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Republic of Liberia
Timeline: Cherry, Plum, and Chrysanthemum

OTL equivalent: Liberia
Flag of Liberia Coat of arms of Liberia
Flag Coat of Arms
Location of Liberia (Myomi)
Location of Liberia

Motto
The love of liberty brought us here

Anthem "All Hail, Liberia, Hail!"
Capital
(and largest city)
Monrovia
Language English
Religion Christianity, Islam, Traditional religion
Ethnic Group Kpelle; Bassa; Grebo; Gio; Mano
Demonym Liberian
Government Constitutional presidential republic
  legislature Legislature of Liberia
Population 4,128,572 
Currency African pound (AFP)
Time Zone UTC 0
Calling Code +231
Internet TLD .lr
Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country in West Africa bordered by Sierra Leone to its west and the West African Federation to its north and east. English is the official language and over 30 indigenous languages are also spoken within the country. Along with Ethiopia, Liberia is one of only two modern countries in Sub-Saharan Africa without roots in the European colonization of Africa.

History

American Colonization Society

Beginning in 1820, the region was colonized by blacks from the United States, most of whom were freed slaves. These immigrants established a new country with the help of the American Colonization Society, a private organization which believed that former slaves would have greater freedom and equality in Africa. African captives freed from slave ships were also sent there instead of being repatriated to their countries of origin.

Americo-Liberian dominance

In 1847, this new country became the Republic of Liberia, establishing a government modeled on that of the United States, with Monrovia as its capital city. This first group of colonists, known as Americo-Liberians, led the political and economic sectors of the country during the 19th century.

Garveyan movement

Second influx of immigrants entered the country between 1920s and 1940s. Sponsored by the Universal Negro Improvement Association, these immigrants were the descendants of former slaves from the Confederate States who migrated to the United States, but experienced a disillusionment of living in their new country. This second group of colonists, known as Garveyans, brought a wave of industrialization to Liberia in the 1930s.

Post-World War II development

After World War II, Liberia began to liberalize its economy and strengthened its Pan-African stance throughout the decolonization process which swept the continent. Liberia was a founding member of the United Nations and the African Economic Union.

The coup attempts by the military in 1969 and in 1975, brought a political and economic instability for Liberia. Liberia began to recover its democracy and economy in the late 1990s although about 85% of the population continue to live below the international poverty line.

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