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Ireland
Éire
Timeline: Cherry, Plum, and Chrysanthemum

OTL equivalent: Republic of Ireland
Flag Coat of Arms
Flag Coat of Arms
Anthem "Amhrán na bhFiann"
Capital
(and largest city)
Dublin
Language Irish; English
Religion Christianity; Irreligion
Ethnic Group Irish
Demonym Irish
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic
  legislature Oireachtas of Ireland
President Michael D. Higgins
Taoiseach Micheál Martin
Population 4,588,252 
Established April 24, 1916
Independence from the United Kingdom
  declared December 6, 1922
Currency Irish pound
Time Zone WET (UTC)
  summer IST (UTC+1)
Calling Code +353
Internet TLD .ie

Ireland (Irish: Éire) is a sovereign state in Western Europe occupying about five-sixths of the island of Ireland. It is a unitary parliamentary republic. The capital is Dublin in the east of the island. The state shares its only land border with Northern Ireland, a part of the United Kingdom. It is otherwise surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the Celtic Sea to the south, Saint George's Channel to the south east, and the Irish Sea to the east.

The modern Irish state gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1922 following a war of independence resulting in the Anglo-Irish Treaty, with Northern Ireland exercising an option to remain in the United Kingdom. Initially a dominion within the British Empire called the Irish Free State, a new constitution and the name of "Ireland" were adopted in 1937.

Ireland remained neutral during World War II, a period it described as The Emergency. The link with the monarchy ceased with the passage of the Republic of Ireland Act 1948, which came into force on April 18, 1949 and declared that the state was a republic. Ireland joined the United Nations in December 1955, after the lengthy veto both by the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union.

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