Alternative History
German Empire
Deutsches Reich
Timeline: EEC
Flag Coat of Arms
Flag Coat of Arms
Gott mit uns
Capital Berlin
Largest city Berlin
Other cities Frankfurt/Main, Munich, Hamburg
  others Polish, French, Dialects
Religion Lutheran, Roman Catholic
Government Federal Constitutional Monarchies
  legislature Reichstag
Kaiser Georg-Friedrich
  House of: Hohenzollern
Area 668,483 km²
Population 122,490,583 
Established 1871
Currency Mark (ℳ)
Internet TLD deu
Organizations European Economic Community,Warsaw Alliance

The German Empire, also referred to simply as Germany, is a country in central Europe. It shares a frontier to the north with Denmark, the North and Baltic Seas; to the east with Poland and Lithuania; to the South with Austria and Czechoslovakia; and to the west with France, Belgium, and the Netherlands. Germany's territory covers 668,483 sq km and is influenced by a temperate seasonal climate. With over 122 million inhabitants, it is the second largest state in Europe after Russia.

Germany is a federal constitutional monarchy consisting of twenty-six states. The German constitution has been described at a "treaty" as much as it is a constitution. There are four kingdoms, Prussia, Bavaria, Saxony, and Württemberg. Bavaria maintains a great deal of independence in domestic handling affairs in addition to maintaining limited but separate diplomatic missions in several countries a distinct air force and army Königliche Heer des Bayern Königliche Fliegertruppen des Bayern,   (which a subsumed into the imperial armed forces -- Kaiserliche Heer and Kaiserliche Luftwaffe collectively Kaiserliche Streitkraefte.)  Germany, Prussia, and Bavaria all have top level connex (colloquially referred to as the internet in English speaking countries) domains: .deu .pre .bay.

The imperial capital and largest city is Berlin. The German Emperor (Kaiser) is head of state; an elected Parliament (Reichstag) forms the lower house of the national legislature. The Upper chamber of parliament is the Federal Council (Bundesrat) which is appointed by the state governments. The majority party or governing coalition in the Reichstag nominates the Chancellor (Reichskanzler) as head of government. The government may be dismissed by the Kaiser. The upper chamber is the federal council, (Bundesrat) and each state is allocated a certain number of votes. Germany is a member of the League of Nations and the European Confederation and a founding member of its precurser the European Economic Community.

Constituent states of the Empire

File:Deutsches Reich1.svg

Member states of the German Empire (Prussia shown in blue).

The German Colonial Empire in 1914.

See also North German Confederation.

Before unification, German territory was made up of numerous individual states. These states consisted of kingdoms, grand duchies, duchies, principalities, free Hanseatic cities. Several of these states had gained sovereignty following the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire. Others were created as sovereign states after the Congress of Vienna in 1815. Territories were not necessarily contiguous - many existed in several parts, as a result of historical acquisition, or, in several cases, divisions of the ruling family trees.

After the German-French War of 1870-1871, the North German Confederation and other German states united to form one counrty. and one imperial territory. (Alsace-Lorraine was made a federal state rather than a "Reichsland" in 1952 as part of Kaiser Louis-Ferdinand's reform program. The federal constitution and the 1911 constitution were both amended to eliminate the appointed "staathalter" and give full weight to Alsace-Lorraine's votes in the Bundesrat. The territory was elevated to a duchy with the then existing Staathalter as regent, pending appointment of a duke. The creation of a new dynasty within Germany was unacceptable to many of hte German states. ) The Kingdom of Prussia is the largest of the constituent states, covering some 60 percent of the territory of the German Empire.

Each component of the German Empire sends representatives to the Imperial Council (Bundesrat) and the Imperial Diet (Reichstag). Relations between the Imperial centre and the Empire's components were somewhat fluid, and were developed on an ongoing basis. The extent to which the Kaiser could, for example, intervene on occasions of disputed or unclear succession was much debated on occasion - for example with the Lippe-Detmold inheritance crisis.

States of the Empire

{{#ifeq: | NDB | |
State Capital
Kingdoms (Königreiche)
Flag of Prussia (1892-1918).svg Prussia (Preußen) Berlin
Flag of Bavaria (striped).svg Bavaria (Bayern) Munich
Flagge Königreich Sachsen (1815-1918).svg Saxony (Sachsen) Dresden
Flagge Königreich Württemberg.svg Württemberg Stuttgart
Grand duchies (Großherzogtümer)
Flagge Großherzogtum Baden (1871-1891).svg Baden Karlsruhe
Flagge Großherzogtum Hessen ohne Wappen.svg Hesse (Hessen) Darmstadt
Flagge Großherzogtümer Mecklenburg.svg Mecklenburg-Schwerin Schwerin
Flagge Großherzogtümer Mecklenburg.svg Mecklenburg-Strelitz (EEC) Neustrelitz
25px Oldenburg Oldenburg
Flagge Großherzogtum Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1813-1897).svg Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach) Weimar
Duchies (Herzogtümer)
Flagge Herzogtum Anhalt.svg Anhalt Dessau
Flagge Herzogtum Braunschweig.svg Brunswick (Braunschweig) Braunschweig
25px Alsace-Lorriane (Elsaß-Lothringen) Straßburg
Flagge Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha (1826-1911).svg Saxe-Altenburg (Sachsen-Altenburg) Altenburg
Flagge Herzogtum Sachsen-Coburg-Gotha (1911-1920).svg Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (Sachsen-Coburg und Gotha) Coburg
25px Saxe-Meiningen (Sachsen-Meiningen) Meiningen
Principalities (Fürstentümer)
Flagge Fürstentum Lippe.svg Lippe Detmold
Flagge Fürstentum Reuß jüngere Linie.svg Reuss, junior line Gera
Flagge Fürstentum Reuß ältere Linie.svg Reuss, senior line Greiz
Flagge Fürstentum Schaumburg-Lippe.svg Schaumburg-Lippe Bückeburg
Flagge Fürstentümer Schwarzburg.svg Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt Rudolstadt
Flagge Fürstentümer Schwarzburg.svg Schwarzburg-Sondershausen Sondershausen
25px Waldeck-Pyrmont Arolsen
Free Hanseatic cities (Freie Hansestädte)
Flag of Bremen.svg Bremen
Flag of Hamburg.svg Hamburg
Flag of the Free City of Lübeck.svg Lübeck
German Commonwealth (Deutscher Genossenshaft)
File:Flag Gabon Capital
File:Flag Kamerun Buea
File:Flag Kongo Kinschasa
File:Flag Namibia Windhoek
File:Flag New Guinea Rabaul
File:Flag German Samoa Apia
File:Flag Tanganjika Dar es Salaam
File:Flag Ubangi-Shari Bangi

Note that  Reuß (Elder line) is in personal union with Reuß (junior line). Most former German colonial possessions are sovereign states and members of the loose "German Commonwealth." Most of these states were transformed for a short period of time into constitutional monarchies in personal union with the German emperor. Presently only the Kingdom of Tanganjika remains such.

1871-1888 (Wilhelm I era)

1888-1940 (Wilhelm II era)

Wilhelm II era

1940-1950 (Wilhelm III era)

Wilhelm III era

1950-1994 (Louis-Ferdinand era)

Kaiser Ludwig-Ferdinand, or Louis-Ferdinand, as he was known outside Germany,...

post 1994 (Georg-Friedrich era)

To be continued...


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