Alternative History
German Empire
Deutsches Reich
Timeline: Joan of What?
OTL equivalent: Germany
Flag of Germany Coat of arms of Germany
Coat of arms
Gott mit uns
God with us
Das Lied der Deutschen
"The Song of the Germans"
Royal anthem: 
Heil dir im Siegerkranz
"Hail to Thee in the Victor's Crown"
Germany (dark blue) within the European Union (light blue)
Official languages German
Demonym German
Government Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy
 -  Emperor George Frederick
 -  Chancellor Angela Merkel
 -  President of the Reichstag Norbert Lammert
 -  President of the Bundesrat Malu Dreyer
 -  Upper house Bundesrat
 -  Lower house Reichstag
 -  Holy Roman Empire 2 February 962 
 -  German Confederation 8 June 1815 
 -  Unification 18 January 1871 
 -  Constitution adopted 16 April 1871 
 -  World War II 1914 – 1918 
 -  Gleichschaltung 1933 – 1937 
 -  World War III 1938 – 1946 
 -  Total 540,857.54 km2 
208,826 sq mi 
 -  2016 estimate 101,402,988 
GDP (PPP) 2015 estimate estimate
 -  Total £4.741 trillion 
 -  Per capita £47,033 
GDP (nominal) 2015 estimate estimate
 -  Total £4.160 trillion 
 -  Per capita £41,267 
Gini (2014) 30.7
HDI (2014) 0.916
very high 
Currency Euro (€) (EUR)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the right
Internet TLD .de and .eu
Calling code +49

Germany (German: Deutschland), officially the German Empire (German: Deutsches Reich) is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy in central-western Europe. It includes 27 constituent states, covers an area of 540,858 square kilometres, and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With about 82 million inhabitants, Germany is the most populous member state of the European Union. After Cygnia, it is the most popular immigration destination in the world. Germany's capital and largest metropolis is Berlin. Other major cities include Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf and Königsberg.

Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity. A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD. During the Migration Period the Germanic tribes expanded southward. Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire. During the 16th century, northern German regions became the centre of the Protestant Reformation.

In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire following Prussia's victory in World War I. After the social and economic stresses brought by the Second World War and the Great Depression, from 1933 to 1937 the government of Chancellor Adolf Hitler restructured the country under the policy of Gleichschaltung into a popular democracy, removing power from the dominant German nobility. Yet another world war from 1938 to 1946 saw Germany struggle against Fascist Britain and her allies alongside Cygnia and Russia, eventually triumphing and occupying its defeated foes. The German economic miracle, Wirtschaftswunder, began after the war and saw Germany transform into an economic powerhouse.

In the 21st century, Germany is a great power and has the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP, as well as the fifth-largest by PPP. As a global leader in several industrial and technological sectors, it is both the world's third largest exporter and importer of goods. Germany is a developed country with a very high standard of living sustained by a skilled and productive society. It upholds a social security and universal healthcare system, environmental protection and a tuition-free university education.

Germany was a founding member of the United Nations and a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council. It also played a similar role in the establishment of the European Union in 1993. It is part of the Schengen Area, and became a co-founder of the Eurozone in 1999. Germany is furthermore a member of NATO, the G8, the G20, and the OECD. The national military expenditure is the 9th highest in the world. Known for its rich cultural history, Germany has been continuously the home of influential artists, philosophers, musicians, sportspeople, entrepreneurs, scientists, engineers and inventors.