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The indigenous peoples of Antarctica are those peoples who inhabited Antarctica prior to first contact with Europe in 1820. The two groups who initially colonized the continent were the Ognian peoples in the west and the Maori people in the east.
Bellinsgauzenia was traditionally the home of many K'atharic peoples, though since the arrival of Europeans, most have died through disease or war; and many more have relocated to Ognia. The remaining AIPs have not been "reservationised" by the Government, and are treated the same as citizens of other ethnic backgrounds. Most Bellinsgauzenian AIPs live in rural, coastal communities where they are the majority ethnic group; though there are also AIP communities in major cities, especially Murdograd.
The proportion of AIPs (all of whom are Kilaiye) in Eduarda is relatively small, though there are significant populations in the south and west. As with the First Nations in Canada, most AIPs were given Reserves in the 19th Century; and conditions on these Reserves are generally much better than Reservations in other Antarctic Nations. Due to their small population relative to other ethnic groups in Eduarda, AIPs do not have much effect on the society.
The situation of AIPs in Maudland is very similar to that in Eduarda. The majority of AIPs in Maudland live in the Southeast of the country, and all are of the Kilaiye ethnicity. Though they were never "reservationised", almost all of them live in Municipalities where they are the dominant ethnic group; which they often run the same way as a Reservation would be run in other countries.
AIPs have traditionally lived across New Devon, except for the far East, which was a part of the Virgin Country. Other than small K'atharan communities in the South, and a large Tucamba region in Central New Devon, all AIPs in the country are Kilaiye. While under British control, these AIPs were placed on Reserves, but most Devonians were critical of this system, and when the country became independent in 1990, the Reserves were abolished. New Devon now treats its AIP population the same as citizens of other ethnic backgrounds.
Though there was formerly a small Kilaiye community in New Swabia, most emigrated away following the election of the National Socialist party in 1939. Today, only a few hundred remain in New Swabia, all in the extreme South.
The Republic of Ognia is the only country in Antarctica which is AIP-majority. As the successor to the Kingdom of K'athar, it has historically only had small proportions of non-AIP citizens. This, combined with all of the AIPs who have emigrated to Ognia in recent years, has made it the largest AIP population centre by far.
Like Byrdia, Rossland has a large population of K'atharic peoples, both K'atharan and Ognian. These have never been placed on reservations, as Rossland followed the lead of New Zealand's treatment of the Maori. Though the Rossland government was not as militant as others about the treatment of AIPs, the conditions for Indigenous Rosslanders were still fairly poor. In recent years, AIPs have become much more prominent in the country, and most now believe that they are on equal footing with Whites.
Rossland is also the home of the Hukahunga People, a Polynesian ethnic group descended from seafarers from the Pacific in around the 16th Century. Due to their close relationship with the Maori, they are generally supportive of Rossland's close relationship with New Zealand.