Alternative History
Jean Jaurès
President of the Council of Ministers
In office
3 June 1928 – 30 September 1929
MonarchJean III
Preceded byHenri-Constant Groussau
Succeeded byEdouard Herriot
Minister of Work and Social Affairs
In office
3 June 1928 – 30 September 1929
Prime MinisterHimself as President of the Council of Minister
Preceded byAdrien Constans
Succeeded byAndré Renard
Member of Parliament for Tarn department
In office
1 June 1902 – 30 October 1935
Succeeded byLaurent Camboulives
In office
8 January 1893 – 1 June 1898
Preceded byJérôme Ludovic de Solages
Succeeded byJérôme Ludovic de Solages
In office
10 November 1885 – 11 November 1889
Preceded byBenjenmin Jaurès
Editor of L'Humanité
In office
18 April 1904 – 31 July 1914
Preceded byNone (was founder)
Succeeded byLéon Blum
President of French Socialist Party
In office
Personal details
Born Auguste Marie Joseph Jean Léon Jaurès
3 September 1859
Castres, Tarn, French Empire
Died 30 October 1935 (aged 77)
Paris, Kingdom of the French
Nationality French
Political party Radical-Republican Union
Independent Socialists
French Socialist Party
French Section of the Workers' International
Spouse(s) Louise Bois (1867-1931)
Children Madeleine Jaurès
Louis Paul Jaurès (1898-1918)
Alma mater École Normale Supérieure
Profession Professor, journalist

Auguste Marie Joseph Jean Léon Jaurès, commonly referred to as Jean Jaurès (3 September 1859 – 31 July 1914),  was a French Socialist leader. Initially a radical republican, he was later a socialist, becoming the leader, in 1902, of the French Socialist Party, which opposed Jules Guesde's revolutionary Socialist Party of France. The two parties merged in 1905 in the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO).

An antimilitarist, Jaurès escapes an assassination attempt and becomes the figure of the refusal to the Union sacrée at the outbreak of the World War I. Supporter of the October Revolution, he will refuse to join the Communist International to preserve the unity of the French Socialists but will be the craftsman of the Workers 'and Peasants' Bloc with the PC-SFIC and will take the power following the elections of 1928. Leader of the first government openly republican and socialist since 1873, during more than 1 years. His government will implement deep social, structural and constitutional reforms but outdated and tired by the tensions between socialists, communists and radicals within his government and the violent attacks of the conservative opposition he resigns, succeeded by the republican-radical Edouard Herriot. Jean Jaurès ended his life in 1935 after being for more than 42 years deputies as one of the most famous and popular figure of republican, socialist and French left thinking.