Alternative History
יִשְׂרָאֵל, إِسْرَائِيلُ(State of Israel)
Flag of israel medinat
Capital Jerusalem (307,143 inh)
Largest City Tel Aviv (3,787,740 inh)
Official language Hebrew and Arabic
Government Type Parliamentary Democracy
Population 7, 282, 000
GDP PPP 2007 $ 188, 000 billion (52nd)
GDP Nominal $ 164, 000 billion (48th)
HDI rank 23th
HDI category high
Area 92,980 km2
President Shimon Peres
Establishment 1948
Administrative Divisions 9 administrative division
Currency Israeli New Shequel ₪
Religions judaism and islam
Armed Forces 100, 000 men

Israel (Hebrew: יִשְׂרָאֵל‎, Yisra'el; Arabic: إِسْرَائِيلُ‎, Isrā'īl) officially the State of Israel ( מְדִינַת יִשְׂרָאֵל , Medinat Yisra'el; Arabic: دَوْلَةُ إِسْرَائِيلَ‎, Dawlat Isrā'īl), is a country in the Middle East located on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea. It borders Muslim Confederation in the northeast, in the east and in the south; and Egypt on the southwest, and contains geographically diverse features within its relatively small area. Israel is the world's only Jewish state, with a population of about 7.37 million, of whom about 5.57 million are Jewish. It is also home to other ethnic groups, including most numerously Arab citizens of Israel, as well as many religious groups including Muslims, Christians, Druze, Samaritans and others.

The modern state of Israel has its roots in the Land of Israel (Eretz Yisrael), a concept central to Judaism since ancient times, and the heartland of the ancient kingdoms of Israel and Judah. After World War I, the League of Nations approved the British Mandate of Palestine with the intent of creating a "national home for the Jewish people." In 1947, the United Nations approved the partition of Palestine into two states, one Jewish and one Arab. On May 14, 1948 the state of Israel declared independence and this was followed by a war with the surrounding Arab states, which refused to accept the plan. The Israelis were subsequently victorious in a series of wars confirming their independence and expanding the borders of the Jewish state beyond those in the UN Partition Plan; Lebanon, the peninsula of the sinaí and the rest of palestine, this was posible thanks to the American-Aztec support. Since then, Israel has been in conflict with the Muslim Confederation, resulting in several major wars and decades of violence that continue to this day. Since its foundation, Israel's boundaries and the State's right to exist have been subject to dispute, especially among its Arab neighbors and their many Palestinian refugees. Israel has signed peace treaties with Egypt, though efforts for a long-lasting peace with the Palestinians have so far been unsuccessful.

Israel is a representative democracy with a parliamentary system and universal suffrage. The Prime Minister serves as head of government and the Knesset serves as Israel's legislative body. In terms of nominal gross domestic product, the nation's economy is estimated as being the 48th-largest in the world. Israel ranks highest among Middle Eastern countries on the bases of human development, freedom of the press, and economic competitiveness. Jerusalem is the country's capital, seat of government, while Israel's main financial center is Tel Aviv.