Alternative History
Advertisement

Note: This article is written as a comparison between OTL and the Differently TL.

Between Differently and our timeline, there are major and minor differences in the languages and their distribution throughout the world. Differently also has some unique languages, like Teedish and Vinlandic.

Words and phrases

Some words and phrases in several languages differ.

English

Due to a strong purist movement, several words of Old English origin, which in our timeline fell into disuse, survived and are still widely used in Modern English with the senses listed below. Although not to the point of other Germanic languages, English is slightly less Latinized than in our timeline.

Word Meaning
starcraft astrology
ead wealth, prosperity
wight person, being
eld age
ettle intend
eke add
tale quantity, amount
tarse penis

Portuguese

In OTL, Saint Martin of Braga (520–580 AD), wishing to remove Pagan influence, replaced the names of weekdays (Monday to Friday) in the Galician-Portuguese language, which at the time referred to planets named after Roman gods, by Latin liturgical days. As a result, the modern Portuguese, Galician and Mirandese languages, which descend from Galician-Portuguese, are the only Romance languages with numbered weekdays.

In Differently, Martin of Braga failed to incorporate such a change, resulting in weekdays similar to those of Spanish, Italian, French, Romanian, etc.

OTL Differently Meaning
segunda-feira

lues

Monday
terça-feira

martes

Tuesday
quarta-feira mércores Wednesday
quinta-feira joves Thursday
sexta-feira vernes Friday

Japanese

In Japan, some words have different forms, or older forms remain more popular than newer ones.

OTL Differently Meaning
コンピューター (Conpyūtā) でんのう (Dennō) Computer
テレビジョン (Terebijon)
テレビ (Terebi) (abbre.)
でん (Denshi) Television
サッカー (Sakkā) (Main)
フットボール (Futtobōru)
しゅうきゅう (Shūkyū) (Archaic)
しゅきゅう (Shukyū) Association Football
a.k.a Soccer

Writing differences

Polish

The Polish language can be written with either the Cyrillic or Latin scripts. Generally, Cyrillic letters are used in eastern parts of Poland while Latin letters are used in the western parts. Warsaw, as the capital, uses both scripts.

Korean

Hanja (Chinese Characters) are more commonly used in Korean than in our timeline, but not to the same level as the Japanese kanji. They are also written in simplified forms "borrowed" from Japanese Shinjitai.

Japanese

The Kana ゐ/ヰ (Wi) and ゑ/ヱ (We) remain in use, though mainly the katakana forms for transcribing loanswords. Other extended Katakana that are more common in this timeline include ヷ (Va), ヸ (Vi) and ヹ (Ve).

Distribution

  • In much of Australia, the predominant language is Dutch instead of English.
  • Alaska, as a federal subject of Russia, has Russian as its most widely spoken language.
  • The Arabic-speaking region of the world in OTL has the most significant difference: Arabic itself is restricted to the Arabian Peninsula and certain parts of Africa, while in the rest of the area several different Afro-Asiatic languages, most of are which are extinct in OTL, are spoken in lieu of Arabic; this includes Syriac, Egyptian (OTL Coptic), and Punic.
  • Since the differences between Afrikaans and Dutch are fewer in this timeline, Afrikaans is considered a dialect of Dutch rather than a language on its own; together with a Dutch-speaking Australia, this makes Dutch a much more prominent language in this world, with over 60 million speakers (instead of 25 million as in OTL).
  • French is much more common in Louisiana, as legislature that lead to it's decline was never passed.
  • In the continental Germanic nations of Europe, the constructed language Teedish, created by Adolf Hitler, is often used for intercommunication and to promote cultural integration.

National languages - Indo-European

Romance
  Spanish
  Portuguese
  French
  Italian
  Romanian

Germanic
  English
  Dutch
  German
  Nordic (Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Icelandic)

Balto-Slavic
  East Slavic (Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian)
  West Slavic (Polish, Slovak, Czech)
  South Slavic (Serbo-Croatian, Slovene, Bulgarian, Macedonian)
  Baltic (Latvian, Lithuanian)

Iranian
  Iranian (Persian, Pashto, Kurdish)

Indo-Aryan
  Indo-Aryan (Hindustani, Bengali, Punjabi)

Isolates
  Other (Greek, Armenian)

Non-Indo-European
  Other families

National languages - Other

Afro-Asiatic
  Semitic
  Other

Niger-Congo
  Bantu
  Other

Sino-Tibetan
  Chinese
  Other

Turkic
  Oghuz (Azeri, Turkmen)
  Uzbek
  Kipchak (Kyrgyz, others)

Finno-Ugric
  Hungarian
  Finnish

Other
  Dravidian
  Austronesian
  Other non-IE families
  Indo-European