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German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th to 19th centuries. Germany was affected by a series of conflicts from the Protestant Reformation which caused Catholic influence to shift to the south to the Napoleonic Wars which was occupied and the Holy Roman Empire disunified into several German states. With the rising of pan-Germanism inside the German Confederation which resulted in the unification of most German states in 1871. Germany was one of Europe's second to last major nations to develop a colonial empire starting with colonization of South West Africa in 1884. Even though some German states set up overseas colonies prior to the 19th century. Germany was also the last nations colonize Antarctica. By 1901 New Swabia, one of Germany's most recognizable colonies was established and was lost in 1918 under the Treaty of Versailles and the German Empire was replaced by the Weimar Republic which lasted from 1919-1933. Germany lost World War I alongside with the Ottoman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. All of Germany's territories in Africa, Asia, Antarctica and the Pacific Ocean was occupied by France and Britain as mandates. The same thing happened with Turkey as they lost Syria, Iraq, Jordan, Palestine and Lebanon. Germany was overthrown by the Nazi Party after Hitler won the 1933 election which caused problems in Europe. Germany conquered much of Europe and allied with Italy, Japan and fascist New Swabia. Germany surrendered to the Allies after Hitler commited suicide in his bunker. Germany was occupied by the Allies and was divided from 1949-1990 until Germany reunified.