- Ideas and proposals and development of Cromwell the Great
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- See Kingdom of Louisiana idea proposal of The History Nerd in talk page of Louisiana.
To do list
- Colonial North America
Ireland (Settlement and problem) and Act of Union (legal incorporation of Ireland into the Commonwealth) Lord Presidents of the Provinces of Ireland Prince Rupert??? Charter companies.
- British and French India
- Brainstorming. Development and history of British North American colonies: New England, Maryland, Virginia, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Quebec, Borealia, Ohio and Tennessee). See America (Cromwell the Great)
- South American National Independence and Liberation Wars.
Symbols of Power
Ideas for symbols of office (commonwealth mace, civic crown, sash?, and what other republican regalia or symbols?)
The installation of the Lord Protector: A robe of purple velvet lined with ermine, a Sword of state and a Scepter, and the Bible, sitting in the "Coronation Chair" or "King Edward's Chair." (source)
Other names of countries, place, etc.
Ἀπόγονοι τοῦ σοφοῦ καὶ φιλανθρώπου ἔθνους τῶν Ἑλλήνων, σύγχρονοι τῶν νῦν πεφωτισμένων καὶ εὐνομουμένων λαῶν τῆς Εὐρώπης καὶ θεαταὶ τῶν καλῶν, τὰ ὁποία οὗτοι ὑπὸ τὴν ἀδιάρρηκτον τῶν νόμων αἰγίδα ἀπολαμβάνουσιν, ἦτον ἀδύνατον πλέον νὰ ὑποφέρωμεν μέχρις ἀναλγησίας καὶ εὐηθείας τὴν σκληρὰν τοῦ ὀθωμανικοῦ κράτους μάστιγα, (...)The Fall of Constantinople in 1453 and the subsequent collapse of the successor states of the Byzantine Empire marked the end of Byzantine sovereignty. After that, the Ottoman Empire ruled the Balkans and Anatolia, with the exception of the mountainous districts. Orthodox Christians were granted some political rights under Ottoman rule, but they were considered subjects of lower status. The majority of Greeks were called Rayah by the Turks, a name that referred to the large mass of non-Muslim subjects under the Ottoman ruling class.
(Greek Declaration of Independence)
Meanwhile, Greek intellectuals and humanists, who had migrated west before or during the Ottoman invasions, called for the liberation of their homeland. However, Greece was to remain under Ottoman rule for several more centuries.
Numerous failed attempts at regaining independence took place throughout the history of the Ottoman era. Throughout the 17th century there was great resistance to the Ottomans in the Morea and elsewhere. After the Morean War, the Peloponnese came under Venetian rule for 30 years, and remained in turmoil from then on and throughout the 17th century, as the bands of klephts (brigands) multiplied.
The initial revolts that led to the Greek War of Independence or Greek Revolution were organized by the Filiki Eteria. This secret society was founded with the aim of liberating Greece from the Ottoman yoke. The Filiki Eteria planned to launch revolts in the Peloponnese, the Danubian Principalities, and in Istambul and its surrounding areas.
In the first stages of the uprisings against Ottoman Empire rule various areas elected their own regional governing councils. From these several Greek States were established. Of these the most important was the one in the Peloponnese, that became the present Hellenic Republic.
The Greeks were assisted by France and Russia, while the Ottomans were aided by the other Great Powers (Commonwealth and Austria) as a matter of keeping its territorial integrity. However the Aegan Crisis, as it was know in European diplomatic circles the Greek War of Independence (1827-1833). disturbed the balance of power in the Balkans and Greece. This crisis had the European powers wrangle in negotiations.
However, in 1832 a the Russian shipconvoy of supplies and amunitions was attacked by the War Navy of the Three Nations, leading to the declaration of war between Russia and the Three Nations. France in help of the Three Nations engaged in blocked of Russia in the Black Sea and sent and expeditionary force to Morea in order to the Greeks.
The Treaty of Rome
On 1833, the ambassadors of the Commonwealth, Austria, Russia, Italy and France met on the island of Poros and prepared a protocol, which provided for the creation of an autonomous state, whose existence should be confirmed by a firman (royal mandate or decree) of the Ottoman Sultan. The negociations of the Treaty of Rome created and independant Greek State and also provided for a series autonmous protectorates under Ottoman and European supervision.
Greece, officially the Hellenic Republic, historically also known as Hellas, is a country on the southern tip of the Balkan peninsula of Europe.
The revolts in the Peloponnese, organized by the Filiki Eteria started the Greek War of Independence (1827-1833) and were the only successful territories liberated from the Ottoman State. Delegates of the regional council meet in Nafplio and assembled in the first National Assembly. Its members declared the independence, established Nafplio as the provisional capital of the provisional government with Athens being declared the official capital until its liberation.
