List of sovereign states This list of sovereign states provides an overview of sovereign states around the world, with information of their status and recognition of their sovereignty.

Short and formal names Membership with the UN System Sovereignty dispute Further information on status and recognition of sovereignty
Flag of Afghanistan.svg Afghanistan - Islamic Republic of Afghanistan UN member state None
Flag of Albania.svg Albania - Republic of Albania UN member state None
Flag of Algeria.svg Algeria - People's Democratic Republic of Algeria UN member state None
Flag of Andorra.svg Andorra - Principality of Andorra UN member state None Co-principality whose head of state is jointly held by the French President and the bishop of the Roman Catholic diocese of Urgell.
Flag of Angola.svg Angola UN member state None
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg Antigua and Barbuda UN member state None Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth realm, with 1 autonomous region, Barbuda.
Flag of Argentina.svg Argentina - Argentine Republic UN member state None Argentina is a federation of 23 provinces and 1 autonomous city
Flag of Armenia.svg Armenia - Republic of Armenia UN member state Not recognised by Pakistan Nagorno-Karabakh conflict has lead to conflicts
Flag of Australia.svg Australia - Commonwealth of Australia UN member state None Antigua and Barbuda is a Commonwealth realm and a federation of six states and 10 territories.
Flag of Austria.svgAustria - Republic of Austria UN member state None Member of the European Union. Austria is a federation of nine states (Bundeslander).
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg Azerbaijan - Republic of Azerbaijan UN member state None Contains two autonomous regions, Nakhchivan and Nagorno-Karabakh. A de facto state has been established in the latter
Flag of the Bahamas.svg Bahamas, The - Commonwealth of the Bahama UN member state None The Bahamas is a Commonwealth Realm
Flag of Bahrain.svgBahrain - Kingdom of Bahrain UN member state None
Flag of Bangladesh.svg Bangladesh - People's Republic of Bangladesh UN member state None
Flag of Barbados.svgBarbados UN member state None Barbados is a Commonwealth Realm
Flag of Belarus.svg Belarus - Republic of Belarus UN member state None Belarus forms the Union State with Russia
Flag of Belize.svg Belize UN member state None Belize is a Commonwealth Realm
Flag of Benin.svg Benin - Republic of Benin UN member state None
Flag of Bhutan.svg Bhutan - Kingdom of Bhutan UN member state None
Flag of Bolivia.svg Bolivia - Plurinational State of Bolivia UN member state None
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg Bosnia and Herzegovina UN member state None Federation of two constituent units and a self-governing unit.
Flag of Botswana.svg Botswana - Republic of Botswana UN member state None
Flag of Brazil.svg Brazil - Federative Republic of Brazil UN member state None Brazil is a federation of 26 states and 1 federal district
Flag of Brunei.svg Brunei - Nation of Brunei, Abode of Peace UN member state None
Flag of the Brussels-Capital Region.svg Brussels - Free City of Brussels UN member state None Member of the EU.
Flag of Bulgaria.svg Bulgaria - Republic of Bulgaria UN member state None Member of the EU
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg Burkina Faso UN member state None
Flag of Burundi.svgBurundi - Republic of Burundi UN member state None
Flag of Cambodia.svg Cambodia - Kingdom of Cambodia UN member state None
Flag of Cameroon.svg Cameroon - Republic of Cameroon UN member state None
Flag of Canada.svg Canada UN member state None
Flag of Cape Verde.svg Cape Verde - Republic of Capo Verde UN member state None
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg Central African Republic UN member state None
Flag of Chad.svg Chad - Republic of Chad UN member state None
Flag of Chile.svg Chile - Republic of Chile UN member state None Two "special territories" (Easter Island and Juan Fernández Islands)
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China - People's Republic of China UN member state Partially unrecognized. Claimed by the Republic of China The People's Republic of China (PRC) contains five autonomous regions, Guangxi, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia, Xinjiang and Tibet.Additionally, it has sovereignty over the Special Administrative Regions of:

China is not recognised by 21 UN member states and the Holy See, which instead recognise Taiwan (the Republic of China).

