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July Revolution
Part of The Second American Revolution
Bonus army on Capitol lawn cph.3a00515
Bonus Army members camping on the lawn of the capital
Date July 28, 1932
Location
Result Bonus Army victory

Bonus Bill is passed
Resignation of Herbert Hoover and Charles Curtis
John Nance Garner becomes temporary president
Power of the workers' councils increased to the power of the federal government
Establishment of a John Nance Garner-lead provisional government

Belligerents
Bonus Army US flag 48 stars US Government
Commanders and leaders
Walter W. Waters US flag 48 stars Herbert Hoover
US flag 48 stars General Douglas MacArthur (defected)
US flag 48 stars General George S. Patton (defected)
Strength
17,000 veterans
26,000 others
500 infantry, 500 cavalry, 6 Renault FT tanks and 800 policemen
Casualties and losses
Two dead, 100 injured

The July Revolution was the first of two revolutions that occurred in the United States in 1932.

History

Background

With the relationship between the US government and its citizens decaying since the end of the World War One and the failed revolution many years earlier, unpaid US veterans and their supporters camped out in the Hooverville on the Anacostia Flats. Shortly afterward, on June 17 of 1932, they massed at the US Capital as the Senate voted on the Bonus Bill. The bill was defeated by a vote of 62-18.

Response from Hoover

Hoover ordered the Secretary of War the disperse the protestors on July 28. Military forces arrived and pushed them out of the capital, killing two people and injuring over 100. When a military invention commanded by Douglas MacArthur and George S. Patton was sent by Hoover to Pennsylvania Avenue against the Bonus Marchers, the cavalry mutinied against Hoover and joined the protestors. Hoover's support was lost, and the Senate voted to impeach him.

Aftermath

Hoover and Charles Curtis resigned, leaving John Nance Garner as the temporary president of the United States. Garner increased the power of the workers' councils, an act refereed to as the American Workers Party as "dual power", as a provisional government was established.

Franklin D. Roosevelt won the election against Hoover, who had left the race. Rumors of a fascist coup reached the Washington, D.C Workers' Council, headed by the leader of the American Workers' Party, Sarah Leslie. To ensure and stop the fascist coup never happened, she led a revolution on November 23 and outlawed fascist groups after securing her power.

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