Alternative History
Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg
Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg
—  State of Germany  —
Binnenalster am Abend
Flag of Hamburg
Coat of arms of Hamburg
Coat of arms
Deutschland Lage von Hamburg
Country Germany
 - First Mayor Ole von Beust (CDU)
 - Governing parties CDU / Green Alternative List (GAL)
 - Votes in Reichsrat 3 (of 148)
 - City 755 km2 (291.5 sq mi)
Population (2007-10-31)
 - City 1,769,117
 - Density Expression error: Unrecognized punctuation character ","./km2 (Expression error: Unexpected < operator./sq mi)
 - Metro 4,300,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code(s) 20001–21149, 22001–22769
Area code(s) 040
ISO 3166 code DE-HH
Vehicle registration HH
GDP/ Nominal € 86.153 billion (2006)[citation needed]
NUTS Region DE6

Hamburg (pronounced /ˈhæmbɜrɡ/; German pronunciation: [ˈhambʊɐk], local pronunciation Template:IPA-all Low German/Low Saxon: Hamborg [ˈhambɔːx]) is the second-largest city in Germany (after Berlin) and the eighth-largest city in the European Union. The city is home to approximately 1.8 million people, while the Hamburg Metropolitan Region (including parts of the neighboring Federal States of Lower Saxony and Schleswig-Holstein) has more than 4.3 million inhabitants. The port of Hamburg is the second-largest port in Europe (after that of Rotterdam), and the ninth-largest in the world.

Hamburg's official name is the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (German: Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg). It makes reference to Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, as a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, and also to the fact that Hamburg is a city-state and one of the sixteen States of Germany.

Hamburg is a major transportation hub in Northern Germany. It has become a media and industrial center, with factories such as Airbus, Blohm + Voss and Aurubis. The radio and television broadcaster Norddeutscher Rundfunk and publishers such as Gruner + Jahr and Spiegel-Verlag represent the important media industry in Hamburg. In total there are more than 120,000 enterprises. The city is a major tourist destination both for domestic and overseas visitors, receiving about 7.7 million overnight stays in 2008.