China claims, but does not control, Taiwan which is governed by a rival administration.

Recently the Provisional Government of Hong Kong declared its independence.

China controls part of the territory of Kashmir, which is disputed by India and Pakistan.

Flag of Colombia.svg Colombia Republic of Colombia UN member state None
Flag of the Comoros.svg Comoros Union of the Comoros UN member state None Comoros is a federation of 3 islands
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Congo, Democratic Republic of the UN member state None
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Congo, Republic of the UN member state None
Flag of Costa Rica.svg Costa Rica - Republic of Costa Rica UN member state None
Flag of Croatia.svg Croatia - Republic of Croatia UN member state None
Flag of Cuba.svg Cuba - Republic of Cuba UN member state None
Flag of Cyprus.svg Cyprus - Republic of Cyprus UN member state Not recognized by Turkey Member of the EU. The northeastern part of the island is the de facto state of Northern Cyprus. Turkey refers to the Republic of Cyprus government as "The Greek Cypriot Administration of Southern Cyprus".
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg Czech Republic UN member state None Member of the EU
Flag of Denmark.svg Denmark - Kingdom of Denmark UN member state None Member of the EU.The Kingdom of Denmark includes two self-governing territories:

The continental territory of Denmark, the Faroe Islands, and Greenland form the three constituent countries of the Kingdom. The designation "Denmark" can refer either to continental Denmark or to the short name for the entire Kingdom (e.g. in international organizations). The Kingdom of Denmark as a whole is a member of the EU, but EU law does not apply to the Faroe Islands and Greenland.

