|National Flag on land, Civil Ensign at sea|
|Form of government:||Republic|
The Helvetic Republic was created out of the swiss confederation following the intervention of French troops sent to liberate the peasants of what was largely a feudal society.
The central government is composed of a two-chamber legislature which included the Grand Council (with 8 members per canton) and the Senate (4 members per canton). The executive, known as the Directory, comprised 7 members.
unlike most of its sister republics, Helvetia is a loose federation divided into largely autonomous cantons.
The cantons are: