Alternative History

After the formal collapse of the Sultanate of Grand Seljuk in 1094 (and indeed before this date) many new political entities were formed. These were short lasting; those that didn't get annexed by the Ummayad Caliphate were to befall a worse fate in 1258, with the invasion of Mongol armies under Hulegu Khan.

These states are as follows:

  • The Ummayad Caliphate
  • The Sultanate of Hamadan/ Sultanate of Grand Seljuk
  • The Zangid Dynasty
  • The Ortoqids
  • The Danishmends
  • The Marvian Dynasty
  • The Seljuks of Armenia
  • The Seljuks of Aleppo