Flag of Djibouti.svg Djibouti - Republic of Djibouti UN member state None
Flag of Dominica.svg Dominica - Commonwealth of Dominica UN member state None
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg Dominican Republic UN member state None
Flag of East Timor.svg East Timor - Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste UN member state None
Flag of Ecuador.svg Ecuador - Republic of Ecuador UN member state None
Flag of Egypt.svg Egypt - Arab Republic of Egypt UN member state None
Flag of El Salvador.svg El Salvador - Republic of El Salvador UN member state None
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg Equatorial Guinea - Republic of Equatorial Guinea UN member state None
Flag of Eritrea.svg Eritrea - State of Eritrea UN member state None
Flag of Estonia.svg Estonia - Republic of Estonia UN member state None Member of the EU
Flag of Ethiopia.svg Ethiopia - Federal Republic of Ethiopia UN member state None Federation of nine regions and two chartered cities
Flag of the German Community in Belgium.svg Eupen-Malmedy - Republic of Eupen-Malmedy UN member state None
Flag of Fiji.svg Fiji - Republic of Fiji UN member state None Contains 1 autonomous region, Rotuma
Flag of Finland.svg Finland - Republic of Finland UN member state None Member of the EU
  • Flag of Åland.svg Åland is a neutral and demilitarised autonomous region of Finland.
Flag of Flanders.svg Flanders - County of Flanders UN member state None
Flag of France.svg France - French Republic UN member state None Member of the EU. France contains five overseas regions/departments: French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Réunion. France also includes the overseas territories of :
  • No flag.svg Clipperton Island
  • Flag of French Polynesia.svg French Polynesia
  • Flag of New Caledonia.svg New Caledonia
  • Flag of Saint Barthelemy (local).svg Saint Barthélemy
  • Flag of the Collectivity of Saint Martin.png Saint Martin
  • Flag of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.svg Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  • Flag of Wallis and Futuna.svg Wallis and Futuna
Flag of Gabon.svg Gabon - Gabonese Republic UN member state None
Flag of The Gambia.svg Gambia, The - Islamic Republic of the Gambia UN member state None
Flag of Georgia.svg Georgia UN member state None Georgia contains two autonomous republics, Adjara and Abkhazia. In Abkhazia and South Ossetia, de facto states have been formed.
Flag of Germany.svg Germany - Federal Republic of Germany UN member state None Member of the EU. Germany is a federation of 16 federation stats (Länder). Germany recently absorbed the former Belgian German-speaking Community, now constituting Rhineland-Palatine Districts of Eifel and Eupen, which have not been entirely assimilated.
Flag of Ghana.svg Ghana - Republic of Ghana UN member state None
Flag of Greece.svg Greece - Hellenic Republic UN member state None Member of the EU. Mount Athos is an autonomous part of Greece that is jointly governed by the multinational "Holy Community" on the mountain, and a civil governor appointed by the Greek Government.
Flag of Grenada.svg Grenada - Republic of Grenada UN member state None Grenada is a Commonwealth realm.
Flag of Guatemala.svg Guatemala - Republic of Guatemala UN member state None
Flag of Guinea.svg Guinea - Republic of Guinea UN member state None
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg Guinea-Bissau - Republic of Guinea-Bissau UN member state None
Flag of Guyana.svg Guyana - Co-operative Republic of Guyana UN member state None
Flag of Haiti.svg Haiti - Republic of Haiti UN member state None
Flag of Honduras.svg Honduras - Republic of Honduras UN member state None
Flag of Hungary.svg Hungary UN member state None Member of the EU
Flag of Iceland.svg Iceland UN member state None
Flag of India.svg India - Republic of India UN member state None India is a federation of 29 states and seven union territories. India claims the entire territory of Kashmir as one of its states, but only exercises control over part of it, while the rest is controlled by the People's Republic of China and Pakistan.
Flag of Indonesia.svg Indonesia - Republic of Indonesia UN member state None Indonesia has five provinces with official special autonomy status: Aceh, Jakarta SCR, Yogyakarta SR, Papua, and West Papua.
Flag of Iran.svg Iran - Islamic Republic of Iran UN member state None
Flag of Iraq.svg Iraq - Republic of Iraq UN member state None Iraq is a federation of 15[?] governorates.
Flag of Ireland.svg Ireland UN member state None Member of the EU.
Flag of Israel.svg Israel - State of Israel UN member state Partially unrecognised Israel exerts strong control over the territory claimed by Palestine. Israel annexed East Jerusalem, an annexation not recognised by the international community. Israel maintains varying levels of control over the rest of the West Bank, and although Israel no longer has a permanent civilian or military presence in the Gaza Strip, following its unilateral disengagement, it is still considered by some to be the occupying power under international law. Israel is not recognised as a state by 32 UN members (including most Arab states) and by the SADR.
Flag of Italy.svg Italy - Italian Republic UN member state None Member of the EU. Italy has five autonomous regions, and they are :
  • Sicilian Flag.svg Sicily
  • Flag of Sardinia, Italy.svg Sardinia
  • Flag of Valle d'Aosta.svg Aosta Valley
  • Flag of Trentino-South Tyrol.png Trentino-Alto Adige
  • Flag of Friuli-Venezia Giulia.png Friuli-Venezia Giulia
Flag of Côte d'Ivoire.svg Ivory Coast - Republic of Côte d'Ivoire UN member state None
Flag of Jamaica.svg Jamaica - Republic of Jamaica UN member state None Jamaica is a Commonwealth realm
