managed to survive mostly intact, and Oldenburg largely just lost some exclaves. The Grand Duchy of Hesse was given land from the Province of Hesse-Nassau, and is thud often called Greater Hesse (German: Groß-Hessen). The Grand Duchies of Mecklenburg-Schwerin and Mecklenburg-Strelitz were merged with the what remained Prussian province of Pomerania, re-creating a unified Mecklenburg. The Grand Duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach was merged with the duchies of Saxe-Meiningen, Saxe-Altenburg, Saxe-Coburg, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and the two principalities of Reuss Elder Line and Reuss Younger Line to create the Grand Duchy of Saxony-Thuringia.
A Duchy is a state run by a Duke. The name used in the context of the Federal Duchies is Herzogland, a portmanteau of Herzogtum and Land. The Duchy of Anhalt was Given land from the Prussian Province of Saxony. Schleswig-Holstein was formed from the pRussian Province of the same name. Rheinland was formed from what remained of the Province of Rheinland, and the Bavarian Palatinate it was given to the Saxe-Coburg and Gotha ducal family.
A Principality is a state run by a Sovereign Prince. The name used in the context of the Federal Duchies is Fürstenland, a portmanteau of Fürstentum and Land. All of the old principalities were absorbed into other states, save for Lippe. It was merged with the Prussian Province of Westphalia and the northern part of Rhein province to create the Principality of Lippe-Westphalia. The Principality of Hohenzollern was created from the Prussian Province of the same name.
|Principality||Population||Area (km²)||Capital||Largest city||Monarch|
Imperial Territory (Reichsland) was a term used for Alsace-Lorraine, though today it refers exclusively to Saar. Saar was a region of Germany occupied and governed by the United Kingdom and France from 1920 to 1935 under a League of Nations mandate, after which it was returned to Germany. It was originally governed by the federal government. It was given all the privileges of a regular state in 1949, albeit without a monarch.
|Territory||Population||Area (km²)||Capital||Largest city|
Free and Hanseatic Cities
A Free and Hanseatic City (Freie und Hansestadt) refers to three city states in Germany. They were organized as republics prior to German unification, and thus have no monarchs.
The term Imperial City is the official English translation for Kaiserstadt (Emperor's City would be a more literal translation) which refers to the capital city of Berlin, which has been its own state since the splitting of Prussia. Though the emperor is often treated as the "official" monarch of Berlin, the city officialLY doesn't have one.