During the first part of my timeline, several important nations rose and fell. Many of these fell through war, and other rose the same way. More than anything else, these nations would influence their time period, and shape the world of the future. Nations would provide homes for people to thrive, and places for battle to take place. This page will catalog the most significant nations, and give a breif description of each.
Safineim was a nation in southern Italy between the years 485 BC and 13 AD. During the time it existed, it was often in conflict with Etrusca and on one occasion a deadly conflict with Carthage over trade routes. While it lost all of the wars it fought, Safineim was able to cut the losses to a minimum in almost all their conflicts. Despite the many failed wars Safineim fought, its territory only shrunk twice, once at the end of the Fifty Years War, and the second time when it was absorbed by the Second Etruscan Republic.
In addition to war, Safineim was a very influential nation during peace time as well. Before its war with Carthage, Safineim had built up a powerful trading empire, mostly focused on Greek city states, the near east and Spain. in addition to trade, Safinei culture spread, especially to Etrusca, where some elements of the culture survive to the present day. Overall, both military and culturally, Safineim was a major influence on the Italian peninsula and the world around it.
The Etruscan Republic was a nation based in the northern part of Italy between 367 BC and 13 AD. It was a powerful nation, engaging in three victorious wars against Safineim and forming and alliance with the Senone. Despite its influence, Etrusca was an unstable nation, as evidenced by the Etruscan rebellions, and its collapse after the third Safinei war. Its political system was almost always unstable, and when it was stable, it was ruled by a tyrannical upper class. Etrusca was ultimately a failure, collapsing into the secondary Etruscan Republic, a nation run by a tyrannical king. Despite this end though, Etrusca did influence the Italian peninsula, as well as western Europe, helping form early nations. Although it was never stable, The nation did help others become stable, thus leaving a lasting impression on the world.
Carthage was a monarchy in Libya that existed between 814 BC and 1167 AD. During this time, it was a major trading hub and military power. It was highly influential across Europe and Ethiopia. At several times during its existence it had a near monopoly on trade in the Mediterranean, and massive political control over its neighbors. This would make it one of the richest and longest lasting nations to ever exist, and it's government model was attempted by various other powers on the Mediterranean. Eventually it would fall during the revolts of 1167, and be reestablished as a republic.