Flag of Japan.svg Japan - Republic of Japan UN member state None
Flag of Jordan.svg Jordan - Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan UN member state None
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg Japan - Republic of Kazakhstan UN member state None
Flag of Kenya.svg Kenya - Republic of Kenya UN member state None
Flag of Kiribati.svg Kiribati - Republic of Kiribati UN member state None
Flag of North Korea.svg Korea, North - Democratic People's Republic of Korea UN member state Claimed by South Korea North Korea is not recognised by two UN members: Japan and South Korea.
Flag of South Korea.svg Korea , North - Democratic People's Republic of Korea UN member state Claimed by North Korea South Korea contains 1 autonomous region, Jeju-do. South Korea is not recognised by one UN member: North Korea.
Flag of Kurdistan.svg Kurdistan - Republic of Kurdistan UN member state Turkey does not recognise Kurdistan. Kurdistan claims parts of Turkey
Flag of Kuwait.svg Kuwait - State of Kuwait UN member state None
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg Kyrgyzstan - Kyrgyz Republic UN member state None
Flag of Laos.svg Laos - Lao People's Democratic Republic UN member state None
Flag of Latvia.svg Latvia - Republic of Latvia UN member state None Member of the EU
Flag of Lebanon.svg Lebanon - Lebanese Republic UN member state None
Flag of Liberia.svg Liberia - Republic of Liberia UN member state None
Flag of Libya.svg Libya - State of Libya UN member state None Libya has one self-declared autonomous region, Cyrenaica
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg Liechtenstein - Principality of Liechtenstein UN member state None
Flag of Lithuania.svg Lithuania - Republic of Lithuania UN member state None Member of the EU
Flag of Luxembourg.svg 'Luxembourg - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg UN member state None Member of the EU. Luxembourg recently absorbed the former Belgian Province of Luxembourg, which has not been entirely assimilated.
Flag of North Macedonia.svg Macedonia - Republic of Macedonia UN member state None Because of the Macedonia naming dispute, the country is referred to by the UN and a number of states and international organizations as "the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia".
Flag of Madagascar.svg Madagascar - Republic of Madagascar UN member state None
Flag of Malawi.svg Malawi - Republic of Malawi UN member state None
Flag of Malaysia.svg Malaysia - Republic of Malaysia UN member state None Malaysia is a federation of 13 states and three federal territories.
Flag of Maldives.svg Maldives - Republic of Maldives UN member state None
Flag of Mali.svg Mali - Republic of Mali UN member state None
Flag of Malta.svg Malta - Republic of Malta UN member state None Member of the EU
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg Marshall Islands - Republic of the Marshall Islands UN member state None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
Flag of Mauritania.svg Mauritania - Islamic Republic of Mauritania UN member state None
Flag of Mauritius.svg Mauritius - Republic of Mauritius UN member state None Mauritius has an autonomous island, Rodrigues
Flag of Mexico.svg Mexico - United Mexican States UN member state None Mexico is a federation of 31 states and one autonomous city.
25px Micronesia - Federated States of Micronesia UN member state None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States. The Federated States of Micronesia is a federation of four states.
Flag of Moldova.svg Micronesia - Republic of Moldova UN member state None Moldova has the autonomous regions of Gagauzia and Transnistria, the latter of which has established a de facto state.
Flag of Monaco.svg Monaco - Principality of Monaco UN member state None
Flag of Mongolia.svg Mongolia UN member state None
Flag of Montenegro.svg Montenegro UN member state None
Flag of Morocco.svg Morocco - Kingdom of Morocco UN member state None
Flag of Mozambique.svg Mozambique - Republic of Mozambique UN member state None
Flag of Myanmar.svg Myanmar - Republic of the Union of Myanmar UN member state None
Flag of Namibia.svg Namibia - Republic of Namibia UN member state None
Flag of Nauru.svg Nauru - Republic of Nauru UN member state None
Flag of Nepal.svg Nepal - Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal UN member state None Nepal is a federation composed of 14 zones.
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Netherlands - UN member state None Member of the EU. The Kingdom of the Netherlands is made up of:
Flag of New Zealand.svg New Zealand UN member state None New Zealand is a Commonwealth realm, and has the dependent territories of the Ross Dependency and Tokelau. New Zealand also has responsibilities for (but no rights of control over) the freely associated states of the Cook Islands and Niue, which have diplomatic relations with 41 and 17 UN members respectively, and full treaty-making capacity in the UN, and are members of various UN specialized agencies.
Flag of Nicaragua.svg Nicaragua - Republic of Nicaragua UN member state None Nicaragua contains two autonomous regions, Atlántico Sur and Atlántico Norte.
Flag of Niger.svg Niger - Republic of Niger UN member state None
Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria - Federal Republic of Nigeria UN member state None Nigeria is a federation of 36 states and 1 federal territory.
Flag of Norway.svg Norway - Kingdom of Norway UN member state None
  • Svalbard is an integral part of Norway, but has a special status due to the Svalbard Treaty.
  • Jan Mayen is an island that is an integral part of Norway, although unincorporated.

