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Kingdom of Tondo
Karajaan ning Tundun (Kapampangan)
Karajaan ng Tondo (Tagalog)
Kerajaan Tundok (Malay/Maharlikan)
1945

Lakandula seal.png <p> Coat of arms

Capital Tondo
Languages Kapampangan
Tagalog
Brunei Malay
Portuguese (after 1650)
Arabic (after 1650)
Religion Animism
Hinduism
Buddhism
Folk Islam
Sunni Islam (after 1640)
Folk Catholicism
Government Not specified
Various Titles
 -  c. 900 A.D. Jayadewa (first)
 - 1951 Akbar Sri Bunao (last)
History
 -  Established Enter start year
 -  Integration into the Maharlika Sultanate 1945

The Kingdom of Tondo (Kapampangan: Karajaan ning Tundun, Tagalog: Karajaan ng Tondo, Malay and Maharlikan: Kerajaan Tundok) and later the Sultanate of Tondo (Kapampangan: Kasultanan ning Tundun, Malay and Maharlikan: Kesultanan Tundok) is one of the historical Maharlikan kingdoms to have existed along the banks of the Pasig River.

It existed in three forms, as a Hindu-Animist polity, ruled by Kapampangan lakans, and was a mixed Kapampangan and Tagalog settlement. It then existed as a vassal state to the Sultanate of Brunei, in which Islam was introduced to the royalty. The Spaniards introduced Christianity, in which it existed as a Spanish Empire vassal, before Datu Magat Salamat and Rajah Sri Bunao overthrew Spaniard rule, and once-more, retaining independence. During the rule of Rajah Tariq, Islam became solidified, when Rajah Tariq adopted the Sultanate system, similar to Manila and introduced Classical Arabic, and Arabic-Islamic naming customs for the Maginoo class. Sultan Tariq's grandson, Adil, allowed Tondo to become a Portuguese protectorate against the Spaniards, in which Portuguese Tondo is formed, still under the rule of Lakan Dula's descendants, in service to the King of Portugal.

Upon the arrival of the Spaniards, its paramount ruler, Lakan Dula, converted to Christianity as Carlos, and allowed the kingdom to exist as a vassal to the Spanish Empire. However, his cousin, Rajah Sulayman of the neighboring Manila, an Islamic kingdom, overthrow Spaniard rule, and admonished Lakan Dula against fomenting anymore alliances with the Spaniards. A renewed Spanish expedition led by Martin de Goiti successfully occupied Tondo, after Rajah Sulayman begrudgingly signed an agreement, allowing the peoples of Islamic Manila to continue practicing their faith, and maintaining close links with the Sultan of Brunei, as long as the Spaniards could keep Tondo.

Clearly, the large presence of Spanish friars, converting large numbers of Manila and Tondo natives to Roman Catholicism, and their harsh treatment of non-Catholics and/or those who refused to convert to Roman Catholicism; showed a different face on the part of the Spaniards, therefore, Datu Magat Salamat and Don Agustin de Legazpi, the latter being the biological nephew and adopted son of Rajah Sulayman, conspired to overthrow the Spaniards, to which Rajah Sulayman took great delight in. The conspiracy was successful, as the armies of Brunei attacked the Spanish and Christian Filipinos, Christian natives loyal to Magat Salamat, posing as loyalists, sacked the Spaniards in their homes, allowing Tondo to thrive as an independent kingdom. The remaining survivors attempted to install a Catholic Kampangan by the of Don Luis de Vera to be the Rajah of Tondo, while Don Agustin and Don Felipe fled to Brunei, converted to Islam, and plotted the next attack with the Sultan of Brunei.

Don Agustin changed his name to Amid Salamat, and successfully leads the massive invasion of Tondo, slays Don Antonio, and is crowned as Rajah Sri Bunao of Tondo. At this point, Islam begins to become the dominant religion in Tondo, although it is much more in the form of Folk Islam, rather than the Sunni Islam practiced in the Arabian Peninsula. Native Christian elite who helped Sri Bunao and the Borneans overthrow the Spaniards were allowed to serve in Tondo's army. At this point in time, Tondo was a kingdom of mixed faiths, Muslims, Catholics, Hindus and Animists lived side by side.

The kingdom survived the turbulence of history, and existed as a Portuguese protectorate, with the line of Lakan Dula as the ruling sultans, existing all through World War II, when it united with Manila and Namayan to form the Sultanate of Maharlika, and eventually as a Keperanat, or province of the Republic of Maharlika in 1951.

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