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The Japanese Civil War was fought for nearly six years between the Imperial Government and communists in Japan.
|Japanese Civil War|
|Part of the Second Interwar period|
|Empire of Japan|| Japanese Communist Party
United Socialist Republics of America (until 1953)
|Commanders and leaders|
| Sanzō Nosaka
|Casualties and losses|
Following the end of World War 2 in 1945, tensions between the Japanese people and their emperor began to surface. The Japanese Communist Party began to gain influence with the people, and was funded by America. On October 8, 1947, Emperor Hirohito was captured and promptly executed by communists, beginning the civil war.
Outbreak of war
Following the emperor's death, his son Akihito was made emperor of Japan, though in reality, Empress Nagako was in control of the Empire. The Japanese military was then sent to execute communists. The Japanese Communist Party fought back, forming the Japanese People's Army, with Kyoto serving as the military's headquarters. The American Navy was sent to capture Tokyo, but failed. The Japanese People's Army quickly invaded the south, capturing Shikoku and Kyushu by November of 1948. Western Honshu was captured by communist forces, while Eastern Honshu remained under imperial control. America, however, gave far more support for communist revolutionaries. A communist revolt succeeding in Hokkaido, leading to an invasion Northern Honshu. With defeat inevitable, the Japanese Royal Family fled to Korea. Remaining imperial forces were defeated on September 1, 1953. Although a peace treaty was never signed, fighting between the two forces ended, bringing an end to the war.
With the fall of the Japanese Empire, Nagako declared the Chrysanthemum Throne abolished and Korea to be independent from Japan, creating South Korea. Nosaka proclaimed the the founding of the "People's Republic of Japan", with Tokyo as its capital. Despite intending to join America in the "Permanent Revolution", Nosaka and his government's relationship with America deteriorated with 1953 American coup d'état and growing ideological differences between the two countries.