Norway has the dependent territories of Bouvet Island, Peter I Island and Queen Maud Land

Flag of Oman.svg Oman - Sultanate of Oman UN member state None
Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan - Islamic Republic of Pakistan UN member state None Pakistan is a federation of four provinces, 1 capital territory, and tribal regions. Pakistan disputes the entire territory of Kashmir with India, and part of it with the People's Republic of China. It exercises control over certain portions of Kashmir, but has not officially annexed any of it, instead regarding it as a disputed territory. The portions that it controls are divided into two territories, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan, administered separately from Pakistan proper.
Flag of Palau.svg Palau - Republic of Palau UN member state None Under Compact of Free Association with the United States.
Flag of Palestine.svg Palestine - State of Palestine UN observer state; member of one UN specialized agency Partially unrecognized. Disputed by Israel The declared State of Palestine has received diplomatic recognition from 136 states. The proclaimed state has no agreed territorial borders, or effective control on much of the territory that it proclaimed. The State of Palestine is a member state of UNESCO, and an observer state in the UN.
Flag of Panama.svg Panama - Republic of Panama UN member state None
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Papua New Guinea - Independent State of Papua New Guinea UN member state None Papua New Guinea is a Commonwealth realm, with 1 autonomous region, Bougainville.
Flag of Paraguay.svg Paraguay - Republic of Paraguay UN member state None
Flag of the Philippines.svg Philippines - Republic of the Philippines UN member state None The Philippines contains one autonomous region, Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao.
Flag of Poland.svg Poland - Republic of Poland UN member state None Member of the EU
Flag of Portugal.svg Portugal - Portuguese Republic UN member state None Member of the EU. Portugal contains two autonomous regions, Azores and Madeira.
Flag of Qatar.svg Qatar - State of Qatar UN member state None
Flag of Romania.svg Romania UN member state None Member of the EU
Flag of Russia.svg Russia - Russian Federation UN member state None Officially a federation of 85 federal subjects. Russia also forms the Union State jointly with Belarus
Flag of Rwanda.svg Rwanda - Republic of Rwanda UN member state None
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg Saint Kitts and Nevis - Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis UN member state None Saint Kitss and Nevis is a Commonwealth realm, and a federation of two islands, St. Kitts and Nevis.
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg Saint Lucia UN member state None Saint Lucia is a Commonwealth realm.
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg Saint Vincent and the Grenadines UN member state None Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a Commonwealth realm.
Flag of Samoa.svg Samoa - Independent State of Samoa UN member state None
Flag of San Marino.svg San Marino - Republic of San Marino UN member state None
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg São Tomé and Príncipe - Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe UN member state None São Tomé and Príncipe contains 1 autonomous province, Príncipe.
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg Saudi Arabia - Kingdom of Saudi Arabia UN member state None
Flag of Scotland.svg Scotland - Commonwealth of Scotland UN member state None Scotland is newly independent, and hasn't set up de facto diplomatic links with all nations
Flag of Senegal.svg Senegal - Republic of Senegal UN member state None
Flag of Serbia.svg Serbia - Republic of Serbia UN member state None Serbia contains two autonomous regions, Vojvodina and Kosovo and Metohija. The latter is under the de facto control of the Republic of Kosovo.
Flag of Seychelles.svg Seychelles - Republic of Seychelles UN member state None
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg Seychelles - Republic of Sierra Leone UN member state None
