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The Honourable
Sir John Howard
OM KEC FEC
Image-Howard2003upr.jpg
37th Chancellor of Cygnia
In office
3 January 1997 – 3 January 2009
Monarch Elizabeth
Vice Chancellor Tim Fischer
John Anderson
Mark Vaile
Preceded by Paul Keating
Succeeded by Kevin Rudd
Treasurer of Cygnia
In office
19 November 1977 – 3 January 1985
Chancellor Malcolm Fraser
Preceded by Phillip Lynch
Succeeded by Paul Keating
1st Cygnian Trade Representative
In office
17 July 1977 – 20 December 1977
Chancellor Malcolm Fraser
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Victor Garland
Assistant Minister for Business and Consumer Affairs
In office
22 December 1975 – 17 July 1977
Chancellor Malcolm Fraser
Treasurer Phillip Lynch
Preceded by Bob Cotton
Succeeded by Wal Fife
Leader of the Opposition
In office
30 January 1995 – 3 January 1997
Chancellor Paul Keating
Deputy Peter Costello
Preceded by Alexander Downer
Succeeded by Kim Beazley
In office
3 January 1985 – 9 May 1989
Deputy Neil Brown
Andrew Peacock
Preceded by Andrew Peacock
Succeeded by Andrew Peacock
Leader of the National Party
In office
30 January 1995 – 29 November 2007
Deputy Peter Costello
Preceded by Alexander Downer
Succeeded by Brendan Nelson
In office
3 January 1985 – 9 May 1989
Preceded by Andrew Peacock
Succeeded by Andrew Peacock
Member of the Cygnian House of Representatives for Bennelong
In office
3 January 1973 – 3 January 2009
Preceded by John Cramer
Succeeded by Maxine McKew
Personal details
Born John Winston Howard
26 July 1939 (age 80)
Earlwood, New Albion,
Cygnia
Citizenship Cygnian
Political party National
Spouse(s) Janette Parker
Children 3
Alma mater University of Sydney
Profession Solicitor

Sir John Winston Howard, OM, KEC (born 26 July 1939), is a Cygnian former politician who served as the 37th Chancellor of Cygnia from 1997 to 2009. He is one of the longest serving chancellors in Cygnian history, having served longer than any chancellor since Robert Menzies, who was in office for 16 years. Howard was the leader of the National Party of Cygnia from 1985 to 1989 and from 1995 to 2007.

Born in Sydney, Howard was a solicitor at Clayton Utz before entering politics, having studied law at the University of Sydney. He became a member of the National Party in 1957, and served as president of the Young Nationals. He first stood for office at the 1968 New Albion state election, but lost narrowly. At the 1972 federal election, Howard was elected to the House seat of Division of Bennelong. He was promoted to cabinet in 1977, and later in the year replaced Phillip Lynch as Treasurer of Cygnia, remaining in that position until the defeat of Malcolm Fraser's government in 1984.

In 1985, Howard was elected leader of the National Party for the first time, replacing Andrew Peacock as Leader of the Opposition. He led the Nationals to the 1988 elections, but lost to Bob Hawke's Labour government, and was removed from the leadership in 1989. Remaining a key figure in the party, Howard was re-elected leader in 1995 (replacing Alexander Downer), and subsequently led the Nationals to victory at the 1996 federal elections.

After defeating Paul Keating's Labour government in 1996, the Howard Government was re-elected at the 2000, and 2004 elections. Howard's actions as chancellor included new gun laws (in response to the Port Arthur massacre), the introduction of a nationwide value-added tax, immigration reform, and industrial relations reform. Howard also launched the War in Afghanistan and the Iraq War. The Howard government was defeated at the 2008 federal elections, with Labour's Kevin Rudd succeeding him as chancellor. Howard also lost his own seat at the election, becoming the first chancellor to do so.

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