|Republic of Hawaii|
Lepupalika o Hawaiʻi
Ua Mau ke Ea o ka ʻĀina i ka Pono (Hawaiian)
"The Life of the Land is Perpetuated by Righteousness"
Hawaii's Own True Sons
(and largest city)
|Official languages||English, Hawaiian|
|Government||Unitary presidential constitutional republic|
|-||President||David Ige (L)|
|-||Vice President||Shan Tsutsui (L)|
|-||President of the Senate||Ron Kouchi (L)|
|-||Speaker of the House of Representatives||Scott Saiki (L)|
|-||Lower house||House of Representatives|
|-||Kingdom of Hawaii||May 1795|
|-||Constitutional monarchy||8 October 1840|
|-||Protectorate||25 February 1843|
|-||Annexation to Cygnia||17 January 1893|
|-||Crown Colony of Hawaii||4 July 1894|
|-||Cygnian Military Administration||1946–50|
|-||Republic proclaimed||4 July 1950|
|-||Constitution||18 March 1951|
|-||Total|| 28,311 km2
10,931 sq mi
|GDP (PPP)||2016 estimate|
|GDP (nominal)||2016 estimate|
|Currency||Hawaiian Pound (£) (
|Time zone||Hawaiian Standard Time (UTC+12)|
|Drives on the||left|
Hawaii, officially the Republic of Hawaii (Hawaiian: Lepupalika o Hawaiʻi), is a sovereign state located in Polynesia. It is composed of a large archipelago of islands, which when combined make a total land area of 16,636.5 km2 (6,423.4 sq mi). The rest of Hawaii's 28,311 km2 of territory is water, meaning that 41.2% of Hawaii's total area is water. Geopolitically, Hawaii is considered to be part of Australia, although it lies 7,218 km from the nearest country in continental Australia, Cygnia.
Hawaii encompasses nearly the entire volcanic Hawaiian archipelago, which comprises hundreds of islands spread over 2,400 km (1,500 mi). At the southeastern end of the archipelago, the eight main islands are, in order from northwest to southeast: Niʻihau, Kauaʻi, Oʻahu, Molokaʻi, Lānaʻi, Kahoʻolawe, Maui, and the Island of Hawaiʻi. The last is the largest island in the group; it is often called the "Big Island" or "Hawaiʻi Island" to avoid confusion with the nation-state or archipelago. The archipelago is physiographically and ethnologically part of the Polynesian subregion of Oceania.
Hawaii's diverse natural scenery, warm tropical climate, abundance of public beaches, oceanic surroundings, and active volcanoes make it a popular destination for tourists, surfers, biologists, and vulcanologists. Because of its central location in the Pacific and 19th-century labor migration, Hawaii's culture is strongly influenced by Australasian and Asian cultures, in addition to its indigenous Hawaiian culture. Hawaii has over a million permanent residents, along with many visitors thanks to its tourism industry. Its capital is Honolulu on the island of Oʻahu.