Coat of Arms of Vinland

The Queens of Vinland are normally dated from the rule of Freydis. However, the actual title of 'Queen' was not used until 1082 when Thorey I was crowned by the newly installed bishop of Vinland. Until that point they had owed their position to merely being speakers of the Vinlandic Althing.

Why are Vinland and Álengiamark's crowns passed matrilinealy? The answer lies in the role of women in founding the original colony (especially Freydis and Gudrid), and also of the the autocratic rule of Snorri Thorfinnsson who abused his position as speaker to create a monopoly for himself. Once Snorri was overthrown, the Althing preferred a female speaker who in theory would not be able to wield the same level of power.

As childbirth was a major killer of women right up to modern times the line of descent often did not follow mother to daughter, as ruling queens avoided pregnancy. The Althing has historically had final say on electing queens though often the right to succeed is secured as soon as a new heir is born by an official act.

The family name is officially 'Eiriksdottír' but is also written Eriksdottir or Ericsdottir.

House of Eiriksdottír
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
Freydis I Freydis I (The Kalmar Union).png (1021-1026)

(1026-1039) Different speakers of the Althing, sometimes referred to as the 'Democratic Interegnum' leading towards the autocratic rule of Snorri Thorfinnsson.

House of Eiriksdottír
Monarch Portrait Dates of Rule
St Hafdis I Hafdis I (The Kalmar Union).png (1039-1058)
Sigrun Sigrun Vin (The Kalmar Union).png (1058-1064)
Thorey I Thorey I (The Kalmar Union).png (1064-1116) crowned 1082
Snaedis I Edith z Wessexu.png (1116-1131)
Hafdis II Hafdis II Vin (The Kalmar Union).png (1131-1142)
Asdis I Asdis I Vin (The Kalmar Union).png (1142)
Iofridr Iofridr (The Kalmar Union).png (1142-1201)
Thorey II Thorey II (The Kalmar Union).png (1201-1206)
Kristjana I Kristjana I (The Kalmar Union).png (1206-1230)
Jakobina I Jakobina I (The Kalmar Union).png (1230-1231)
Freydis II Freydis II (The Kalmar Union).png (1231-1252)
Thorey III Thorey III (The Kalmar Union).png (1252-1261)
Kristjana II Kristjana II (The Kalmar Union).png (1261-1280)
Thyri Thyri Vin (The Kalmar Union).png (1280-1287)
Kristjana III Kristjana III (The Kalmar Union).png (1287-1301)
Hafdis III Hafdis III (The Kalmar Union).png (1301-1320)
Kristjana IV Kristjana IV (The Kalmar Union).png (1320-1352)
Geirfrithur Geirfrithur (The Kalmar Union).png (1352-1355)
Snaedis II Snaedis II (The Kalmar Union).png (1355-1390)
Kristjana V Kristjana V (The Kalmar Union).png (1390-1405)
Asdis II Asdis II (The Kalmar Union).png (1405-1420)
Hafdis IV Hafdis IV (The Kalmar Union).png (1420-1453)
Jakobina II Rogier van der Weyden - Portrait of a Woman with a Winged Bonnet - Google Art Project.jpg (1453-1502)
Kristjana VI Piero del Pollaiuolo - Profile Portrait of a Young Lady - Gemäldegalerie Berlin - Google Art Project.jpg (1502-1523)
Thorey IV Thorey IV (The Kalmar Union).png (1523-1560)
Asdis III Asdis III (The Kalmar Union).png 1560-1579
Snaedis III Snaedis III (The Kalmar Union).png 1579-1603
Maídis Maidis (The Kalmar Union).png 1603-1617
Thorey V Elizabeth de Vere.jpg 1617-1621
Freydis III Caterina van Hemessen Portrait of a Lady.jpg 1621-1647
Greta I Greta I (The Kalmar Union).png 1647-1681
Thorey VI Lossy-page1-720px-Anthony van Dyck - A Genoese Lady with Her Child - 1954.392 - Cleveland Museum of Art.tiff.jpg 1681-1694
Thorey VII Catherine of Braganza.jpg 1694-1712
Eyfinna I Portrait of a Lady, said to be Louise Julie de Nesle, Comtesse de Mailly by Alexis Grimou.jpg 1712-1733
Greta II Gerrit van Honthorst (c.1590-1592-1656) - Princess Louise Hollandine (1622–1709), Princess Palatine, Abbess of Maubuisson - 493055 - National Trust.jpg 1733-1756
Eyfinna II PrincessMaryofGreatBritain LandgravineofHesse.jpg 1756-1790
Lára Sir William Beechey (1753-1839) - Augusta, Duchess of Cambridge (1797-1889) - RCIN 404680 - Royal Collection.jpg 1790-1819
Svenný I Svenny I (The Kalmar Union).png 1819-1832
Svenný II Stieler- Auguste Hilber - Zweite Version.JPG 1832-1857
Kristjana VII Caroline Louisa Pratt Bartlett by Rembrandt Peale - BMA.jpg 1857-1885
Svenný III Svenny III (The Kalmar Union).png 1885-1902
Thorey VIII Thorey VIII (The Kalmar Union).png 1902-1931
Sofía Queen Louise of Denmark (1851-1926).png 1931-1960
Kristjana VIII Kristjana VIII (The Kalmar Union).png 1960-1988
Kristjana IX Grand Duchess Maria nikolaevna.png (1988-)

Eiriksson/Eiriksdottír Family Tree

A simplified family tree of the main line of descent of the Vinlandic queens.

