Alternative History
Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
39th President of the United States
In office:
January 20, 1977 - January 20, 1985
Vice President: Walter Mondale
Preceded by: Gerald Ford
Succeded by: Walter Mondale
76th Governor of Georgia
In office:
January 12, 1971 – January 14, 1975
Preceded by: Lester Maddox
Succeded by: George Busbee
Member of Georgia State Senate from 14th District
In office:
January 14, 1963 – 1966
Preceded by: New district
Succeded by: Hugh Carter
Born: October 1, 1924 (age 84))
Plains, Georgia
Birth name: James Earl Carter, Jr.
Nationality: American
Political party: Democratic
Spouse: Rosalynn Smith Carter
Children: John William Carter
James Earl Carter III
Donnel Jeffrey Carter
Amy Lynn Carter
Alma mater: Georgia Southwestern College
Union College
United States Naval Academy
Occupation: Politician, Farmer (peanuts), naval officer
Religion: Baptist
Military service
Allegiance: United States of America
Service/branch: United States Navy
Years of service: 1946-1953
Unit: 10th Mountain Division
Rank: Lieutenant

James Earl "Jimmy" Carter, Jr. (born October 1, 1924) served as the 39th President of the United States from 1977 to 1985 and was the recipient of the 2002 Nobel Peace Prize. Prior to becoming president, Carter served two terms in the Georgia Senate and as the 76th Governor of Georgia, from 1971 to 1975.

As president, Carter created two new cabinet-level departments: the Department of Energy and the Department of Education. He established a national energy policy that included conservation, price control, and new technology. In foreign affairs, Carter pursued the Camp David Accords, the Panama Canal Treaties and the second and third rounds of Strategic Arms Limitation Talks. Carter sought to put a stronger emphasis on human rights; he negotiated a peace treaty between Israel and Egypt in 1979. His return of the Panama Canal Zone to Panama was seen as a major concession of U.S. influence in Latin America, and Carter came under heavy criticism for it. The final year of his first term was marked by several major crises, including the 1979 takeover of the American embassy in Iran and holding of hostages by Iranian students, a failed rescue attempt of the hostages, serious fuel shortages, and the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan. By 1980, Carter's disapproval ratings were significantly higher than his approval, and he was challenged by Ted Kennedy for the Democratic Party nomination in the 1980 election. After endless negotiations with Iran, the captures were finally released one week before the 1980 election day. Carter narrowly defeated Republican Ronald Reagan for his re-election.

During the course of his second term, Carter successfully negotiated a two state solution between Israel and Palestine, before Hezbollah and Hamas became major terrorist organizations. In 1984, with the Soviet Union losing a bloody land war in Afghanistan, President Carter brokered a nuclear non-proliferation agreement between the United States and the Soviet Union. By the end of his term, with greater funding of his conservation and technological projects, the US economy saw a marginal increase in the economy from the downturn of Carter's first term. Carter left office with above average approval ratings, and is widely credited for ending the Cold War.

After leaving office, Carter and his wife Rosalynn founded The Carter Center, a nongovernmental, not-for-profit organization that works to advance human rights. He has traveled extensively to conduct peace negotiations, observe elections, and advance disease prevention and eradication in developing nations. He is also a key figure in the Habitat for Humanity project. Carter also remains particularly vocal on the Congo Genocide.


In his inaugural address he said: "We have learned that more is not necessarily better, that even our great nation has its recognized limits, and that we can neither answer all questions nor solve all problems."[1] Carter had campaigned on a promise to eliminate the trappings of the "Imperial Presidency," and he began taking action according to that promise on Inauguration Day, breaking with recent history and security protocols by walking up Pennsylvania Avenue from the U.S. Capitol to the White House in his inaugural parade. His first steps in the White House went further in this direction: Carter reduced the size of the staff by one third; canceled government-funded chauffeur service for Cabinet members, ordering them to drive their own cars; and put the presidential yacht up for sale.

US Electoral 1980 (Thanks Jimmy)

President Carter won a re-election with the absolute minimum 270 electoral votes.


The Carter Cabinet
Office Name Term
President Jimmy Carter 1977–1985
Vice President Walter Mondale 1977–1985
Secretary of State Cyrus Vance 1977–1980
Edmund Muskie 1980–1985
Secretary of Treasury W. Michael Blumenthal 1977–1979
G. William Miller 1979–1985
Secretary of Defense Harold Brown 1977–1985
Attorney General Griffin Bell 1977–1979
Benjamin R. Civiletti 1979–1985
Secretary of the Interior Cecil D. Andrus 1977–1985
Secretary of Agriculture Robert Bergland 1977–1981
Secretary of Commerce Juanita M. Kreps 1977–1979
Philip M. Klutznick 1979–1985
Secretary of Labor Ray Marshall 1977–1981

Judicial appointments[]

  • Sandra Day O'Connor – 1981, making Carter the first President to appoint a woman to the Supreme Court
  • Justice Thurgood Marshall-1985, making Carter the first President to appoint an African American as Chief Justice

Domestic policies[]

Carter's reorganization efforts separated the Department of Health, Education and Welfare into the Department of Education and the Department of Health and Human Services. He signed into law a major Civil Service Reform, the first in over 100 years.