Language is the method by which human beings communicate with one another, often through a series of letters or other verbal communication. Culture can largely be defined by language. Therefore, understanding of any geo-political situations relies on understanding of language.

This page aims to describe major languages of the Principia Moderni III universe, as well as elaborating notable trends and changes that differ from OTL.


A Khoisan language spoken in |onte, and Nikobara.


A language spoken in Oirat.


The language Urdu (also called Hindi, and a variation of the Hindustani language) is the predominant language in most of Northern India. The actual word "Urdu" comes from the same Turkic word ordu (army), which also, in English, means Horde. The language itself is very localized and adapts to local customs, leading it to have other names such as Hindi, Hindavi and Dehlavi (Despite the fact that Hindi is an already existent, and different script).


Yugtun is the language spoken by the Kiatagmiut Band in Kelutmun (Alaska) and most of the Yup'ik peoples in Kelutmun. Yugtun is not a written language and is instead only spoken. Yugtun is one of many dialects within the Eskimo-Aleut family, which is fully mapped out below.

  • Eskimo-Aleut Family
    • Eskimo
      • Yup'ik
        • Alaskan Yup'ik
          • Yugtun
            • Kusquqvak Yugtun
            • Kuigpak Yugtun
          • Cugtun
            • Cup'it Cugtun
            • Cev'aq Cugtun
        • Alutiiq
        • Siberian Yup'ik
        • Naukan
        • Sirenik
      • Inuit
        • Inupiat
          • Qawiaraq
        • Inuvialuktun
          • Kangiryuarmiutun
          • Siglitun
          • Uummarmiutun
        • Inuktitut
          • Nunatsiavummiutut
          • Inuttitut
        • Greenlandic
          • Kalaallisut
          • Tunumiisut
          • Inuktun
    • Aleut
      • Central Aleutian
        • Attuan
      • Eastern Aleutian
        • Akutan
        • Unalaska
      • Western Aleutian
        • Atkan

A few unique features of Yugtun is that verbs are conjugated using a root morpheme and then adding the proper pronoun to the end of the root of the verb. The pronouns used to complete the verbs are:

1st Person 2nd Person 3rd Person
Singular w'iinga eɫpet elii
Dual w'iingakuk eɫpetk ---
Plural w'iingakuta eɫpeci eliita

Yugtun has two primary dialects, Kuigpak and Kusquqvak, which are spoken near the Yukon River and the Kuskowin River, respectively.

Latinized Malagasy

Latinized Malagasy Bible, ca. 1540

Latinized Malagasy, or Latinized Madagasikaran, is the most common language on the island of Madagasikara, and throughout the Empire of Madagasikara. Based in traditional Malagasy (or Madagasikaran) and Spanish (with some Arabic, Bantu, and Swahili), Latinized Malagasy is a constructed language that was developed by Spanish Christian missionaries in Madagasikara to help educate the natives.

As Latinized Malagasy was developed in the late 1400s, the language was much closer to traditional Malagasy. Over the years, the language has been actively evolving closer towards Spanish. The hope of many Christian missionaries is that the two languages will end up mutually intelligible to make printing of the Bible an easier task.

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