As per tradition the kingdoms of Austria and Bohemia are held in personal union. Bohemia's crown dates (officially) from 1212. Austria's a more recent 1898.



The Kings of Bohemia are usually dated from 1212 when the title was confirmed by the Sicilian Bull, though an illustrious line of Dukes stretches back to the early 9th century. Previous dukes did claim the title of king however it was not a hereditary title.

House of Premyslid
Ottokar I (1198-1230)
Wenceslaus I (1230-1253)
Ottokar II (1253-1278)
Wenceslaus II (1278-1305)
Wenceslaus III (1305-1306)
House of Meinhardiner
Henry I (1306, 1307-1310)
House of Hapsburg
Rudolph (1306-1307)

John of Luxembourg marries Elizabeth, the last heir of Wenceslaus II.

House of Luxembourg
John I John I Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1310-1346)
Charles I 75px (1346-1374)
Wenceslaus IV

Emperor Wenceslaus

Wenceslaus I Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1374-1400)
Charles II

Emperor Charles IV

Charles II Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1400-1426)
Sigismund I

Emperor Sigismund I

Sigismund I Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1426-1437)

Emperor Matthew

Matthew Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1437-1444)
John II John II Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1444-1478)
Sigismund II

Emperor Sigismund II

Sigismund II Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1478-1502)
John III

Emperor John I

John III Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1502-1536)
Wenceslaus V Wenceslaus II Luxem (The Kalmar Union) (1536-1540)
Henry II of Prague

Queen Joanna as regent


The death of Henry of Prague before he can reach his majority gives the Bohemian magnates, an opportunity to break with Luxembourg rule. Maximilian of Austria is elected. From that date the King of Bohemia is also Archduke of Austria.

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