An alternate timeline by Althistorian 2005.￼
What if Israel, with the help of the US and the UK, had continued the Arab-Israeli War in 1948?
1945: World War 2 ends, beginning a period of massive decolonization.
1946: In East Asia, the First Indochina War begins between French Indochina and local Vietnamese rebels.
1948: British Palestine gains independence. However, despite the previous arrangements planned by the British, the Arabs decide to forcibly create an Arab state in the former mandate. The Arab League decides to help the Palestinian Arabs, starting the Arab-Israeli War. With Anglo-American support, and a shipment of weapons from Czechoslovakia, the Israelis manage to repel the Arab attack and eventually field a larger army than them. However, with the advantage in their hands, the Israelis decide to go on the offensive and ask their American allies to prevent UN intervention. Meanwhile, back in Europe, the Berlin Blockade starts, starting the Cold War between the capitalist bloc, led by the US, and the communist bloc, led by the Soviet Union.
1949: The IDF, now the Israeli Army, marches into OTL Sinai, West Bank, and Gaza Strip. Facing complete defeat and Israeli occupation, Egypt eventually agrees to sign an armistice on 27 September. Israel is given control over the Sinai Peninsula, the OTL Gaza Strip, and even the Suez Canal. Lebanon soon follows suit, signing an armistice on 21 October, causing the withdrawal of Israeli troops from all Israeli-occupied Lebanese territory, including Beirut, the Lebanese capital, which is then being besieged by the Israeli Army. Jordan then signs another armistice on 7 December, releasing Amman from Israeli siege and near-certain capture. Meanwhile, the Berlin Blockade is ended and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) is created by the US, Canada, and various West European capitalist countries, including the UK.
1950: Syria, despite all the separate armistices signed with Israel by his allies, evacuates his government to Aleppo and allows Damascus to fall, swearing to someday liberate it from Israeli occupation. However, pressure from the US and the UK force the Syrian government to sign a ceasefire, handing over sovereignty of the OTL Golan Heights to Israel. This finally ends the Arab-Israeli War, but not the overall Arab-Israeli conflict. With the new State of Israel emerging as an American ally, the Soviet Union begins supporting the Arabs in any way possible, hoping to get control of Middle Eastern oil reserves. The US responds by trying to improve relations with Saudi Arabia and to mediate relations between Saudi Arabia and Israel. Meanwhile, the Korean War starts in East Asia.
1953: The Korean War ends.
1954: The First Indochina War ends, with Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam gaining independence.
1955: When West Germany is allowed to join NATO, the Soviet Union responds by creating the Warsaw Pact out of Soviet East European communist puppets. Soviet support of the Arab states is also stepped up in the hope that they will turn communist. However, due to American friendliness in the last 5 years, Saudi Arabia refuses Soviet assistance and turns to America for further Saudi-Israeli mediation. But other Arab states decide to continue their dependence on the Soviet Union. Meanwhile, the Second Indochina War (better known as the Vietnam War) begins in former French Indochina.
1956: The Egyptian President, Gamal Abdel Nasser, attempts to regain control of the Suez Canal from Israel. The attack fails badly as Israeli troops soon find themselves marching straight into Cairo while the Israeli navy, with NATO support, takes control of the Nile River. Nasser is allowed to remain the president of Egypt, but several reforms are made, sufficiently weakening Nasser so that he never tries to take back control of the Suez Canal ever again.
1958: The 14 July Revolution occurs in Iraq, deposing the Hashemite royal family, which continues ruling in Jordan, but Abd al-Karim Qasim, the leader of the revolution, preserves Soviet-Iraqi and Iraqi-Jordanian relations.
1959: The Soviet-dependent Arab states agree, mostly due to the Soviet Union threatening to cut off supplies, to unite and form the Union of Arab Socialist Republics (UASR). The Hashemites, now deposed in yet another country, is allowed to stay in the UASR as long as they don't cause trouble.
The UASR consists of:
- Iraqi ASR (formerly Iraq)
- Syrian ASR (formerly Syria)
- Jordanian ASR (formerly Jordan)
- Egyptian ASR (formerly Egypt)
The new power soon attempts to destroy Israel once and for all, starting the Levant War, essentially another proxy war between the US and Soviet Union within the Cold War, like the Vietnam War or the Korean War.
1960: The UASR attacks Israel from both sides, managing to occupy the Golan Heights and the Sinai Peninsula. However, the Israeli Army manages to set up a rigid defense line along the former borders of British Palestine, and the Israeli navy manages to secure the coasts, allowing for American reinforcements to constantly flow in, strengthening the Israeli defense while the UASR proves to be shaky and unstable. Meanwhile, the U-2 incident nearly causes a Third World War.
