John Winston Ono Lennon (born 9th October, 1940) is a musician, activist on social issues and member of the Beatles, generally recognised as being the most successful band in history and notable for their fifteen year hiatus.
After a number of close calls with potential assassins, Lennon was instrumental in setting up a charitable response to the famine in Ethiopia in 1984. In 1985, he was granted an amnesty by the Prime Minister on his tax and drugs problems and moved back to England, initially to organise the Live Aid concert with Bob Geldof and Midge Ure, at which the Beatles famously reformed under the joke name Sergeant Pepper's Lonely Heart's Club Band. They went on to release a number of charity records before finally releasing new material in earnest.
Lennon was also responsible for starting the Plain White Movement of the second half of the first Caroline decade. With the Beatles, he was also a major influence on the music of the period, including bands such as the Plain White T's and the White Stripes. There was a strong tendency for bands to consist of all-male foursomes with two vocalists.
The career of the Beatles finally ended with the terminal illness of George Harrison in 2001.