Flag of Singapore.svg Seychelles - Republic of Singapore UN member state None
Flag of Slovakia.svg Slovakia - Slovak Republic UN member state None Member of the EU
Flag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia - Republic of Slovenia UN member state None Member of the EU
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg Solomon Islands UN member state None The Solomon Islands is a Commonwealth realm
Flag of Somalia.svg Somalia - Federal Republic of Somalia UN member state None Somalia has two self-declared autonomous regions: Puntland and Galmudug, while the territory of Somaliland has formed an unrecognised de facto state.
Flag of South Africa.svg South Africa - Republic of South Africa UN member state None
Flag of South Sudan.svg South Sudan - Republic of South Sudan UN member state None South Sudan is a federation of 28 states.
Flag of Spain.svg Spain - Kingdom of Spain. UN member state None Member of the EU. Spain is divided into 17 autonomous communities and 2 special autonomous cities. The communities of Catalonia, Canaries and, to a lesser extent, the Basque have formed de facto states.
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg Sri Lanka - Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka UN member state None Formerly known as Ceylon.
Flag of Sudan.svg Sudan - Republic of the Sudan UN member state None Sudan is a federation of 17 states.
Flag of Suriname.svg Suriname - Republic of Suriname UN member state None
Flag of Eswatini.svg Swaziland - Kingdom of Swaziland UN member state None
Flag of Sweden.svg Sweden - Kingdom of Sweden UN member state None
Flag of Switzerland.svg Switzerland - Swiss Confederation UN member state None Switzerland is a federation of 26 cantons
Flag of Syria.svg Syria - Araab Republic Syria UN member state None The Syrian National Coalition, which is recognized as the legitimate representative of the Syrian people by 20 UN members, has established an interim government to rule rebel controlled territory during the Syrian civil war.
Flag of Tajikistan.svg Tajikistan - Republic of Tajikistan UN member state None Tajikistan contains 1 autonomous region, Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Province.
Flag of Tanzania.svg Tanzania - United Republic of Tanzania UN member state None
Flag of Thailand.svg Thailand - Kingdom of Thailand UN member state None
Flag of Togo.svg Togo - Togolese Republic UN member state None
Flag of Tonga.svg Tonga - Kingdom of Tonga UN member state None
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg Trinidad and Tobago - Republic of Trinidad and Tobago UN member state None Trinidad and Tobago contains 1 autonomous region, Tobago.
Flag of Tunisia.svg Tunisia - Republic of Tunisia UN member state None
Flag of Turkey.svg Turkey - Republic of Turkey UN member state None Kurdistan claims parts of Turkey
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg Turkmenistan UN member state None
Flag of Tuvalu.svg Tuvalu UN member state None Tuvalu is a Commonwealth realm
Flag of Uganda.svg Uganda - Republic of Uganda UN member state None
Flag of Ukraine.svg Ukraine - Ukraine UN member state None
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg United Arab Emirates UN member state None The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven emirates.
Flag of Great Britain without Scotland (vector).svg United Kingdom - United Kingdom of England, Wales and Northern Ireland UN member state None The United Arab Emirates is a federation of seven emirates.Member of the EU. The United Kingdom is a Commonwealth realm consisting of four constituent countries: England, Northern Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. The United Kingdom has 14 British Overseas Territories. The British Monarchy has direct sovereignty over four self-governing [Crown Dependencies
Flag of the United States.svg United States - United States of America UN member state None The United States is a federation of 50 states and 1 federal district. The United States has sovereignty over 5 inhabited possessions and commonwealths, and several uninhabited and unincorporated territories.

