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Alengiamark CoA (The Kalmar Union).svg

Coat of Arms of Álengiamark

The Queens of Álengiamark are dated from 1131 when the Norse colony of Vinland was split between the modern states of Vinland and Álengiamark on the death of Queen Snaedis I.

Why are Vinland and Álengiamark's crowns passed matralineally? The answer lies in the role of women in founding the original Vinland colony (especially Freydis and Gudrid), and also of the autocratic rule of Snorri Thorfinnsson who abused his position as speaker to create a monopoly for himself. Once Snorri was overthrown, the Althing preferred a female speaker who in theory would not be able to wield the same level of power.

It should be said that unlike the Vinlandic dynasty which has more or less followed mother-to-daughter, the Álengsk crown was elected for a good portion of its history (the 300-year period from Asthurdur II to Herridr I. Therefore, the following list (at least until Herridr I secured the rights of hereditary succession) should not be viewed as a singular dynasty of 'Eiriksdottírs' but a range of interrelated noble families.

House of Eiriksdottír
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule Relation to predecessor/

method of succession

Elisiv Elisiv (The Kalmar Union) (1131-1155) Daughter of Snaedis I
Dogg Bertha of holland (1155-1167) Daughter of Elisiv
Elin I Elin I Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1167-1182) Sister of Dogg, daughter of Elisiv
Elin II Elin II Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1182-1183) Elin I died without heir.

Daughter of Thorvald, Earl of Ingolfursey

Thorey I (the Exile) Thorey I Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1183-1184) Elin II deposed and exiled.

Daughter of Earl Bjarki of Langaeyjar

Asthurdur I Asthurdur I Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1184-1188) Thorey I deposed and exiled.

Daughter of Earl Eirikur of Sudervik

Elin II restored Elin II Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1188-1197) Recalled from exile following Asthurdur I's death
Iofridr Iofridr (The Kalmar Union) (1197-1201) Granddaughter of Snaedis I.
Yrsa I Yrsa I Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1197-1199) Crown claimed by Earl Nepaupuck of Quiripiland
Eydis Eydis Álengia (The Kalmar Union) (1201-1225) Daughter of Iofridr
Frida Frida Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1225-1230) Daughter of Eydis
Adalbjorg I Adalbjorg I Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1230-1239) Daughter of Frida
House of Edohasdottír (Aniyunwiyan)
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule Relation to predecessor/

method of succession

Atamaja Atamaja Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1239-1281) Given crown following Aniyunwiyan conquest
House of Eiriksdottír
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule Relation to predecessor/

method of succession

Thorey II Thorey II Alengia 2 (The Kalmar Union) (1281-1341) Adopted/foster daughter of Atamaja
Elin III Elin III 1341-1387) Granddaughter of Thorey II
Asthurdur II Asthurdur II Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1388-1397) Granddaughter of Thorey II
Elin IV Joanna of Bavaria (1397-1402) Beginning of elected monarchy.

Daughter of Earl Ólafur of Margirhaedeyja

Brynja I Brynja I Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1402-1422) Elected.

Sister of Earl of Sudervik

Thyri Thyri Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1422-1459) Elected.

Daughter of Earl Hilmar of Langaejyar

Adalbjorg II Adalbjorg II Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1459-1463) Elected.

Daughter of Earl Hrafnkell of Quiripiland

Elin V BNF - Latin 9474 - Jean Bourdichon - Grandes Heures d'Anne de Bretagne - f. 3r - Anne de Bretagne entre trois saintes (détail) (1463-1502) Elected.

Daughter of Earl Eiríkur of Sudervik

Brynhildur I Brynhildur I Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1502-1510) Elected.

Sister of Earl Brynjar of Langaeyjar

Yrsa II Yrsa II (The Kalmar Union) (1510-1529) Elected.

Sister of Earl Ingvar of Nanticokeland

Thorey III Thorey III Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1529-1570) Elected

Daughter of Earl Tobem of Moheganland

Thorey IV Thorey IV Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1570-1591) Elected.

Granddaughter of Thorey III

Brynja II Brynja II Alengia (The Kalmar Union) (1591-1632) Elected.

Daughter of Earl Grétar of Nanticokeland

Elin VI Elin IV (The Kalmar Union) (1632-1666) Elected.

Daughter of Earl Aron of Langaeyjar

Gunndis Pierre Mignard Claude de Vin des Oeillets (1666-1702) Elected.

Daughter of Earl Tómas of Margirhaedeyja

Elin VII Elin VII (The Kalmar Union) (1702-1712) Elected

Daughter of Earl Pjetúr of Sudervik

Herridr I Michael Dahl - Portrait of Mrs. Salisbury GL GM PC 48 (1712-1771) Elected.

Granddaughter of Guðni Reynirsson,
Mayor of the Palace

Margrjet Margrjet Álengia (The Kalmar Union) (1771-1783) Daughter of Herridr I
Thorey V Thorey V Álengia (The Kalmar Union) (1783-1817) Daughter of Margrjet
Herridr II Circa 1750 portrait painting of the Infanta Maria Antonia of Spain (1729-1785) by Jacopo Amigoni (Prado) (1817-1844) Daughter of Thorey V
Yrsa III Yrsa III Álengia (The Kalmar Union) (1844-1867) Daughter of Herridr II
Elin VIII Elin VIII Álengia (The Kalmar Union) (1867-1888) Daughter of Yrsa III
Reynhildur Reynhildur (The Kalmar Union) (1888-1906) First Cousin of Yrsa III
Elin IX Elin IX (The Kalmar Union) (1906-1927) Daughter of Reynhildur
Thorey VI Thorey VI (The Kalmar Union) (1927-1967) Daughter of Elin IX
Brynja III Brynja III (The Kalmar Union) (1967-2009) Granddaughter of Thorey VI
Thorey VII Young Lady with her cat, 1910 (2009-) Daughter of Brynja III
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