Alternative History

Monarchs of England

Name Reign Relation Notes
The Saxons
Offa 757-796    
Egbert 802-839    
Ethelwulf 839-856 Egbert's son  
Ethelbald 856-860 Ethelwulf's son  
Ethelbert 860-865 Ethelwulf's son  
Ethelred I 865-871 Ethelwulf's son  
Alfred the Great 871-899 Ethelwulf's son  
Edward the Elder 899-924 Alfred's son  
Ethelweard 924 Edward's son  
Athelstan 924-939 Edward's son  
Edmund I 939-946 Edward's son  
Edred 946-955 Edward's son  
Edwy 955-959 Edmund's son  
Edgar the Peaceful 959-975 Edmund's son  
St Edward II the Martyr 975-978 Edgar's son  
Ethelred II 978-1013
Edgar's son  
Edmund II 1016 Ethelred II's son  
The Danish Kings

For a period of time, both the Saxons and the Danish claimed the English throne.

Sweyn Forkbeard 1013-1014    
Canute the Great 1016-1035 Sweyn's son  
Harold I 1035-1040 Canute's illegitimate son  
Harthacanute 1040-1042 Canute's son  
The Saxon Restoration
St Edward III the Confessor 1042-1066 Ethelred II's son  
Harold II 1066-1066 Edward the Confessor's brother-in-law  
Edgar Ætheling 1066-1066 Grandson of Edmund Ironside  
The Normans

After the Norman Conquest in 1066, numbering of kings (a French tradition applied to the Saxons only by historians) begins anew, although this affects only the Edwards.

William I 1066-1087   known as William the Conqueror
William II 1087-1100 William I's son  
Henry I 1100-1135 William I's son  
Stephen 1135-1154 William I's grandson  
The Angevins or Plantagenets

The Royal House name changed to reflect Matilda's marriage to Geoffrey Plantagenet.

Matilda (Empress Maud) 1141 Henry I's daughter  
Henry II 1154-1189 Matilda's son  
Richard I "Lionheart" 1189-1199 Henry II's son  
Monarchs of England and Ireland

In 1199, John, already Lord of Ireland, inherited the English throne. The title "Lord of Ireland" was used until 1671 when the title "King of Ireland" was used.

John "Lackland" 1199-1216 Henry II's son  
Henry III 1216-1272 John's son  
Edward I "Longshanks" 1272-1307 Henry III's son  
Edward II 1307-1327 Edward I's son  
Edward III 1327-1377 Edward II's son  
Richard II 1377-1399 Edward III's grandson  
The House of Lancaster

Henry Bolingbroke deposed Richard II, and the Royal House name came to reflect Henry's father's title, Duke of Lancaster.

Henry IV 1399-1413 Edward III's grandson  
Henry V 1413-1422 Henry IV's son  
Henry VI 1422-1461
Henry V's son  
The House of York

The Houses of Lancaster and York had fought the Wars of the Roses, and the Yorkists took the throne.

Edward IV 1461-1470
Edward III's great-great-grandson  
Edward V 1483 Edward IV's son  
Richard III 1483-1485 Edward IV's brother  
The House of Tudor

The Lancastrian Henry Tudor reclaimed the throne from the Yorkists.

Henry VII 1485-1509 Edward III's great-great-grandson  
Arthur I 1509-1557 Henry VII's son, Edward IV's grandson  
Mary I 1557-1564 Arthur I's daughter  
Francis I 1564-1576 Mary I's son  
Arthur II 1576-1606 Arthur I's grandson  
Henry VIII 1606-1616 Arthur II's son  
The House of Valois

After the death of Henry VIII childless, Scots and French petenders claimed the Enlgish crown. The Parliament chose French Dauphin Charles Valois-Angoulême.

Charles I 1616-1641 Francis I's cousin, twice removed Also king of France since 1621.
Francis II 1641-1646 Charles I's son Also king of France.
Charles II 1646-1663 Charles I's son  
Charles III 1664-1671 Charles II's son  
The House of Wales

In 1670, an insurrection in Ireland started. A Welch nationalistic leader supported the Irish against the English, changing his name for Llywelyn. After defeating Charles III army in 1671 he was crowned as king of England, king of Wales and king of Ireland.

Llywelyn I 1671-1689    
Gruffydd I 1689-1709 Llywelyn I's son  
Llywelyn II 1709-1734 Gruffydd I's son  
Richard IV 1734-1737 Llywelyn II's son  
Edward VI 1737-1751 Llywelyn II's son  
Richard V 1751-1772 Edward VI's son  
Richard VI 1772-1801 Richard V's son  
Arthur III 1801-1805 Richard V's grandson  
The House of Marlborough

An Act of Union was issued in 1804, creating the "United Kingdom of England, Ireland and Wales". When Arthur III brother-in-law Charles Churchill, Duke of Marlborough came to power in 1805, he droped all but "Kingdom of England".

Charles IV 1805-1817 Arthur III's brother-in-law  
Henry IX 1817-1843 Charles IV's son  
Mary II 1843-1875 Henry IX's daughter  
Henry X 1875-1878 Mary II's son  
Charles V 1878-1886 Mary II's son  
Charles VI 1886-1916 Charles V's son  
Richard VII 1916-1918 Charles VI's son  
Henry XI 1918-1957 Charles VI's son  
Richard VIII 1957-1988 Henry XI's grandson  
Arthur IV since 1988 Richard VIII's son