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m (Bohemia)
m (Sp)
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As per tradition the kingdoms of [[Austria (The Kalmar Union)|Austria and Bohemia]] are held in personal union. Bohemia's crown dates (officially) from 1212. Austria's a more recent 1898.
+
As per tradition the kingdoms of [[Austria (The Kalmar Union)|Austria and Bohemia]] are held in personal union. Bohemia's crown dates (officially) from 1212. Austria's a more recent 1898.
   
 
==Austria==
 
==Austria==
Line 121: Line 121:
 
|}
 
|}
   
Albert's three sons divide the duchy (the title of Archduke was a 1359 fabrication which was only confirmed in 1513 when Austria was reunited). The death of his cousins without heirs allows Sigismund, duke of Inner Austria, to reunite the lands over the course of his rule.
+
Albert's three sons divide the duchy (the title of Archduke was a 1359 fabrication which was only confirmed in 1513 when Austria was reunited). The death of his cousins without heirs allows Sigismund, duke of Inner Austria, to reunite the lands over the course of his rule.
   
 
{|class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center;" width=100%
 
{|class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center;" width=100%
Line 142: Line 142:
 
|(1569-1580)
 
|(1569-1580)
 
|-
 
|-
|Frederick III<br>
+
|Frederick III<br />
 
''Emperor Frederick VI''
 
''Emperor Frederick VI''
 
|
 
|
 
|(1580-1606)
 
|(1580-1606)
 
|-
 
|-
|Charles I<br>
+
|Charles I<br />
 
''Emperor Charles VI''
 
''Emperor Charles VI''
 
|
 
|
 
|(1606-1631)
 
|(1606-1631)
 
|-
 
|-
|Rudolph II<br>
+
|Rudolph II<br />
''Emperor Rudolph II''
+
''Emperor Rudolph II''
 
|
 
|
 
|(1631-1649)
 
|(1631-1649)
 
|-
 
|-
|Rudolph III<br>
+
|Rudolph III<br />
 
''Emperor Rudolph III''
 
''Emperor Rudolph III''
 
|
 
|
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|(1687-1702)
 
|(1687-1702)
 
|-
 
|-
|Rupert<br>
+
|Rupert<br />
 
''Emperor Rupert''
 
''Emperor Rupert''
 
|
 
|
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|(1816-1842)
 
|(1816-1842)
 
|-
 
|-
|George<br>
+
|George<br />
 
''Emperor George''
 
''Emperor George''
 
|
 
|
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|}
 
|}
   
After much bartering in the Imperial Diet the title of ''King of Austria'' is finally bestowed on the Archdukes in 1898, though this came with the provision, occasionally contested, that they should not pursue an additional electorate for Austria.
+
After much bartering in the Imperial Diet the title of ''King of Austria'' is finally bestowed on the Archdukes in 1898, though this came with the provision, occasionally contested, that they should not pursue an additional electorate for Austria.
   
 
{|class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center;" width=100%
 
{|class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center;" width=100%
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|(1908-1920)
 
|(1908-1920)
 
|-
 
|-
|Charles II<br>
+
|Charles II<br />
 
''Emperor Charles VIII''
 
''Emperor Charles VIII''
 
|[[File:Ferdinand I; Keizer van Oostenrijk.jpg|75px|border]]
 
|[[File:Ferdinand I; Keizer van Oostenrijk.jpg|75px|border]]
Line 242: Line 242:
 
==Bohemia==
 
==Bohemia==
   
The Kings of Bohemia are usually dated from 1212 when the title was confirmed by the Sicilian Bull, though an illustrious line of Dukes stretches back to the early 9th century. Previous dukes did claim the title of king however it was not a hereditary title.
+
The Kings of Bohemia are usually dated from 1212 when the title was confirmed by the Sicilian Bull, though an illustrious line of Dukes stretches back to the early 9th century. Previous dukes did claim the title of king however it was not a hereditary title.
   
 
{|class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center;" width=100%
 
{|class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center;" width=100%
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|(1536-1540)
 
|(1536-1540)
 
|-
 
|-
|Henry II of Prague<br>
+
|Henry II of Prague<br />
''Queen Joanna as regent''
+
''Queen Joanna as regent''
 
|
 
|
 
|(1540-1550)
 
|(1540-1550)
Line 354: Line 354:
 
|(1569-1580)
 
|(1569-1580)
 
|-
 
|-
|Frederick I<br>
+
|Frederick I<br />
 
''Emperor Frederick VI''
 
''Emperor Frederick VI''
 
|
 
|
 
|(1580-1606)
 
|(1580-1606)
 
|-
 
|-
|Charles I<br>
+
|Charles I<br />
 
''Emperor Charles VI''
 