Greece features vast number of islands (approximately 1400, of which 227 are inhabited), including Cyprus (9,251 sq km), Crete (8,336 sq km), the Dodecanese (2,714 sq km), the Cyclades (2,572 sq km), and the Ionian Islands (2,307 sq km) among others.
Administratively, since its first provisional government, the Hellenic Republic is divided in prefectures and municipalities.
- President of the Provisional Administration of Greece 1827-1827
- President of the Executive Council 1827-1830
- Governor of Greece 1830-1834
- President of the Republic 1834
- Minister-President 1834
La Repubblica delle Sette Isole Unite è una, ed Aristocratica.The Septinsular Republic was republic of the Ionian Islands (or Heptanese). It was a protectorate of the Ottoman Empire under the protection of Russia, France and Britannia.
As all things associated to Greece and the Ottoman State it was part of a compromise, like the one of Crete between the Great Powers (Russia, France and Britannia) that attempted to cancel any possible advantage of any of the three powers, weed out Russian influence in the Balkans and Aegean Sea, stop the French wave of republicanism and hold the strategic interests of Britannia. Its stated purpose was to reconcile the interests of Greek patriots' indepencence and Ottoman territorial integrity. It keep the Ionian Islands as fictional territory of the Ottoman Empire but largely independent under the protection of the Three Powers.
As the consensus of this age it was subject to the informal alliances of the Great Powers of the Congress System. Howevert it fell thru when France the upper hand.
The Septinsular Republic was not integrated to the Greek Republic until the Treaty of Rome, following a referendum that overwhelmingly voted in favor of the union.
The seven major Ionian islands constituting the Republic, from north to south, were:
- Paxi (Paxos)
- Lefkada (Leucada/Santa Maura)
- Zakynthos (Zante)
- Kythira (Cythera/Cerigo)
These islands were administratively organized in three departments: Corfu (Corfu and Paxi), Ithaca (Ithaca, Kefalonia and Lefkada,) and Aegean Sea (Zakynthos and Kythira)
The Cretan State was established in 1833, following the intervention by the Great Powers (Britain, France, Italy and Russia) on the island of Crete.
In 1828, the insurrection in Crete supporting the the incipient Hellenic Republic led the Ottoman Empire to declare war, which led Britain, France, Italy and Russia to intervene on the grounds that the Ottoman Empire could no longer maintain control of its Balkan and Aegan territories. As part of the arregements of the Treaty of Rome, Crete became an autonomous protectorate of the Ottoman Empire under the protection of Britannia, France, Italian Republic and Russia.
Greek War of Independence in Crete was mildly successful but the Great Powers left the island out of the Hellenic Republic as part of a compromise between France and the Commonwealth in order to keep Russia out of the region and weaken its influence.
The Treaty of Istanbul, that led to the union of the Septinsular Republic with Greece was the prelude of the island's final annexation to the Hellenic Republic, which occurred de facto in 19XX and de jure in 19XX.
|Nafplio -> Athens||1827|
|Septinsular Republic||Autonomous republic. Protectorate of the Ottoman Empire.
|Corfu||1833-18XX||Annexed by the Hellenic Republic|
|Cretan State||Autonomous republic. Protectorate of the Ottoman Empire.
|Chania||1833-18XX||Annexed by the Hellenic Republic|
|Rhodes||1830-1820, 18XX||Briefly independent. Reoccupied by Ottoman State. Annexed by the Hellenic Republic|
|Principality of Salonika||Constitutional monarchy
|Thessaloniki||1833-1846||Annexed by the Hellenic Republic|
|Ioannina||1829-1830, 18XX||Briefly independent. Reoccupied by Ottoman State. Annexed by the Hellenic Republic|
|Amaseia->Trebizond||1827-1830||Briefly independent. Reoccupied by Ottoman State.|
|Free State of Ionia||Republic
|Smyrna (Izmir)||1829-1829||Briefly independent. Reoccupied by Ottoman State.|
Successor states of the Commonwealth of the Three Nations
|Flag||Coat of Arms||Country||Regime||Capital||Established||Notes|
|Poland||Republic||Warsaw||1830 to date||Former member of the Polish–Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth|
|Lithuania||Republic||Vilnius||1830 to date||Former member of the Polish–Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth|
|Ruthenia||Republic||Lviv||1830 to date||Former member of the Polish–Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth|
|Belarus||Republic||Minsk||1830 to date||Former member of the Polish–Lithuanian-Ruthenian Commonwealth|
Great Eastern War
Poland (Polish: Polska), is a country located in Central Europe.
Lithuania (Lithuanian: Lietuva) is a country in the Baltic region of Europe.
Ruthenian (Ruthenian: Руское, Ukrainian: Руте́нія, Belorusian: Рутэнія), is a country located in Central Europe.
Belarus (Belorusian: Беларусь, Ukrainian: Білорусь, Russian: Белоруссия), is a country of Eastern Europe.