The Republic of Liberia, colloquially known as Liberia, is a country in West Africa. It is bordered by the British colony of Sierra Leone to its west and by French West Africa to its north and its east. Liberia was first estabilished as an American colony: during the American Civil War the country declared its independence, and some time later it was officially recognized by the Confederate States of America as a sovereign country. As part of treaties between the Confederate and the Liberian government, thousands of freed slaves from the Confederacy were relocated to Liberia.
Liberia is the oldest modern independent state in all of Africa, and the first African nation to proclaim independence, and while it was founded with the precise aim of becoming a new home for freed slaves, it was originally meant to become a new state or territory of the US, but the settlers demanded independence while the United States were in the process of being destroyed in the Civil War. Historically, the country has been ruled by black settlers coming from America and their descendents (so-called Amero-Liberians), and the strong Liberian regime of discrimination against native peoples and tribes drove many of them to leave the country for neighboring Sierra Leone or FWA; today, Amero-Liberians (called simply Liberians) are the majority of the population. The country's economy chiefly revolves on the rubber industry, but it also exports oil and has a strong naval industry.