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Federal Union of India
Bhārat Sanghēy Sangh
Flag of India.svg Emblem of India.svg
Coat of arms
Motto: 
Satyameva Jayate (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"
Anthem: 
"Jana Gana Mana"
"Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"
CapitalNew Delhi
Largest Mumbai
Official languages English • Hindi • Urdu • Bangla • Burmese
Demonym Indian
Government Federal parliamentary constitutional republic
 -  President Pranab Mukherjee
 -  Vice President Mohammad Hamid Ansari
 -  Federal Chancellors Narendra Modi (Hindustan)
Syed Khurshid Ahmed Shah (Pakistan)
Sheikh Hasina (Bangladesh)
Aung San Suu Kyi (Burma)
Ranil Wickremesinghe (Ceylon)
 -  Chief Justice Jagdish Singh Khehar
 -  Speaker of the Council of the People Sumitra Mahajan
Legislature Parliament of India
 -  Upper house Council of the Union
 -  Lower house Council of the People
Independence from Cygnia 
 -  Dominion 15 August 1948 
 -  Indian Civil War 1948 – 1956 
 -  Bangkok Compromise 23 October 1956 
 -  Constitution adopted 19 January 1957 
Area
 -  Total 4,903,312 km2 
1,893,179 sq mi 
Population
 -  2016 estimate 1,715,496,538 
 -  Density 349.86/km2 
906.1/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2016 estimate
 -  Total § 13.727 trillion 
 -  Per capita § 8,002 
GDP (nominal) 2016 estimate
 -  Total § 7.917 trillion 
 -  Per capita § 4,615 
Gini (2016) 35.1
medium 
HDI (2016) 0.609
medium 
Currency Indian rupee (₹) (RUP)
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
Date formats DD-MM-YYYY
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .in
Calling code +91

India, officially the Federal Union of India (Bhārat Sanghēy Sangh), is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, and at over 1.7 billion people is the most populous country in the world. It is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast. It shares land borders with Afghanistan to the west, Bhutan, China and Nepal to the northeast, and Siam to the east. India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Cygnia.

Home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation and a region of historic trade routes and vast empires, the Indian subcontinent was identified with its commercial and cultural wealth for much of its long history. Four religions – Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism and Sikhism – originated in India, whereas Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam arrived in the first millennium CE, and they also played a part in shaping the region's diverse culture. Gradually annexed and brought under the administration of the Cygnian East India Company from the early 18th century and administered directly by the Empire of Cygnia after the Indian Rebellion of 1857, it became an independent nation after the Indian Civil War, which was brought to an end by a tripartite agreement signed in Bangkok in 1956.

In 2015, the Indian economy was the world's seventh largest by nominal GDP and third largest by purchasing power parity. Following market-based economic reforms in 1991, India became one of the fastest-growing major economies and is considered a newly industrialised country. However, it continues to face the challenges of poverty, corruption, malnutrition, and inadequate public healthcare. A nuclear weapons state and regional power, it has the third largest standing army in the world and ranks sixth in military expenditure among nations. India is a federal constitutional republic governed under a parliamentary system and consists of 5 federal regions – Hindustan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma and Ceylon – within which are in total 59 states and 7 union territories. It is a pluralistic, multilingual and multi-ethnic society and is also home to a diversity of wildlife and a variety of protected habitats.

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