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This page shows all the leaders of the nations in 1861: Historical Failing.

Country Title Name Portrait Accession Party (if appliable)
Flag of Åland Åland President Camilla Gunell 2011 Åland Social Democrats (left)
Flag of Alaska Alaska President Bill Walker 2014
Flag of Algeria Algeria President Abdelaziz Bouteflika 1999 National Liberation Front (left-wing)
Flag of Amalfi (1861 HF) Amalfi President Antonio Iannone 2012 Christian Democracy (centre)
Flag of Angola Angola President José Eduardo dos Santos 10 September 1979 MPLA (left)
Flag of Saudi Arabia Arabia Emir Salman 23 January 2015
Flag of Argentina Argentina President Mauricio Macri
Macri Mauricio
10 December 2015 Republican Proposal (centre-right)
Flag of Arkhangelsk Oblast Arkhangelsk President Igor Orlov 2012
Flag of Austria Austria President Heinz Fischer 2004
Flag of Australia (1861 HF) Australia President Peter Cosgrove 28 March 2014
Flag of Mali Bamako President Ibrahim Boubacar Keïta 2013
Flag of the Basque Country Basque Country President Iñaki Azkuna 2008
Flag of Bavaria (lozengy) Bavaria President Horst Seehofer 2008
Flag of Germany Berlin President Klaus Wowereit 2001 SDE (left-wing)
Flag of Bologna (1861 HF) Bologna President Simonetta Saliera 2015 Social Democratic Party (left)
Flag of Brazil Brazil President Dilma Rousseff
Dilma Rousseff - foto oficial 2011-01-09
Flag of Burkina Faso Burkina Faso President Blaise Compaoré 1987
Flag of Myanmar (1974-2010) Burma President Thein Sein 2011
Flag of Canada Canada President David Johnston 2010
Flag of Catalonia Catalonia President Artur Mas i Gavarró 2010
Flag of the Central African Republic Central African Republic President Michel Djotodia 2009
Flag of the Chechen Republic Chechnya President Ramzan Kadyrov 2009
Flag of the Republic of China China President Ma Ying Jeou
Flag of Congo-Kinshasa (1966-1971) Congo President Isidore Mvouba 2005
Flag of Corsica Corsica President Paul Giacobbi 2010
Flag of East India (1861 HF) East India President Sovan Chatterjee 2010
Russia Est2 East Russia President Vladimir Jakušev 17 May 2012
Flag of Egypt (1922–1958) Egypt President Fuad II 1952 (under regency)
Flag of England England Queen[1] Elizabeth II
Queen Elizabeth II March 2015
Flag of Ethiopia (1897-1936; 1941-1974) Ethiopia King Zera Yacob Amha Selassie 1997
Flag of France France President François Hollande
François Hollande
9 June 2009
Flag of Genoa Genoa President Marco Doria 21 May 2012
Flag of Germany Hannover President Stephan Weil 2009
Flag of Gibraltar Gibraltar President Adolfo Canepa 9 June 2009
Flag of Greece Greece King[2] Constantine II
King Constantine
Flag of the Gran Colombia Gran Colombia President Rafael Correa 2007
Flag of Greenland Greenland President Asii Chemnitz Narup 2008
Kanaka Maoli flag Hawaii King Quentin Kawānanakoa 1997
Flag of the Republic of Hong Kong Hong Kong President Leung Chun-ying 1 July 2012
Flag of Iceland Iceland President Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson 1 August 1996
Flag of India India Governor Pranab Mukherjee 2012
Flag of Madagascar IOC President Andry Rajoelina 2009
Flag of Ireland Ireland President Michael D. Higgins 2012
Flag of Israel Israel President Shimon Peres
778px-Shimon Peres at 2009 WEF
Flag of Congo Free State Ituri President Emmanuel Leku Apuobo 2003
ICF Flag ICF President Paul Biya 2007
Flag of Japan Japan Emperor Akihito
333px-Emperor Akihito and empress Michiko of japan
Flag of Denmark Jutland President Ulla Astman 2006
Kano flag Kano President Ado Bayero 1993
Flag of Benin Kasai President of the Revolutionary Movement of Kasai Jean Paul Ntambwe Kasanzu 1997
Flag of Kivu (1861 HF) Kivu President Emmanuel Leku Apuobo 2008
Flag of Lazio (1861 HF) Lazio President Renata Polverini 2010
Flag of Libya Libya President Mohamed Magariaf 2012
Flag of Lucca Lucca President Stefano Baccelli 2006
Flag of Macau Macau President Fernando Chui Sai On 2009
Flag of Malaysia Malaysia President Mizan Zainal Abidin 2006
Pisan Oversea Department Maldives Governor Mohammed Waheed Hassan 2012
Mantua Flag Mantua President Alessandro Pastacci 2011
Flag of the Isle of Man Man Fo-chiannoort Allan Bell 2013
Flag of the Marche (1861 HF) Marche President Luca Crescioli 2015
Flag of Mexico Mexico President Enrique Peña Nieto 2012
Flag of Milan Milan President Matteo Salvini 2014
Modena Flag (1861 HF) Modena Duke Isabel
Isabel I of Modena
Flag of Morocco Morocco King Mohammed VI
220px-Mohammed VI of Morocco (Denoised )-1
Flag of South Italy (1861 HF) Naples King Charles
Charles of Naples (1861 HF)
Flag of the Netherlands Netherlands King Wilhelm-Alexander 2013
NZ flag design Silver Fern (Red, White & Blue) by Kyle Lockwood New Zealand President Jerry Mateparae 2011
Flag of the Ottoman Empire Ottoman Rep. President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan 2003
Flag of the Duchy of Parma (1851-1859) Parma Duke Charles V Xavier
Charles Xavier and Annemarie of Parma
Flag of the Philippines Philippines President Benigno Aquino III 2010
Flag of the Republic of Pisa Pisa President Enrico Letta
Enrico Letta 2013
Flag of Poland Poland President Bronisław Komorowski 2010
Flag of San Marino San Marino Captains Regent Lorella Stefanelli (CDP) and Nicola Renzi (PA) October 2014 Union of Christian Democrats (centre)
Flag of Sardinia, Italy Sardinia President Francesco Pigliaru 2012 Socialist Party (centre-left)
Flag of South Korea South Korea President Park Geun-hye 2013
Flag of Turin Turin President Sergio Chiamparino 2014
Habsburgtuscanycoa Tuscany Archduke Sigismund 18 June 1993
Flag of Ukraine Ukraine President Petro Poroshenko 2010 BPP (center-right)


  1. Also a Diarch of Cyprus, along with the King of Greece.
  2. Also a Diarch of Cyprus, along with the Monarch of England.
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