John Wayne (America: Type Beta)
President john wayne.png
37th President of the United States
In office
January 20, 1969 – January 20, 1976
Vice President Harlen Nixon
Preceded by Harold S. Truman
Succeeded by Harlen Nixon
United States Senator
from California
In office
January 10, 1953 – January 10, 1965
Preceded by Earl Warren
Succeeded by David Lepsey Merriam
Personal details
Born May 23, 1907(1907-05-23)
Truro, Iowa
Died September 11, 1985(1985-09-11) (aged 78)
Los Angeles, California
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Josephine Alicia Saenz (m. 1932-1949), Camilla Cortisola (m. 1954-1985;his death)
Children Nathaniel Wayne (b. 1957), Clarisa Wayne (b. 1965)
Profession Actor, Director, Producer, TV Personality
Religion Roman Catholic convert from Presbyterian
Military service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army
Years of service 1939–1943
Rank US-O3 insignia Lieutenant
Battles/wars World War II
 • The Eurasian Campaign

John Wayne (born Marion Robert Morrison; May 23, 1907 – September 11, 1985), was the 37th President of the United States (1969–1977), the 31st Governor of California (1953-1965) and, prior to that, a well-regarded, widely known film and television actor. He epitomized rugged masculinity and became an enduring American icon. He is famous for his distinctive calm voice, walk, and height.

As president, Wayne implemented fast-acting and broad initiatives, to both the economy and the intergovernmental issues in that era. His supply-side economics no-nonsense policies, dubbed Westernomics, advocated reducing tax rates to spur economic growth, controlling the money supply to reduce inflation, and reducing government spending on programs long thought extinct. He was also known for his conservative political views and his support, beginning in the 1950s, for anti-communist positions. While boldly criticized by later historians for his dubious economic standards, he is highly regarded in his ability in re-establishing international ties with countries in Europe, and his candor in strengthening communities around the nation.

Wayne left office in 1977, amidst issues with the Middle East regarding the use of nuclear weapons. In 1981, the former president disclosed that he had been suffering from lung cancer; he died four years later at the age of 78. He ranks highly in historical rankings of public opinion polls of U.S. Presidents and is credited for generating an ideological renaissance on the American political right.

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