1961: Israel decides to go on the offensive, once again liberating the Sinai Peninsula and the Golan Heights. Amman, the capital of the Jordanian ASR, is sieged once again, but Israeli troops fail to cross the Suez Canal.
1962: With the upper hand in its grasp, Israel launches another offensive to capture Amman and the Suez Canal. The Israeli Army then lands at Ismalia in the doomed Egyptian ASR while the short-lived Jordanian ASR surrenders to Israeli forces, agreeing to regain independence as an Israeli ally. They then restore the Jordanian Hashemite monarchy. Israeli-Jordanian forces then attack Syrian forces, surrounding them around Damascus. After the surrounded bulk of the Syrian army surrenders, the Syrian ASR agrees to sign an armistice and regains independence as neutral Syria. Seeing no hope in continuing in the war, the Egyptian ASR surrenders to Israeli-Jordanian forces and allow them to march victorious into Cairo, the UASR's capital. However, the Iraqi ASR, now a rump state of the UASR, still refuses to surrender. Meanwhile, in October, the Cuban Missile Crisis nearly almost leads to World War 3. However, US President Kennedy and Soviet premier Khrushchev manage to cool the crisis despite the ongoing Levant and Vietnam Wars.
1963: As Israeli-Jordanian forces close in on Baghdad, the Arab government collapses as the Kurdish ethnic minority rebels in northeast Iraq. Jordan is allowed to annex all of Iraq, effectively restoring the Hashemite monarchy there too, while Israel reestablishes control over pre-war territory, also restoring Egyptian independence while Kurdish rebels begin talks with the Jordanian government to retain independence. Meanwhile, President Kennedy is assassinated in Dallas, Texas.
1964: Kurdistan gains independence as an Israeli-Jordanian ally, leading Saudi Arabia to strengthen ties with them. A formal alliance similar to NATO is then proposed.
1966: Following some negotiations, the Middle Eastern Treaty Organisation (METO) is created by Israel, Jordan, Kurdistan, and Saudi Arabia. Lebanon later joins METO as well.
1967: Syria and Kuwait decide to join METO.
1968: Egypt is persuaded to join METO. Also, Kurdistan buys Kurdish ethnic lands from Turkey and from Syria, a massive but popular purchase which almost bankrupts the Kurdish government. The Kurdish Diaspora then begins flocking to Kurdistan en masse.
1973: With public opinion overwhelmingly against the Vietnam War, US President Richard Nixon completely ends US involvement in it. Within two years, South Vietnam falls to communist North Vietnam.
1978-9: The Iranian Revolution begins, overthrowing the Persian Shah and establishing an Islamic Republic with Ayatollah Khomeini as its leader. Persia is also renamed Iran and gets a new flag.
1979: The Soviet-Afghan War starts.
1980: Seeing the new Islamic Republic as a threat to their survival, METO unanimously agrees to begin the Persian War, with the aim of restoring the Shah's government, although under his son, as the Shah himself dies in exile at Egypt on 27 July that same year.
1981: Pakistan enters the war to support his fellow Sunni Muslims, putting Iran in an even worse position as METO troops approach Tehran.
1982: Despite the fall of Tehran, Khomeini announces that he will fight to the end. Then, India unexpectedly attacks Pakistan while they're focused on Iran, starting the Fourth Indo-Pakistani War.
1983: Khomeini and his followers are defeated, Khomeini is executed, and Kurdish ethnic lands are ceded to Kurdistan. The new Shah is crowned, Iran is renamed Persia, the old flag is restored, and the Persian War ends. The UN then tries brokering a ceasefire for the Fourth Indo-Pakistani War and succeeds as before. The reestablished Pahlavi dynasty also joins METO.
1985: Bahrain, Qatar, and the UAE agree to join METO.
1986: Oman and North Yemen join METO, putting an end to any vestige of Soviet hopes to establish any sort of foothold in the Middle East.
1989: The Warsaw Pact begins collapsing due to various coups and revolutions.
1990: The three Baltic SSRs declare independence from the Soviet Union as Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, beginning the collapse of the USSR. South Yemen also reunites with North Yemen to form Yemen, which remains in METO.
1991: The Soviet Union is officially dissolved, ending the Cold War. Yugoslavia then begins breaking up into various successor states, beginning the Yugoslav Wars.
1993: Süleyman Demirel is elected President of Turkey, which later leaves NATO to join METO.
2001: After 10 years, 7 months, 1 week, 5 days and lots of massive economic damage, the Yugoslav Wars finally end. METO also celebrates its 35th anniversary.
2008: Barack Hussein Obama, Jr. is elected President of the United States.
2014: Russia invades Crimea.