In the first part of this timeline, many notable people live and die. In many cases, these people would define their societies - and societies around them - for hundreds of years to come. From kings to generals, these people defined the history of this era, and set the foundation for future eras. As many of them as possible will be listed here, along with a brief biography.
- 1 People from Safinim
- 2 People from Etrusca
- 3 People from Carthage
- 4 People from the Senone Republic
- 5 People from Nouio
- 6 People from Locudula
- 7 People from Parisi
- 8 People from Dubron
People from Safinim
The king who started the 50-years war, he ultimately shaped much of Safinei and Italian history. While he can essentially be blamed for the 50-years war, Gaius managed to keep the lines pretty even during the start of the war, lending him at least some credit. His tactics were effective against the Etruscans, but by the end of his reign, Safineim had lost some ground and had to pause fighting. While he is remembered primarily for starting a devastating war, he helped improve infrastructure throughout the kingdom as well as the agricultural sector.
After Gaius' death, his son and namesake took over the nation. Quickly, he managed to thrust the 50 years war to the wayside, making it a relative stalemate at the border. While this allowed him to focus on domestic issues, which ended up as more of a problem - Gaius II was an absolute abysmal administrator. He attempted to continue his father's improvement of infrastructure, but mostly ended up massively increasing taxes and letting former infrastructure go without maintenance. By the time he died, taxes where massive, with almost no benefit. His only widely accepted achievement was holding off the Etruscans.
After Gaius II's death, his son, again called Gaius, was responsible for trying to repair his father's damage. While he completely failed at warfare - during his reign the Etruscans crushed Safinei - he began to fix all the damage his father had done. He redid the tax system, taking as much of the burden off the citizens as possible. He also took steps too keep the economy afloat, increasing trade and repairing infrastructure. These efforts were largely successful, and were very popular. Overall, he was a successful King in terms of the economy and other domestic affairs, but completely failed against Etrusca.
After Safineim had increased trade across the Mediterranean sea, it began to attract the attention of Carthage. Cnaeus only increased the trade, making the nation relatively rich, but making Carthage increasingly angry. Before a treaty had been signed allowing Carthage to tax Safinei trade. A gambler by nature, Cnaeus encouraged traders to circumvent this. When Carthage found out, they quickly attacked and smashed the Safinei army to pieces. Soon after the end of this war, Cnaeus killed himself, angry with himself over his failure. Essentially, he made his country briefly rich, but his gamble failed and his country paid the price.
After the Mediterranean war, most of Safinei trade went to the Greek states. However, after the Macedonian war, trade there ground to a halt. Gellius initially tried to fix the economic disaster through peaceful means, but it soon became apparent that this would be impossible. Despite his best judgment, he was forced into war with Etrusca by his generals and popular demand. The invasion was a massive failure, and only worsened Safineim's economy. While it was well known Gellius had disagreed with the war, a scapegoat for the fiasco and Gellius was an obvious choice. He was forced to abdicate, and was eventually killed by an angry mob.
The last King of Safineim, Caudini both started and ended his reign on a terrible note. When he became King, Safineim's economy was in ruins, and poverty was rampant. While Caudini did try to take strides to improve this, and had almost no success in improving anything. His reign was mostly dominated by the third Safinei war. This war did massive damage to both sides, and prevented Caudini from improving Safineim in any way. While Caudini lost the war and collapsed Safineim in the process, he also managed to force Etrusca to collapse as well. He ultimately failed to preserve Safineim, and his reign was a failure on almost every front.
As soon as the third Safinei war started, Octavian III was appointed as the first consul of Safineim, a position name stolen from the former Roman Republic. his sole jobs was to fight the Etruscan armies, by any means he deemed necessary. While this was successful, he ended up ripping apart most of Northern Safineim for the benefit of him and his army, doing damage and destabilizing his country. He fought for 13 years, forcing massive casialties on both sides. In the end, despite his best efforts and an abundance of resources, he was unable to hold the Etruscans back, and died in 13 AD.
After the essential collapse of the Safineim monarchy, Octavian IV - for a few months - lead the nation as best he could. While he could hardly defend his people from the Etruscan army, he was able to organize some evacuations from major cities to prevent his citizens from being abused by Etruscan soldiers. He was eventually killed in battle, but only after ensuring that he was able to help as many of his people as possible. Many places in what used to be Safineim still recognize him as "the best leader possible, at the worst time possible."
People from Etrusca
The first king of Etrusca, Lucius, started a war against the Safinei to retake Rome and Veii, and set the basis for most of Etruscan Culture. Inspired by the Romans, he created a powerful military, and was willing to use it quickly and effectively. While he started the fifty years war, it hardly dominated his reign, and instead he was able to focus much of his energy on creating a working - if undemocratic government - and create a powerhouse economy, which would help Etrusca dominate Safineim for the hundreds of years, and spread their influence across Italy and the Mediterranean.
The second king of Etrusca rose to power under delicate circumstances, as a nephew of Lucius - who had a son. However, after a brief period of instability, Lausas was able to take control of Etrusca. Unlike his predecessor, his reign was largely dominated by the fifty years war, with little opportunity to advance anything else. Even the fifty years war didn't see much progress - despite high casualties, the battle lines remained essentially the same. He was able to advance the economy somewhat, but most of this progress was dampened by the huge expense that was the fifty years war.
