Alternative History
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The government of the Celtic Alliance is divided into various branches.

Legal structures[]

The legal structure of the Alliance places the constitution at the center of all laws. National courts have autonomy and differing legal frameworks; i.e. the courts of Scotland and Cotentin are founded on principles of roman law, whereas Eire, Wales, England and the Isle of Man have Common Law systems and the Channel Islands use a hybrid of Common Law and traditional Norman law. Regardless of its particular system, no local court can over turn the Alliance constitution.

  • Supreme Constitutional Court - Meets in Dublin, empowered to decide on questions of constitutional law.
    • Judges - Eire 3 / Scotland & Scottish Isles 2 / Cotentin & Channel Is. 1 / East Ulster & Mann 1 / English nations 1 / Wales 1
  • High Courts - Each nation has its own high court in its own capital.
    • Dublin - Newry - Dundee - Stornaway - Aberystwyth - Douglas - Chester - Hereford - Swindon - Hugh Town - Cherbourg - St Helier - St Peter's Port
  • District or County Courts - Each nation has its own judiciary in various locations.

President[]

The formal powers and functions of the President are prescribed in the Constitution. The President, who does not have an executive or policy role, exercises them on the advice of the Government.

There are some specific instances where the President has an absolute discretion, such as in referring a Bill to the Supreme Constitutional Court for a judgment on its constitutionality or in refusing to dissolve Celtic State Parliament on the advice of a Prime Minister of the Alliance who has ceased to retain a majority. Additional functions can be conferred on the President by law. A special Presidential Commission acts whenever the President is absent

President's Oath: In the presence of this sovereign parliament elected by the people of the Alliance, I do solemnly and sincerely promise and declare that I will maintain the Constitution of the Alliance and uphold its laws, that I will fulfill my duties faithfully and conscientiously in accordance with the Constitution and the law, and that I will dedicate my abilities to the service and welfare of the people of the Alliance. May the people direct and sustain me.

Celtic State Parliament[]

The State Parliament's legislative competence covers the areas in which it can make laws – by explicitly specifying powers that are "reserved" to the Parliament of the Alliance: all matters that are not explicitly reserved are automatically the responsibility of the member Nations. Some areas of governance are shared between the Alliance and the members, in sometimes complex ways.

The treaties of accession for some of the smaller member Nations give the Alliance additional responsibilities over certain areas; while this is more often a matter for the Executive Commission, the State Parliament has on occasion passed legislation relevant to these areas.

Areas reserved:

  • Military defense and development
  • International diplomacy and representation to the League of Nations
  • Monetary policy
  • Trade between member Nations and overseas trade policy
  • Telecommunications
  • The Constitution and the Supreme Constitutional Court

Areas shared:

  • Trade with non-member nations in Great Britain
  • Nuclear decontamination
  • Energy
  • Taxation
  • Policing and coast guard
  • Development of national languages and cultures (Irish, Gaelic, Welsh, Cornish, Norman, Manx, Breton) - the CA government sponsors or cooperates with a number of cultural organisations, some of which include non-member nations, namely Brittany and Cornwall.

The Chamber[]

The Chamber of the Parliament is the venue for meetings of the State Parliament. Meetings normally take place between Monday to Thursday.

It currently consists of 101 members from across the Celtic Alliance. Sittings of the Chamber can take place with as few as 46 members if required.

Nation Seats in Parliament
Eire
Republic of Ireland
32
East Ulster 12
Alba
Northern Scotland
15
Na h-Eileanan an Iar
Western Isles, Outer Hebrides
3
Mannin
Isle of Man
5
Syllan
Isles of Scilly
1
Cymru
Wales
14
Cheshire 3
Severn
Hafren
5
Guernési et Jèrri
Channel Islands
4
Cotentin
Arrondissement de Cherbourg
3
Wessex
Cotswolds and Kennet
4

Governmental Committees[]

Committees play a central part in the work of the Parliament – taking evidence from witnesses, scrutinizing legislation and conducting inquiries. Most committees meet weekly or fortnightly, usually on Friday or less commonly on Wednesday mornings, in one of the Parliament's committee rooms or main library – or in locations around the Alliance. Most meetings are public.

Committees are usually made up of seven members, decisions are made by simple hand raising vote, with the majority winning.

Executive Commission[]

The Executive Commission is equivalent to a cabinet and is headed by the Prime Minister. It is responsible for carrying out the laws of Parliament and managing the affairs of the Alliance. One of its key responsibilities is speaking for the Alliance's member Nations with a single voice on the world stage.

The Commission is composed of members of the State Parliament chosen by the governing party or coalition. It is constitutionally required to have a geographically diverse membership from a range of Nations.

Governments of the member nations[]

Most of the day-to-day governance in the CA takes place within the member Nations, which are considered in principle to be independent countries despite the high level of coordination that takes place through the Alliance.

Areas of governance handled almost entirely at the National level include:

  • Agriculture, fisheries, forestry and rural development
  • Education and training
  • Fire protection
  • Health and health services
  • Highways and transport
  • Housing
  • Local government management
  • National judiciaries and High Courts
  • Town and country planning
  • Water and flood defence

List of national assemblies[]

  • Eire: the Oireachtas, contains 240 members in 2 chambers
  • Alba: the Scottish Parliament, contains 76 members
  • Cymru: the Senedd, contains 55 members
  • East Ulster: Parliament of East Ulster, 39 members in 2 chambers
  • Western Isles: Comhairle nan Eilean Siar, contains 29 members
  • Isle of Man: Tynwald, contains 24 members in 2 chambers
  • Isles of Scilly: the Assembly of Scilly, contains 15 members
  • Channel Islands: the Committee of States, contains 41 members (drawn from members of the States of Guernsey, States of Jersey, Chief Pleas of Sark, States of Alderney, and Council of Herm)
  • Cotentin: the Council of Cotentin, contains 22 members
  • Cheshire: the Council of Cheshire, contains 31 members
  • Severn: the Assembly of the Severn, contains 45 members
  • Wessex: the Assembly of Wessex, contains 35 members
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