|Official Languages:||English, French, Spanish|
|Headquarters (Europe):||Geneva, Switzerland|
|Headquarters (America):||New York, United States|
|General Secretary:||Tony Blair|
|Chancellor:||Jose Manuel Barroso|
The League of Nations was founded in 1919, with its first meeting January 10, 1920. It was created to prevent wars, after the devastation of World War
Every nation is a part of the League of Nations, or it is not recognized as an independent nation.
The League of Nations enjoyed peace before World War II. Its first General Secretary was Sir James Eric Drummond, Earl of Perth. He served until 1933, when he resigned. Afterwards, the renowned fascist Joseph Avenol of France took over as General Secretary, serving until 1940.
World War II
According to League regulations, the League could not interfere with a nation without its permission. Germany, under the rule of Hitler, decided not to have the League interfere with their world conquest. The League did nothing, and any attempts to interfere were Führer vetoed by General Secretary Avenol.
After World War II, Kurt Waldheim became General Secretary. After Hitler disappeared, Waldheim resigned, and Dag Hammarskjold became General Secretary. He reformed it by creating the League Parliament, the League Chancellor, and updating the Assembly.
The League of Nations has three branches: executive, judicial, and legislative.
The executive branch is lead by the General Secretary and his or her Secretariat.
The legislative branch is the tricameral houses that are the Parliament, the Council, and the Assembly.
The judicial branch is the Permanent Court of International Justice.
The Secretariat is elected for a 5-year term, renewable once, from either the America Group or Europe Group. The America Group consists of the Americas and Pacific. The Europe Group consists of Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Note that when African nations began arousing, it was in 1975 when they were first entered into a group. It was a huge debate.
The General Secretary is from one of the two Groups, as is the Chancellor. The General Secretary nominee chooses his Secretariat firsthand. Everyone elects the members of the Secretariat, the General Secretary, and the Chancellor, separately.
The General Secretary is elected through an electoral vote, i.e., when the majority of a nation elect someone, the entirety of that nations electors elect that person. There is one elector for each nation for each member they have in the legislature, so each nation has at least two Electors.
It is the General Secretary’s job to run the Secretariat, and be the executive of the League.
List of General Secretaries
|#||General Secretary||Term Began||Term Ended||Nationality||Chancellor|
|1||James Eric Drummond||1920||1933||British||None|
|5||Dag Hammarskjold||1953||1961||Scandinavian||U Thant|
The League Council originally consisted of 4 permanent members and 4 non-permanent members. In 1946, it changed to 5 permanent members (United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, France, China) and 15 non-permanent members (3 nominated by each permanent member to serve 3-year terms).
Councilors (members of the League Council) are chosen by the head of state.
The League Assembly consist of 1-5 Representatives, based on population. They elect a President of the Assembly for a one-year term, renewable three times.
The League Parliament consists of numerous Senators. Each nation gets 1 Senator, plus an extra Senator for each 10 million citizens.
Permanent Court of International Justice
The Permanent Court of International Justice has 15 justices, including a Chief Justice and a Vice-Chief Justice. Each justice is chosen by the General Secretary for a 15-year term, and the General Secretary of the time chooses of the justices to be Chief and Vice-Chief.