The Marshall Islands, Micronesia and Palau are in Free Association with the US. It has two sovereignty disputes over Bajo Nuevo Bank (also claimed by Jamaica and Nicaragua) and Serranilla Bank (claimed by Honduras and Nicaragua)

Flag of Uruguay.svg Uruguay - Oriental Republic of Uruguay UN member state None
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg Uzbekistan - Republic of Uzbekistan UN member state None Uzbekistan contains 1 autonomous region, Karakalpakstan.
Flag of Vanuatu.svg Vanuatu - Republic of Vanuatu UN member state None
Flag of the Vatican City.svg Vatican City - Vatican City State UN observer state under the designation of "Holy See"; member of three UN specialized agencies and the IAEA None Administered by the Holy See, a sovereign entity with diplomatic ties to 180 states. The Holy See is a member of the IAEA, ITU, UPU, and WIPO and a permanent observer of the UN (in the category of "Non-member State") and multiple other UN System organizations. The Vatican City is governed by officials appointed by the Pope, who is the Bishop of the Diocese of Rome and ex officio sovereign of Vatican City.
Flag of Venezuela.svg Venezuela - Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela UN member state None Venezuela is a federation of 23 states, 1 capital district, and federal dependencies.
Flag of Vietnam.svg Vietnam - Socialist Republic of Vietnam UN member state None
Flag of Yemen.svg Yemen - Republic of Yemen UN member state None
Flag of Zambia.svg Zambia - Republic of Zambia UN member state None
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg Zimbabwe - Republic of Zimbabwe UN member state None
ZZZUN member states and observer states A ZZZ ZZZ
ZZZ AB B
ZZZ↓ Other states ↓ D AAA ZZZ
Flag of Abkhazia.svg Abkhazia - Republic of Abkhazia No membership Claimed by Georgia Recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nagorno-Karabakh, South Ossetia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
Flag of the Basque Country.svg Basque Country No membership Claimed by Spain. Recognised only by Catalonia. Claimed as a whole by Spain
Flag of Catalonia.svg Catalonia No membership Claimed by Spain. Recognised only by the Basque and Morocco. Claimed as a whole by Spain
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg Cook Islands Member of eight UN specialized agencies None A state in free association with New Zealand, the Cook Islands maintains diplomatic relations with 44 states. The Cook Islands is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity. It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
Hong Kong Bauhinia Flag (Navy Blue).svg Hong Kong - Provisional Democratic Government of Hong Kong No membership Claimed by the People's Republic of China. Recognised only by the Republic of China.
Flag of Kosovo.svg Kosovo - Republic of Kosovo Member of two UN specialized agencies Claimed by Serbia Pursuant to United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244, Kosovo was placed under the administration of the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo in 1999. Kosovo declared independence in 2008, and it has received diplomatic recognition from 109 UN member states and the Republic of China. Serbia continues to maintain its sovereignty claim over Kosovo. Other UN member states and non UN member states continue to recognise Serbian sovereignty or have taken no position on the question. Kosovo is a member of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank Group. The Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
Flag of Nagorno-Karabakh.svg Nagorno-Karabakh - Nagorno-Karabakh Republic No membership Claimed by Azerbaijan De facto independent state, only recognised by Abkhazia, South Ossetia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.
Flag of Niue.svg Niue UN observer state; member of five UN specialized agencies. None A state in free association with New Zealand, Niue maintains diplomatic relations with 19 states. Niue is a member of multiple UN agencies with full treaty making capacity. It shares a head of state with New Zealand as well as having shared citizenship.
25px Northern Cyprus - Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus No membership Claimed by Cyprus. Recognised only by Turkey. Claimed as a whole by the Republic of Cyprus
Flag of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.svg Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic No membership Claimed by Morocco Recognised at some stage by 84 UN member states, 37 of which have since withdrawn or frozen their recognition. It is a founding member of the African Union and the Asian-African Strategic Partnership formed at the 2005 Asian-African Conference. The territories under its control, the so-called Free Zone, are claimed in whole by Morocco as part of its Southern Provinces. In turn, the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic claims the part of Western Sahara to the west of the Moroccan Wall controlled by Morocco. Its government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria.
Flag of Somaliland.svg Somaliland - Republic of Somaliland No membership Claimed by Somalia. de facto independent, but not diplomatically recognised by any other state; claimed in whole by the Federal Republic of Somalia.
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Taiwan - Republic of China Former UN member (as Republic of China, 1945-1971) Observer in one UN specialized agency under the name "Chinese Taipei" Claimed by the People's Republic of China. A state competing for recognition with the People's Republic of China as the government of China since 1949. The Republic of China controls the island of Taiwan and associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas and parts of the Spratly Islands,[Note 26] and has not renounced claims over its annexed territories on the mainland. The Republic of China is recognised by 21 UN member states and the Holy See as of 2013. The territory of the Republic of China is claimed in whole by the People's Republic of China. The Republic of China participates in international organizations under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly "Chinese Taipei" and in the WTO it has full membership. The Republic of China was a founding member of the UN and enjoyed membership from 1945 to 1971, with veto power in the security council. See China and the United Nations.
Flag of Transnistria.svg Transnistria - Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic No membership Claimed by Moldova. A de facto independent state, recognised only by Abkhazia, Nagorno-Karabakh, and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by Moldova as the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit.


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