''Emperor Charles VI''
 
|
 
|
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|(1618-1621)
 
|(1618-1621)
 
|-
 
|-
|Catherine<br>
+
|Catherine<br />
''In Pretence''
+
''In Pretense''
 
|[[File:Catherine of Oldenburg (The Kalmar Union).png|75px|border]]
 
|[[File:Catherine of Oldenburg (The Kalmar Union).png|75px|border]]
 
|(1629-1668)
 
|(1629-1668)
Line 395: Line 395:
 
|}
 
|}
   
While John IV is on his apparent death-bed (he recovers) the Prague Diet decides they will not accept the reactionary and widely despised Prince Charles of Utrecht as his successor. The nobles reach out to Austria. Archduke (and Emperor) Rudolph III is confirmed as king after the brief and indecisive [[War of Bohemian Succession (The Kalmar Union)|War of Bohemian Succession]].
+
While John IV is on his apparent deathbed (he recovers) the Prague Diet decides they will not accept the reactionary and widely despised Prince Charles of Utrecht as his successor. The nobles reach out to Austria. Archduke (and Emperor) Rudolph III is confirmed as king after the brief and indecisive [[War of Bohemian Succession (The Kalmar Union)|War of Bohemian Succession]].
   
 
{|class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center;" width=100%
 
{|class="wikitable sortable" style="text-align:center;" width=100%
 
|+House of Hapsburg
 
|+House of Hapsburg
 
|-
 
|-
|Rudolph II<br>
+
|Rudolph II<br />
 
''Emperor Rudolph III''
 
''Emperor Rudolph III''
 
|
 
|
Line 409: Line 409:
 
|(1687-1702)
 
|(1687-1702)
 
|-
 
|-
|Rupert<br>
+
|Rupert<br />
 
''Emperor Rupert''
 
''Emperor Rupert''
 
|
 
|
Line 434: Line 434:
 
|(1816-1842)
 
|(1816-1842)
 
|-
 
|-
|George<br>
+
|George<br />
 
''Emperor George''
 
''Emperor George''
 
|
 
|
Line 455: Line 455:
 
|(1908-1920)
 
|(1908-1920)
 
|-
 
|-
|Charles V<br>
+
|Charles V<br />
 
''Emperor Charles VIII''
 
''Emperor Charles VIII''
 
|[[File:Ferdinand I; Keizer van Oostenrijk.jpg|75px|border]]
 
|[[File:Ferdinand I; Keizer van Oostenrijk.jpg|75px|border]]

Revision as of 15:24, September 22, 2014

As per tradition the kingdoms of Austria and Bohemia are held in personal union. Bohemia's crown dates (officially) from 1212. Austria's a more recent 1898.

Austria

Austria was originally a march (margraviate) within Bavaria.

House of Babenberg
Leopold I (976-994)
Henry I (994-1018
Adalbert (1018-1055)
Ernest (1055-1075)
Leopold II (1075-1095)
Leopold III (1095-1136)
Leopold IV (1137-1141)
Henry II (1141-1156)

The 1156 Prviliegium Minus elevates the March to a Duchy, making it independent of Bavaria.

House of Babenberg
Henry II (1156-1177)
Leopold V (1177-1194)
Frederick I (1195-1198)
Leopold VI (1198-1230)
Frederick II (1230-1246)

After Frederick's death Austria is disputed between various claimants, the longest lasting being Ottokar II of Bohemia (1251-1278). He is eventually defeated by Emperor Rudolph I who would divide his lands between his sons.

House of Hapsburg
Rudolph I Rudolph I HRE (The Kalmar Union) (1278-1282)
Albert I (1282-1308)
Rudolph II (1282-1283)
Rudolph III (1282-1307)
Frederick I (1308-1330)
Leopold I (1308-1326)
Albert II (1330-1358)
Otto I (1330-1339)
Frederick II (1339-1344)
Leopold II (1339-1344)
Rudolph IV (1358-1365)
Albert III (1365-1379)

Albert's three sons divide the duchy (the title of Archduke was a 1359 fabrication which was only confirmed in 1513 when Austria was reunited). The death of his cousins without heirs allows Sigismund, duke of Inner Austria, to reunite the lands over the course of his rule.

