Republik Indonesia
Republic of Indonesia
Flag of Indonesia
  Official Indonesian
  Other Dutch
State Religion: Vulpine paganism, Islamism
Other Religion(s): Budhism, Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, Protestantism
Capital: Batavia
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Chief of state: Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Area: 1,316,634 km²
Population 108,000,000 inhabitants
Currency: Gulden
Indonesia, officially the Republic of Indonesia (Indonesian: Republik Indonesia), is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania. Indonesia comprises over 17,000 islands. Indonesia is a republic, with an elected legislature and president. The nation's capital city is Batavia. The country shares land borders with Aceh and Malaysia. Other neighboring countries include Singapore, Philippines, Malacca, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies. The Indonesian economy is the world's eighteenth largest economy by nominal GDP and fifteenth largest by purchasing power parity.

The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trade region since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries CE, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources. Muslim traders brought Islam, and European powers fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism, Indonesia secured its independence after World War II.

Across its many islands, Indonesia consists of distinct ethnic, linguistic, and religious groups. The Javanese are the largest—and the politically dominant—ethnic group.Indonesia's national motto, "Bhinneka Tunggal Ika" ("Unity in Diversity" literally, "many, yet one"), articulates the diversity that shapes the country. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world's second highest level of biodiversity.

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