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Latin Empire of Romania
‎Empire latin de Roumanie (French)
Λατινική Αυτοκρατορία της Ρωμανία (Greek)
Timeline: Merveilles du Monde (Map Game)
Achaea
1308 - Present
Shield of the Latin Empire of Constantinople.png
Latin Empire-MdM-1335.png
Latin Empire in Green; Byzantine Empire in Purple; Venice in Blue
CapitalCorinth
Largest city Thebes
Official languages Latin; French
Regional Languages Greek
Ethnic groups  Greek; Gasmouloi; French; Italian
Religion Catholic (Official);
Orthodox (Popular)
Demonym Latin
Government Feudal Empire
 -  Emperor of Romania William de la Roche
History Latin Empire of Constantinople (1204-1261);
Titular Empire (1261-1308);
Latin Empire of Romania (1308-present) 
 -  Fourth Crusade 1204 
 -  Fall of Constantinople 1261 
 -  Treaty of Venice 1308 
Currency Denier
The Latin Empire of Romania (French: Empire latin de Roumanie; Greek: Λατινική Αυτοκρατορία της Ρωμανία) is a Frankish empire in Southeastern Europe. Ruled by Emperor William de la Roche, the Latin Empire was re-established as a landed nation in the Treaty of Venice, largely through the efforts of the Principality of Achaea.

The Empire, which is based in southern Greece, is comprised of the following entities:

  • Principality of Achaea;
  • Duchy of Athens;
  • Despotate of Epirus;
  • Kingdom of Albania;
  • Kingdom of Thessalonica;
  • County of Caria;
  • Duchy of the Archipelago; and
  • County Palatine of Cephalonia and Zakynthos.

History

Greek Rule

Frankish Rule

1204-1308

  • Fourth Crusade (1204)
  • Constantinople back to the Byzantines (1261)
  • Gradual loss of lands in Achaea to Morea
  • Under Angevin rule/suzerainty
    • More details can be filled in from OTL
  • Union between Athens and Achaea (diplomacy starting in 1295)
  • Cultural shifts begin in earnest - targeting Greek dynatoi and recruiting French nobles
  • Aligned with Venice over Genoa - which would pay dividends later on
  • Signs of tension between Angevins and Florent
  • War against Mentese (decisive battle of Halicarnassus in 1301) - becomes Caria
  • 1304/5 - suzereainty broken with Angevins and given to Aragon
  • War of Epirote Succession (1306-1307) against the Angevins of Albania
    • Result: Gain Latin Empire title, Albania, and eventual claim to Epirus (Treaty of Venice)
  • Byzantine-Latin Wars (1308-1310)
    • Battle at Kalamata and siege of Mystras see Byzantium kicked out of the Morea
  • Meanwhile, in 1309 crowned Latin Emperor

1308-Present

Government

Emperors of Romania

 
 
 
Elisabeth of Chappes
 
 
 
Prince of Achaea
Geoffrey I of Villehardouin
(1169-1228)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Anna Komnene Doukaina
 
Prince of Achaea
William II of Villehardouin
(1195-1245)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Princess of Achaea
Isabella of Villehardouin
(1260-1312)
 
Latin Emperor of Romania
Florent of Hainaut
(1255-1316)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Latin Emperor and Duke of Athens
Guy II de la Roche
(1280-1308)
 
Latin Empress
Matilda of Hainaut
(1293-1331)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Duke of the Archipelago
John I Sanudo
 
Elizabeth
(1308-present)
 
Latin Emperor
William I de la Roche
(1308-present)
 
Princess
Judith of Hungary
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Sanudo Family
of the Archipelago
Charles de la Roche
(1336-1350)
 
Byzantine Princess
Irene Palaiologina
 
Heir
Richard de la Roche
(1338-present)
 
 
Agnes de la Roche
(1340-present)
 
Prince of Poland and Count of Caria
Andrzej Olgierd
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Olgierd Family
of Caria
 
 
 
 
 

Law

Description of Assizes of Romania. Description of court, and positions within the Empire.

Realms

The Latin Empire of Romania is divided into seven realms. While each realm is governed by the Assizes under the administration of the Emperor, there are regional variations and 

Realms of the Latin Empire
Symbol Name Capital Ruler
Armoiries Achaïe Principality of Achaea Andravida

(as Administrator)

Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Athens (de la Roche family) Duchy of Athens Thebes (as Administrator)
Doukas Despotate of Epirus Arta (as Administrator)
CoA Kingdom of Albania (MdM) Kingdom of Albania Avlona Karl Thopia
Kingdom of Thessalonica Thessalonica (as Administrator)
County of Caria Milas Andrzej Olgierd
Armoiries Naxos Duchy of the Archipelago Naxos Nicholas I Sanudo
Orsini Epirus County Palatine of Cephalonia and Zakynthos Saint George Orsini

Economy

1354 population estimate: 2,000,000 (down from 3,000,000 at pre-plague height).