Thorvald Asvaldsson
'the Red'
Leif Eiriksson
Thorstein Eiriksson
Gudrid Thorbjarnars-
Thorfinn Karlsefni
Freydis I Eiriksdottír
Freydis I (The Kalmar Union).png
Ulf Bjornsson
2 Sons

Earls of Greenland
Snorri Thorfinnsson
Thorbjorn Thorfinnsson
Hjorlefiur Ulfsson
St. Hafdis I Thorirsdottír
Hafdis I Vin small (The Kalmar Union).png
Sigrun Ulfsdottír
Sigrun Vin (The Kalmar Union).png
Jón Arasson
Stymir Hjorlefiurs-
Halfdan Hjorlefiurs-
Thorgerd Dufthakrs-
Thorey I Hjorlefiurs-

Thorey I (The Kalmar Union).png
Snorri Jónsson
Kolbeinn Jónsson
Eirik Halfdansson
Gudrid Halfdansdottír
Ulfljótr Halfdansson
Egil Halfdansson
Earls of Markland
Earls of Eikland
Thorgeir Gunnarsson
Snaedis I Gunnarsdottír
Edith z Wessexu.png
Osvífr Bjornsson
Earls of Kyreyja
Earls of Ingolfursey
Earls of Vinland
Hafdis II Osvífrsdottír
Hafdis II Vin (The Kalmar Union).png
Kári Einarsson
Elisiv Osvífrsdottír
Elisiv (The Kalmar Union).png
(Queen of Álengiamark)
Grimhild Osvífrsdottír
Thorlákur Throddsson
Asdis I Osvífrsdottír
Asdis I Vin (The Kalmar Union).png
Jón Osvífrsson
Iofridr Kárisdottír
Iofridr (The Kalmar Union).png
Ulf Jokullsson
Thorvald Kárisson
Birkir Thorlákursson
5 Sons


Eydis Álengia (The Kalmar Union).png
(Queen of Álengiamark)
Thorey II

Thorey II Vin (The Kalmar Union).png
Kristjana Ulfsdottír
Kristjana I (The Kalmar Union).png
Sturla Gissurarsson
Jakobina I Ulfsdottír
Jakobina I (The Kalmar Union).png
Hrafn Kárasson
Gunn Birkirsson
Freydis II Hrafnsdottír
Freydis II (The Kalmar Union).png
Pjetur Jorundursson
Gudmundur Hrafnsson
1 Other Son
1 Other Daughter
Hlynor Guthnisson
Thorey III Gunnsdottír
Thorey III (The Kalmar Union).png
Invar Gudmund-
Hafsteinn Ingolfursson
Kristjana II

Kristjana II (The Kalmar Union).png
Gardar Ivarsson
Eythor Hlynorsson
Valdemar Hlynursson
Adalheidur Hlynursdottír
Vilhjálmur Hlynursson
Thyri Invarsdottír
Thyri Vin (The Kalmar Union).png
Olaf Skulisson
Orn Gardarsson
Snaedis Gardarsdottír
Kári Olafsson
Áslaug Gardarsdottír
Kristjana III Olafsdottír
Kristjana III (The Kalmar Union).png
Sigurthur Asgeirsson
Eric III
Of Denmark
Halfdan Eythorsson
Hafdis III Kárisdottír
Hafdis III (The Kalmar Union).png
Elvar Elvarsson
Otto Ericsson
(Otto of Denmark)
Kristjana IV Halfdansdottír
Kristjana IV (The Kalmar Union).png
Ari Tállsson
Geirfrithur Elvarsdottír
Geirfrithur (The Kalmar Union).png
Vilhjálmur Magnusson
Runólf Arisson
Thordis Jónsdottír
Svend Arisson
Oláf Valdemarsson
Snaedis II Vilhjálmursdottír
Snaedis II (The Kalmar Union).png
Bjarki Vilhjálmursson
Birgir Magnusson
Asdis II Svendsdottír
Asdis II (The Kalmar Union).png
Bjarni Oláfsson
Otto Oláfsson
Kristjana V Oláfsdottír
Kristjana V (The Kalmar Union).png
Steinar Hannesson
Snaedis Birgirsdottír
Jón Birgirsson
Hafdis IV Birgirsdottír
Hafdis IV (The Kalmar Union).png
Kristian Hákonsson
Elisabet Birgirsdottír
Johánn Birgirsson
Birgir Birgirsson

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