House of Hapsburg
Sigismund (1513-1524)
Maximilian I (1524-1543)
Maximilian II (1543-1569)
Albert IV (1569-1580)
Frederick III

Emperor Frederick VI

(1580-1606)
Charles I

Emperor Charles VI

(1606-1631)
Rudolph II

Emperor Rudolph II

(1631-1649)
Rudolph III

Emperor Rudolph III

(1649-1687)
Charles II (1687-1702)
Rupert

Emperor Rupert

(1702-1748)
Maximilian III (1748-1750)
Frederick III (1750-1769)
Leopold III (1769-1800)
Maximilian IV (1800-1816)
Charles III (1816-1842)
George

Emperor George

(1842-1864)
Leopold IV (1864-1896)
Charles IV (1896-1898)

After much bartering in the Imperial Diet the title of King of Austria is finally bestowed on the Archdukes in 1898, though this came with the provision, occasionally contested, that they should not pursue an additional electorate for Austria.

House of Hapsburg
Charles I (1898-1905)
Leopold I (1905-1908)
Leopold II (1908-1920)
Charles II

Emperor Charles VIII

Ferdinand I; Keizer van Oostenrijk (1920-1955)
Leopold III (1955-1987)
Leopold IV (1987-2009)
Leopold V (2009-)

Bohemia

The Kings of Bohemia are usually dated from 1212 when the title was confirmed by the Sicilian Bull, though an illustrious line of Dukes stretches back to the early 9th century. Previous dukes did claim the title of king however it was not a hereditary title.

House of Premyslid
Ottokar I PremyslOtakarI Parleruvnahrobek (1198-1230)
Wenceslaus I VaclavGelnhausenovekodexu (1230-1253)
Ottokar II
Ottokar II Premysl
(1253-1278)
Wenceslaus II Codex Manesse Wenzel II. von Böhmen (1278-1305)
Wenceslaus III
Wenzel3
(1305-1306)
House of Meinhardiner
Henry I
JindrichKorutansky pecet1303
(1306, 1307-1310)
House of Hapsburg
Rudolph I (1306-1307)

John of Luxembourg marries Elizabeth, the last heir of Wenceslaus II.

House of Luxembourg
John I John I Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1310-1346)
Charles I 75px (1346-1374)
Wenceslaus IV

Emperor Wenceslaus

Wenceslaus I Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1374-1400)
Charles II

Emperor Charles IV

Charles II Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1400-1426)
Sigismund I

Emperor Sigismund I

Sigismund I Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1426-1437)
Matthew

Emperor Matthew

Matthew Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1437-1444)
John II John II Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1444-1478)
Sigismund II

Emperor Sigismund II

Sigismund II Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1478-1502)
John III

Emperor John I

John III Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1502-1536)
Wenceslaus V Wenceslaus II Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1536-1540)
Henry II of Prague

Queen Joanna as regent

(1540-1550)

The death of Henry of Prague before he can reach his majority gives the Bohemian magnates, an opportunity to break with Luxembourg rule. Maximilian II of Austria is elected.

House of Hapsburg
Maximilian I (1543-1569)
Albert I (1569-1580)
Frederick I

Emperor Frederick VI

(1580-1606)
Charles I

Emperor Charles VI

(1606-1618)

During the Bohemian Revolt which began the Fifty Years War the Protestant Bohemian nobles rejected the Austrian archduke and with Schmalkaldic support elected William-George, Duke of Oldenburg King of Bohemia. His rule lasted only until the Catholic Empire could marshal its forces and reconquer Bohemia.

House of Oldenburg
William George William-George Old (The Kalmar Union) (1618-1621)
Catherine

In Pretense

Catherine of Oldenburg (The Kalmar Union) (1629-1668)

The Treaty of Copenhagen returns Bohemia to Luxembourg rule, a sop to offset their loss of Brandenburg and a snub to Austria.

House of Luxembourg
Henry III Henry X Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1668-1669)
John IV

Emperor John II

John IV Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1669-1680)

While John IV is on his apparent deathbed (he recovers) the Prague Diet decides they will not accept the reactionary and widely despised Prince Charles of Utrecht as his successor. The nobles reach out to Austria. Archduke (and Emperor) Rudolph III is confirmed as king after the brief and indecisive War of Bohemian Succession.

House of Hapsburg
Rudolph II

Emperor Rudolph III

(1680-1687)
Charles II (1687-1702)
Rupert

Emperor Rupert

(1702-1748)
Maximilian II (1748-1750)
Frederick III (1750-1769)
Leopold I (1769-1800)
Maximilian III (1800-1816)
Charles III (1816-1842)
George

Emperor George

(1842-1864)
Leopold II (1864-1896)
Charles IV (1896-1898)
Leopold III (1905-1908)
Leopold IV (1908-1920)
Charles V

Emperor Charles VIII

Ferdinand I; Keizer van Oostenrijk (1920-1955)
Leopold V (1955-1987)
Leopold VI (1987-2009)
Leopold VII (2009-)
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