Some products:

  • silk garments
  • raw silk (limited)
  • grain
  • olive oil
  • enamel
  • perfumes + incense
  • tin


Trade along Via Egnatia

Military

Culture

Religion

The official religion of the Latin Empire of Romania is Roman Catholicism. With the Fourth Crusade, a number of ecclesiastic positions were created in newly-conquered lands - the most influential of which was the Latin Patriarch of Constantinople, displacing the Eastern Orthodox Patriarch.

With the restoration of Constantinople to the Byzantines, the Latin Patriarch became a titular see based out of Rome. However, with the restoration of the Latin Empire under Emperor Florent, the Latin Patriarch - then Nicholas of Thebes - was invited to return to Romania.

  • Latin Patriarch of Constantinople
  • Bishop of Cephalonia (Cephalonia and Zakynthos)
  • Bishop of Zakynthos (Cephalonia and Zakynthos)
  • Bishop of Damala
  • Bishop of Lacedaemon
  • Bishop of Argos
  • Bishop of Helos
  • Bishop of Zemena
  • Bishop of Andravida
  • Bishop of Amyclae
  • Bishop of Modon
  • Bishop of Coron
  • Bishop of Castoria
  • Bishop of Platea
  • Bishop of Tanagra
  • Bishop of Tespia
  • Bishop of Zaratovio
  • Bishop of Negroponte*
  • Bishop of Thermopylae
  • Bishop of Daulia
  • Bishop of Salona
  • Bishop of Aulon
  • Bishop of Oreoi
  • Bishop of Megara
  • Bishop of Skyros
  • Bishop of Scutari/Shköder
  • Bishop of Sapë

* Indicates that the see is located in a city owned by Venice.

Latin Patriarchs of Constantinople (1308-present)
Name Reign Previous Position
Nicholas of Thebes 1308-1335 Unknown
Henry of Asti 1335-1345 Bishop of Negroponte
Philip of Salona 1346-1356 Archbishop of Thebes
Gaspar 1357-1381 Archbishop of Thessalonica
Tagaris 1382-1395 Bishop of Taurezion
Angelo Correr 1395- present Bishop of Castello

Foreign Relations

The Latin Empire is a leading member of both the Latin League (dating back to 1343) and the Holy League (dating back to 1353). In addition, it maintains good relations with the vast majority of the Catholic world - it can ill-afford to sour relations with potential benefactors. Relations with Orthodox and Muslim neighbors, however, have traditionally been strained.

  • Positive () Relations
    • Hungary - Allies and royal marriage; aid against Serbia.
    • Venice - Pursuant to the Treaty of Venice (1308), the Latin Empire and Venice are officially allied. This alliance was initially aimed at Genoa (which has since been conquered) and the Byzantine Empire. In addition to the alliance, there are deep trade relations between Venice and the Latin Empire.
    • Aragon - During the War of the Sicilian Vespers and subsequent Aragonese-Neopolitan War, Achaea (the predecessor of the Latin Empire) was a tributary of Aragon, after having abandoned Naples. Aragon's aid was necessary in procuring lands across the region for the Latin Empire, and therefore the Empire looks upon Aragon with favor.
  • Neutral () Relations
    • Neopatria - These formerly-Byzantine lands were conquered by the Catalan Company. The Duchy of Neopatria is a member of the Latin League with the Empire, but other than this mutual-defensive pact, it remains to be seen how the future relations will play out.
    • Byzantine Empire - Following an extended period of war dating back to the Fourth Crusade, a rare rapproachment was brokered in the lead up to the Crusade of the Holy League. Latin prince Richard and Byzantine princess Irene were betrothed on terms favorable to the Latin Empire. It remains to be seen whether the two nations grow closer or further apart.
  • Negative () Relations
    • Anatolian Muslim Beyliks - Following the conquest of Caria (formerly Mentese) by Achaea, and exacerbated more recently by the Crusade of the Holy League against the Ottomans, relations with the Beyliks has been hostile. While the beyliks were originally seen as a counterbalance against the Byzantines, this has decidedly changed once Turks first set foot in Europe.
    • Serbia - Following the aggressive and expansionist attack on Latin Romania by Tsar Stephan of Serbia, in which the Empire defended itself, relations have been quite hostile. In the meanwhile, the Latin Empire has fortified and defended its border with Serbia.

Notes and Resources

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