Lucius was the Final king of Etrusca to preside during the Fifty Years War. While he was able to completely crush the Safinei though the use of a strong centralized army. With this, he was able to take the territory of the Roman Republic and annex it for Etrusca, weakening Safineim and creating a new power dynamic on the Italian peninsula. However, because of this success against the Safinei, he was unable to focus on other areas of nation running, causing the economy to slump, and trade to slow. These negative effects would be eventually offset, mostly because of the new land and citizens, as well as moderately effective administration from the next Etruscan Kings.
Coming to power in 189, Vibius decided to launch a deadly strike against Safineim, and hopefully reduce their power. In order to achieve this, he decided to give a boost to the Macedonians on Greece. He resolved to help Macedonia launch an attack on their neighbors, in exchange for them cutting off trade with Safineim. After the Macedonian King agreed, a war was launched against Macedonia's neighbors, and trade was cut off. After it became apparent that trade would not be resumed, the Safinei launched an attack on Etrusca. Vibius handled this easily and efficiently, and with the rest of his reign, he improved Etrusca's economy and worked to improve life in his nation.
The last King of Etrusca, Decius started his reign with the intention of ending the existence of Safineim. Quickly, he assembled a massive army, and marched into the opposing nation. The war raged, and he focused on nothing else, essentially letting the economy fall apart. While he was able to defeat and cause the collapse of Safineim, he lost control of Etrusca in the process. This allowed Octavian Dardania to take control of both nations at the end of the war, forming both Safineim and Etrusca into a new nation called Dardanian Etrusca. Ultimatly Decius would be known both as the King who finally defeated Safineim, but also the one that allowed Etrusca to fall.
Radarca was one of two Princes of Etrusca that had an active role in the third Safinei War. Starting his term in 2 AD, he quickly took control of parts of the Etruscan army, and wielded them far more effectively than any other commander during that war. During his term, he started in eastern Safineim, and moved south, then west and finally north, cutting up a huge part of Etrusca. This proved deadly to the defending forces, who were forced to fight without reinforcements for almost two years, and on two major fronts for most of that time. Unfortunately for Etrusca, he had to step down after two years, leaving the war to go on without him.
Sabora was the second Prince to fight in the third Safinei war, and is at least partially credited with its end. He pushed down both the east and west coasts of the enemy nation, crushing resistance. This tactic proved far more effective than anything else that had been tried during the war, and Safineim took massive casualties. In addition to crushing Safinei, Savora was one of the last people to challenge Octavian Dardania's reign, and even lead a small resistance against him immediately after the war. In the end, he would fall to Dardania, but was still able to make his mark on Etruscan history, and wipe Safineim off the map.
People from Carthage
After discovering the treachery of the Safinei in the form of evading trade taxes, Hanno was enraged. He immediately started the Mediterranean War, with the intent to destroy Safineim. The first move of this war was to annihilate Safineim's navy, with very low casualties for Carthage. Following this was a invasion of the Safinei mainland, and after fighting for their lives, the Safinei agreed to a truce. With the remainder of his reign, Hanno was able to expand Carthage's economy and trade networks. With the defeat of the Safinei, He was able to raise taxes on their trade, which increased Carthage's trade even more, making Hanno an extremely successful leader.
People from the Senone Republic
Enorac was the first chieftain of the Senone Republic. He was able to take advantage of the fact that the Senone were already slowly centralizing across their homeland. Taking advantage of this, he was able to effectively create a powerful nation in northern Italy, and put it om the path to success. He created the city of Senona, a place that would at several points be the largest city in the world, and serve as the cultural center of Italy for parts of its life time. He was also able to create an effective senate for the new nation, that would be elected every four years. Enorac is ultimately credited with the Senone Republic, and setting it on its path in history.
People from Nouio
Enchar was the first monarch of Orleans, and created it as an official nation. However, even before Orleans became an official kingdom, he served as the ruler of the city and its area. He can be - at least partially - credited with the centralization in Northern Keltoia that happened during his lifetime. Before Orleans became a nation, he was influential in terms of trade, balancing it with the Senone Republic and Carthage, after Orleans fully centralized, he was able to expand his influence much further across Keltoia. Overall, he is regarded as one of the most influential leaders in the history of Orleans and Europe.
Following the reign of his father, Artsor turned nation from a workable nation into one that could be sustainable for ling periods of time. First of all, he instituted an effective tax system, which in turn allowed him to increase services across the city. Perhaps most vitally, he made an effective sewer system, which kept the city clean and kept disease levels relatively low. Additionally, he created lasting and official trade relations between Orleans and the other Keltoic city states, as well as the Senone Republic.
Enchar II's main legacy is usually considered the creation of a permanent military for Orleans. Before him, troops were essentially raised as needed, which was ineffective for many obvious reasons. Instead, he organized 1000 men as soldiers making sure at least 400 were on duty at any given time. In addition, 2000 more men would be prepared to serve as soon as they were needed. While these numbers may seem small, this was the first organized military in the region, and allowed Orleans to dominate Militarily as well as economically.
