The Federation of Hindustan (Hindi: हिन्दुस्तानी संघ Hindustani Sangh), also known as India or Hindustan (Hindi: हिन्दुस्तान Hindustan), is a sovereign nation in the northwestern region of the Indian Subcontinent. It is bordered by Nepal and Tibet to the northeast, British India to the east, Dravidadesa and the Indian Ocean to the south, and Persia and Afghanistan to the northwest.
Before the Great War, the entire region was either in complete British hands or was one of the autonomous 'princely states' ruled by a king with a native title but only recognised as a 'prince' by the British. In 1885, the Indian National Congress (the ruling party) was founded by Allan Octavian Hume, Dadabhai Naoroji, and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha. Their goal was for an independent, secular and democratic India.
The British found a firm friend in Mohammed Ali Jinnah, a Muslim Congress leader who founded the Muslim League in 1903, to protect Imperial and Muslim interests.Hindu nationalist organizations also began to form at the same time.
After the British loss in the Great War, the Central Powers demanded that India be emancipated. The Justice Party was given the right to rule over the Madras Presidency and the Mysore and Hyderabad princely states in the south, while the Indian National Congress and Muslim League created a coalition government in the north.
The princes protested on Delhi's takeover of the entire region and demanded that their kingdoms be granted sovereignty. While the Muslim princes were generally content with Jinnah's policies as the Muslim aristocracy generally supported Jinnah's party, it took a while for the non-Muslim princes to be convinced into joining the Federation. They were eventually convinced as Nehru's grandfather himself was a high-ranking Mughal official in Delhi.
The nation is divided into several agencies and republics, with the latter system being modeled after that of the Arab Federation. The republics are self-governing but eventually report to the central government. Each republic represents an amount of seats in the Legislative Assembly. The agencies are self-governing federations of princely states with partial supervision from an agent of the Central Government. Each prince is a member of the Chamber of Princes,who elect the Princely Chancellor, representative of the princes and Head of State. The president is elected by the Lok Sabha, the lower house of parliament, while the Prime Minister is elected by the people.
There are seven republics.-
- Agra and Awadh
- Madhya Pradesh
- North-West Frontier Union
- Bihar and Bhojpur
There are four agencies-
- Patiala,Bahawalpur and Punjab
- Malwa and Gwalior
Some Princely States are independent of both agencies and republics,while some are incorporated into republics.