Tentorca was the first - and probably only - influential deputy in Orlean's history. Working under Enchar I, he was often responsible for moving forward with the details, while leaving Enchar to work on the big picture. This relationship worked well for both parties, and gave Tentorca a lot of leniency. In addition to his work under Enchar, Tentorca had two major projects. The first one, which was unsuccessful, was to create a permanent military for Orleans. The second more effective one was to create enough farms for Orleans to be sustainable without importing very much food. Overall, Tentorca influenced Orleanian history as much as he could and in a generally positive manner.
By far the most ambitious ruler in Orleanian - if not Keltoic - history, Heldarc decided to unite all four of the major Keltoic states. He managed to raise a large army, and defeat all three opposing nations, with only limited Auxiliaries from the Senone Republic. In addition to being an effective commander, he managed to keep the Nouion economy above water, and also upgrade the Parisi economy. After the unification, he would become the first king of the Keltoic Empire.
People from Locudula
Swedarc I was the first monarch of Locudula, and probably the most powerful monarchs in Keltoia. He allegedly rose to power by killing Epor, who helped Locudula rise as a city. Once in power, he tried to put the nation completely under his control in a brutal but successful autocracy. While he did not create a full time army, Swedarc did employ about 60 soldiers to both defend the city and kill his political opponents. In the end, Swedarc was able to control his nation, but left no way for this model to continue, leaving his successors a huge problem.
After the death of his father, Swedarc had a massive problem. Because the elder Swedarc had been the be-all end-all of Locudula's government, he didn't bother to set up any mechanism for it to work after his death. However, he was able to deal with this extremely aptly, and even manged to create some form of democracy in an area completely unused to it. As another reform, he disbanded the 60 soldiers that his father had operated, and ultimately made Locudula at least some semblance of Democracy.
After the creation of the Senate and other democratic reforms by Swedarc II, his son through a wrench into everything by taking after his grandfather. While he now had to work within the framework provided by his father, Swedarc III was still power hungry and used these institutions to his advantage as much as possible. While he did manage to gain some power, he was at almost every point held in check by the senate. When he finally gained traction with the public, he was disposed of by the senate before he could recreate the power his grandfather had.
Essentially the crony of Swedarc I, who had the same desire for power as his master. He was generally charged with keeping to populace in order, and to prevent any uprising against he government. As such, he was in charge of the soldiers Swedarc I kept to limit his enemies, and was truly brutal with this responsibility. He ultimately destroyed any opposition to Swedarc I, but his model proved ineffective when the next king ascended - he was killed within a year.
After Swedarc II came to power, he disposed of the old Second prince and made Peltarca the new one. The new second prince was rarely around - he was predominately an explorer. His explorations lead mostly to the west, were he both expanded Locudula and mapped large parts of Keltoia. It is even rumored that he crossed the English channel, though this is considered at least somewhat unlikely. In the city, he tried to alleviate the effect of his predecessors time in office, and was arguably more successful at this than the Monarch he served under.
People from Parisi
The first king of Paris, Arthoc set the stage for the dysfunction the government of Parisi would experience during its lifetime. His heavy handed and ineffective policies crushed what little stable economy that Parisi managed, and poverty skyrocketed across the area. It also made life worse for almost every citizen, except the few that wormed their way in to Athoc's corrupt circle. His reign would mark the beginning of a slow downward slope of Paris, only terminating on Paris' annihilation.
Once Nouio declared the Keltoic Unification wars, it fell on Outor to try to defend Parisi - the first target of the Nouion army. He tried to rally an army, but this was almost impossible for a leader whose office had historically no control over the military. However, he was able to stand up to the initial Nouion assault, and keep his failing country above water until 6 AD, when he was destroyed in battle and Parisi fell.
After the death of Outor, he was replaced by the Nouion puppet King - Morhelm. While this new monarch tried to work with his occupiers, his position was too politically weak to accomplish anything. This did not stop him from launching a brutal political attack on the "senate" Nouio had set up, which amounted to corrupt yes-men. Ultimately, though, he would be unable to enforce his reign, and despite valiant effort, he was unable to prevent his nation from being annexed by Nouio and becoming the Keltoic Empire.
People from Dubron
The first lord of Dubron, Ertorca probably wielded the most power of any other king to rule the region. He was primarily charged with improving Dunron's economy and industrial base. He had grown up a fisherman, so he had some natural bias towards that profession. However, he wisely balanced this out with several people under him to manage other areas of economy, notably trade. Towards the end of his reign, however, he began to relinquish more control of the nation to the industries, setting a precedent for many kings to come.
After a long tradition of Lords having minimal power over Dubron's policy and daily life, Ertorca was responsible for trying to bring the nation to fight the Nouion advance. This rallying of troops and supplies proved to be near impossible, and Ertorca XI ended up bankrupting his nation. While he did resit the Nouion advance for longer than Locudula, both nations eventually fell to the Nouion onslaught. This would result in Ertorca becoming the ruler of parts of the Keltoic Empire, though his rule was never particularly effective.